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Reasoned Decision

Reasoned Decision

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Published by: RaceRadio on Oct 10, 2012
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01/25/2014

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  ____________________________ 
United States Anti-Doping Agency
5555 Tech Center Drive, Suite 200, Colorado Springs, CO 80919
Tel: 719.785.2000
Fax: 719.785.2001usada@usada.org
www.usada.org
 
REPORT ON PROCEEDINGS UNDER THE WORLD ANTI-DOPING CODEAND THE USADA PROTOCOL
 
U
NITED
S
TATES
A
NTI
-D
OPING
A
GENCY
,Claimant,v.L
ANCE
A
RMSTRONG
,Respondent.
REASONED DECISION OF THE UNITED STATES ANTI-DOPING AGENCYON DISQUALIFICATION AND INELIGIBILITY
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
I.
 
SUMMARY OF USADA’S REASONED DECISION…………………………………………….5II.
 
CHARGES AGAINST LANCE ARMSTRONG…………………………………………………...7III.
 
BACKGROUND…………………………………………………………………………………… 9A.
 
Commencement of USADA’s Broad Investigation of Doping in Cycling……………………...9B.
 
Criminal Investigation…………………………………………………………………………. 11C.
 
USADA’s Notice of Anti-Doping Review Board Proceedings and Notice of Opportunity toContest USADA’s Charges in Arbitration……………………………………………………...11D.
 
Armstrong’s Filing of Federal Lawsuit…………………………………………………………12E.
 
Federal Court’s Order Dismissing Armstrong Lawsuit…………………………………………13F.
 
Armstrong’s Refusal to Contest Charges Against Him in Arbitration Hearing Before NeutralArbitrators……………………………………………………………………………………….13IV.
 
DISCUSSION OF THE EVIDENCE SUPPORTING USADA’S CHARGES………………...15A.
 
Introduction……………………………………………………………………………………..151.
 
Standard of Proof……………………………………………………………………………152.
 
Means of Proof: Non-Analytical Evidence and Laboratory Evidence……………………..15B.
 
Chronological Review of Evidence of Lance Armstrong’s Possession, Use, Trafficking andAdministration of Banned Performance Enhancing Drugs and Other Relevant Events……..161.
 
1998…………………………………………………………………………………………16a.
 
Possession and use of EPO at the Vuelta a España…………………………………….18b.
 
Possession and use of cortisone………………………………………………………..19c.
 
Use of a saline infusion at the World Championships…………………………………202.
 
1999………………………………………………………………………………………..20a.
 
Focus on the Tour de France…………………………………………………………...21b.
 
The “A” Team………………………………………………………………………….22c.
 
Getting serious with Dr. Ferrari………………………………………………………..23d.
 
U.S. Postal drug delivery system………………………………………………………28e.
 
Possession and use of EPO……………………………………………………………..29f.
 
Motoman and the plan to deliver EPO at the Tour de France………………………….30g.
 
The Tour de France…………………………………………………………………….31h.
 
Positive for cortisone…………………………………………………………………..31i.
 
EPO use at the Tour de France…………………………………………………………33 j.
 
Testosterone use and administration at the Tour de France……………………………34k.
 
Sestriéres……………………………………………………………………………….34l.
 
Christophe Bassons…………………………………………………………………….35m. Seven witnesses and scientific corroboration…………………………………………363.
 
2000………………………………………………………………………………………..37a.
 
Armstrong’s involvement in the U.S. Postal Service blood doping program…………38b.
 
Armstrong’s use of testosterone and avoiding drug testing at race in Spain ………….39c.
 
Armstrong’s second Tour victory……………………………………………………...40d.
 
Blood doping at the 2000 Tour de France……………………………………………...41e.
 
French investigation and “Actovegin”………………………………………………….424.
 
2001………………………………………………………………………………………..45a.
 
Ferrari attends USPS training camp……………………………………………………46b.
 
Armstrong’s continued involvement in blood doping in 2001………………………...49
 
ii
c.
 
Armstrong’s possession, use and trafficking of EPO in 2001…………………………49d.
 
Armstrong’s suspicious test for EPO at the 2001 Tour of Switzerland………………..51e.
 
Armstrong’s possession and use of testosterone in 2001………………………………52f.
 
Controversy concerning Armstrong’s relationship with Ferrari and Italian lawenforcement investigation of Ferrari…………………………………………………...535.
 
2002………………………………………………………………………………………...54a.
 
Floyd Landis……………………………………………………………………………54b.
 
Landis begins working with Ferrari……………………………………………………57c.
 
Armstrong’s possession, use and trafficking of testosterone in 2002………………….58d.
 
Armstrong’s continued use of blood doping in 2002…………………………………..58e.
 
Armstrong’s enforcement of the team doping program………………………………..596.
 
2003.……………………………………………………………………………………......60a.
 
Armstrong’s continued use of blood doping in 2003…………………………………..61b.
 
Armstrong’s blood doping and EPO use at the 2003 Tour de France………………….63c.
 
Armstrong gets help from Tyler Hamilton……………………………………………..64d.
 
Armstrong’s possession, use and trafficking or administration of EPO and/ortestosterone in 2003…………………………………………………………………….657.
 
2004………………………………………………………………………………………...67a.
 
Armstrong continues to work with Ferrari in 2004…………………………………….68b.
 
Armstrong’s use of testosterone in 2004……………………………………………….69c.
 
Armstrong’s blood doping and EPO use at the 2004 Tour de France………………….70d.
 
Armstrong’s altercation with Filippo Simeoni at the 2004 Tour………………………72e.
 
Dr. Ferrari’s October 1, 2004, conviction for sporting fraud and Armstrong’s publictermination of professional relationship with Ferrari…………………………………..738.
 
2005………………………………………………………………………………………...75a.
 
Armstrong’s use of blood transfusions in 2005..………………………………………75b.
 
Possession, use and administration of EPO……………………………………………76c.
 
Hincapie’s post Tour drug sweep of Armstrong’s apartment………………………….76d.
 
Ferrari fabrication………………………………………………………………………77e.
 
SCA Testimony of Bill Stapleton and Lance Armstrong regarding Dr. Ferrari……….799.
 
2009 – 2012………………………………………………………………………………..82a.
 
Continuing Ferrari fabrication…………………………………………………………82b.
 
Evidence of blood doping……………………………………………………………...8610.
 
Weight to be given to Lance Armstrong’s refusal to testify……………………………….87C.
 
Overwhelming Proof that Lance Armstrong’s Support Staff Participated in Doping………….881.
 
Dr. Michele Ferrari’s involvement in doping……………………………………………...902.
 
Johan Bruyneel’s involvement in doping…………………………………………………1073.
 
Dr. Luis Garcia del Moral’s involvement in doping……………………………………...1154.
 
Dr. Pedro Celaya’s involvement in doping……………………………………………….1185.
 
Jose “Pepe” Marti’s involvement in doping………………………………………………123D.
 
Consideration of the Credibility and Reliability of USADA’s Fact Witnesses……………….127E.
 
How Lance Armstrong and the USPS Team Avoided Positive Drug Tests..............................1291.
 
Avoiding testers during window of detection….................................................................1312.
 
Using undetectable substances and methods…..................................................................1353.
 
Understanding limitations to the testing methods…...........................................................1374.
 
Use of saline infusions and micro-doping of EPO…..........................................................139

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Remedy_Land added this note
I really enjoyed reading this pdf
1 hundred reads
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1 hundred thousand reads
Mike Pieterse added this note
Guilty as hell - read Tyler Hamilton's book, The Secret Race, to see how Armstrong operated amongst the other riders and his own team. The fact that he "sponsored" the anti doping agency with huge amounts of money, covered him in many ways. He is to scared to go to arbitration because of possible purgery charges and end up in jail like Marion Jones did.
Gary Lindsey added this note
Hmmm. Lots of evidence, very little proof. All they need are test results published so where are the numbers? All this he said/she said...bunk. Wouldn't hold up in court. Doping is not new and these guys probably have done some form of it since they were juniors. Much to do about nothing. They doped...okay...what's on t.v. tonight?
Eric Vosselmans added this note
There is no sense in keeping up the lying, even if your name is Lance Armstrong and you raised 100's of millions of dollars for good causes. . He should be punished, not for cheating, everyone did that,, but for cheating and being an arrogant ******* dick about it and trying to ruin other peoples lives (Lemond, Simeone.) He deserves to be stripped of all his victories just because of that.
Bart Hanegraaf added this note
@Alex, There is no doubt that Lance Armstrong is a good to pretty good cyclist. But the bit extra for winning a TDF is used by taking EPO, bloodtransfusions etc... Lance was supreme in those days, even his teammates admit using stuff that wasnt allowed.. I dont like whats happening, not for lance, not for his team mates, but for most --->not for cycling... Come clean, win and be true to your selve
Alex Koller added this note
If Armstrong used doping in his TDF victories, how is it possible that he returns to the sport couple of years later ( being a much older man) finnishing 3rd ? So without doping, with aging problems, a team that's not even close to the supremacy of Motorola, using USADA logic >> Armstrong would not even be in the top 50 - that's how hard the world of cycling is. Armstrong = real deal
Alex Koller added this note
I wanted to defend Armstrong in this post, but 400 characters is obviously not gonna be enough to explain it all. Terrible comment section scribd !!

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