W. Caraher, D. K. Pettegrew, R. S. Moore,
: The Archaeological Survey of an Ancient Harbor Town
© 2013WORKING DRAFT – DO NOT CITE WITHOUT AUTHORS’ PERMISSION
economic relationships, but form the building blocks of an archaeologically mediatedMediterranean culture.
The distinct connections present on the Pyla littoral not only manifest aunique set of economic relationships, but also contribute to the existence of our site as a discreteancient place.
The prehistoric activity along the stretch of coastline near Pyla is best-known to scholarsthe excavated site of Pyla-
. V. Karageoghis, site’s most recent excavator, hasassociated it with some of the earliest Aegean Greek settlers on the island in the Late BronzeAge, and, as a result, the site is politically significant for arguments for Greek identity on theisland even though the archaeological grounding for these claims remains contested. While our work initially included the study of prehistoric remains in the Pyla region through various formsof survey, we decided to intentionally exclude the study of prehistoric remains in the area after by V. Karageoghis and colleagues resumed excavation at the site.
At the same time, however,we think that a few general words on the broader prehistory of the region will offer some usefulcontext for the study of the site in the historical era.The sites of the Pyla region joined Hala Sultan Tekke and Kition on Larnaka Bay to formone of the most densely settled regions in Late Bronze Age Cyprus. The most important regionalcenter east of Kition was Pyla-
itself with its casemate style walls, facilities for large-scale storage, small-scale metallurgy, and contacts with the Levant and the Aegean basin.P. Dikaios, V. Karageorghis and M. Demas has shown revealed a series of Late Cypriot siteswith potentially overlapping dates.
The site of Pyla-
immediately to the east of this site, has never been fully published, but evidently overlapped in date with
and may have featured some basic harbor or storage facilities.
There is evidence for burials at the site of
tothe southeast of
and burial and settlement to the west at the site of
Early unsytematic work at the site of Pyla-
produced evidence for Late Cypriot activity just south of the village of Pyla, some 2 km north of the Pyla-
Further north of the Pyla littoral, the sites of Idalion, Ay. Sozomenos, Politiko-
, Kalopidha, and(further north) Sinda and Enkomi demonstrate that the southeastern corner of the island sawintensive activity and settlement throughout the Late Bronze Age.
While the political,economic, and chronological relationships between these sites remains difficult to assess, it is
Horden and Purcell 2000, 1-25. Knapp 2008 has sought to apply some of these same concepts to Cyprus.
Karageorghis and Demas 1984
Dikaios 1971; Karageorghis and Demas 1984.
See Catling 1962; Masson 1966 with references; for a more recent consideration see Brown 2011.
Catling 1962; Masson 1966; Dikaios 1971
Masson 1966 with references.
For a general consideration of this region see: Knapp 2008, 237-239.