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Manila Standard Today - Friday (0ctober 12, 2012) Issue

Manila Standard Today - Friday (0ctober 12, 2012) Issue

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Print edition of Manila Standard Today for October 12, 2012
Print edition of Manila Standard Today for October 12, 2012

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Published by: Manila Standard Today on Oct 11, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/23/2013

 
D_NI @NJLI]N _LGGAZCGNDK D_NI @NJLI]N _LGGAZCGNDK
Ilu} xnjlIlu} xnjlIlu} xnjlIlu} xnjl
Tagaitntklm}a cndktoi }nu
Da`lgld }a mot~|ngofytlvli xns}y-got} jsa|xt
Coteax2 Njsnsoni slfas`xsajsn` n mot`ng fnog|sl
@lsngda dait|`lst tgn` cogg mlxato}@asl bllst'dellst fasxlndl mlngXsolt} jl}tt|txlimlmfas xagg com
 N}lila dgno`t <
}e
t}snoje} }o}gl
zzz)`niognt}nimnsm}amny)da` ‣ `t}H`t}nimnsm}amny)da`
]AMN_ 
 
T}nimnsm
 @niogn
Vag) UUVO Ia) 38= 38 Xnjlt' 4 Tld}oaitX>5)88 Fsomny' Ad}acls >3' 38>3
Tlin}l da|x xga}}nklt ai ilz gofl
@at}-fsolimgy do}y)
Xsltomli} N~|oia' nttot}lm cy XDDO xsltomli} @oj|lg Vnslgn nim Ni}aioa Gaxn' }el45}e denos`ni af }el 45}e Xeogoxxoil C|toiltt Daiflslidl' xsltli}lm }el 38>3 @at} C|toiltt-Fsolimgy GadngJavlsi`li} \io} Nznsm }a Dlc|' zea znt slxsltli}lm cy Dlc| Jav) Jzlimagyi Jnsdon' n} }el 45}e XCDdaiflslidl n} }el @niogn Ea}lg)
Den`xt njnoi)
N}lila dande Ias`ni Cgndk jl}t }el }snmo}oaing vod}asy soml nf}ls t}llsoij
}el Cg|l Lnjglt }a }elos ﬎f}e daitld|}ovl \NNX cntkl}cngg den`xoaiteox)
TAII_ LTXOSO]\
Cy Nglin @nl Fgaslt
N JSA\X af lgld}sodo}y dait|`-lst dngglm ai javlsi`li} slj|gn-}ast ai ]e|stmny }a t}ax }el @n-iogn Lgld}sod Da) `aiaxagy fsa`o`xgl`li}oij n eojels ‗cogg ml-
 xato}‐ }en} da`xniy af﬎dongt tnomza|gm cl slffild}lm oi }elos coggoij
fas Ad}acls)]el In}oaing Nttadon}oai af Lgld}sodo}y Dait|`lst fas Sl-fas`t tnom }el mlxato}' zeodetlsvlt nt tld|so}y njnoit} |ixnomcoggt' znt oggljng cldn|tl o} zntnsco}snsogy o`xatlm)‗Zl |sjl }el Lilsjy Slj|gn}asyDa``ottoai }a lulsdotl o}t xazlstcy mosld}oij @lsngda }a luxgnoi zeyia nm`oiot}sn}ovl xling}y tea|gm clo`xatlm as dso`oing nd}oai oit}o}|}-
lm njnoit} o}t mosld}ast nim af﬎dlst
fas }el voagn}oai'‐ Intldasl Xslto-mli} Xl}l Ognjni tnom)]el cogg mlxato} ot nia}els fll}ajl}els zo}e }el `l}ls mlxato} }en}dait|`lst xny zeli }ely nxxgyfas @lsngda daiild}oai) O} ot cntlmai }el dait|`lst‟ mldgnsn}oai af 
Cy @nsodlg V) Ds|r
]EL N~|oia nm`oiot}sn}oai‟tdsln}oai af n Cnijtn`asa xago}o-dng li}o}y }a sltagvl }el mldnmlt-
agm daiffiod} oi @oimnina znt ‗og-
gljng‐ nim ‗|idait}o}|}oaing'‐ ni
af﬎dong tnom ai ]e|stmny)
To~|obas Slx) Asgnima F|ntnom }el javlsi`li} enm iac|toiltt slin`oij }el N|}aia-`a|t Sljoai oi @|tgo` @oim-nina zo}ea|} slvotoij }el xsa-votoai oi }el Dait}o}|}oai }en}dsln}lm }el NS@@)‗Of }eot javlsi`li} zni}t}a denijl }el in`l' }en} dniaigy cl mail cy gnz) O} dniia}denijl }el NS@@ }a n t|c-t}n}l in`l'‐ F|n }agm }el @n-iogn T}nimnsm)‗A}elszotl' o}t dsln}oai znteojegy oggljng nim |idait}o}|-}oaing)‐F|n `nml eot t}n}l`li} lvli
Cy Baydl XnijdaXnþnslt nim @ndaiSn`at-Nsnil}n
XSLTOMLI] Cliojia N~|o-ia OOO dngglm ai gnz`nklst]e|stmny }a |io}l cleoim }eljavlsi`li}‟t vlstoai af }eltoi }nu cogg nf}ls }el Tlin}lcsa|je} mazi o}t xsabld}lmslvli|lt fsa` X46 coggoai }aaigy X>< coggoai)‗Zl nsl da|i}oij ai }eltagomnso}y af a|s gljotgn}ast oi}el toi }nu cogg' zeode dni aigy
o`xsavl a|s ﬎tdng to}|n}oai'‐
@s) N~|oia tnom ai ]e|stmny)‗Zo}e }el c|gk af }nu slv-li|lt jlilsn}lm fsa` }eot xsa-xatlm `lnt|sl jaoij }a |iovls-tng elng}e dnsl' zl zogg cl ncgl}a zomli nddltt }a nim o`xsavlelng}e tlsvodlt fas ngg'‐ }elXsltomli} tnom)DN]EAGOD coteaxt envl t|t-xlimlm n xsolt} oi @ntcn}l fasmotaclyoij asmlst fascommoij
eo` }a s|i fas xago}odng af﬎dl)
]el Dn}eagod Coteaxt Daifls-lidl af }el Xeogoxxoilt t}soxxlmGla Dntnt' 4:' af eot m|}olt nf}ls
el ﬎glm eot dnimomndy }a s|i fas 
javlsias af @ntcn}l)El znt }el tldaim xsolt} }acl t|txlimlm fas s|iioij fas nxago}odng xat} oi }el da|i}sy nf}lsLm Xnigogoa' zea znt to`ognsgy
Cy Vo}a Cnsdlga
]EL javlsi`li} njsnsoni sl-fas` xsajsn`' zeode znt lt}nc-gotelm oi >?55 }a xsavoml gnim }axaas nim gnimgltt fns`lst nim ottl} }a luxosl oi 38>=' znt ‗n mot-`ng fnog|sl'@niogn N|uogonsyCoteax Csamlsodk Xncogga tnomai ]e|stmny)
El tnom sldli} ﬎j|slt teazlm
}en} fsa` B|gy 38>8 }a N|j|t}38>3 aigy 3<<'<86eld}nslt enm cllimot}soc|}lm }afns`lst
nim }elos clil﬎donsolt a|} af }el
>'38?'346 eld}nslt tdelm|glmfas mot}soc|}oai)‗@oggoait af gnimgltt }ogglstzogg sl`noi gnimgltt) Zastl'}ea|tnimt af l`xgayllt af }el}el Mlxns}`li} af Njsnsoni Sl-fas` zogg taai cl bacgltt'‐ Xn-cogga tnom)]el gnim mot}soc|}oai xsa-jsn` znt lt}ncgotelm |imls}el Da`xslelitovl NjsnsoniSlfas` Gnz af >?55 |imls}el gn}l xsltomli} DasnraiN~|oia' `a}els af }el oid|`-cli} xsltomli})
Cy Balg L) R|scnia
N] GLNT] tlvli `asl xns}y-
got} jsa|xt zogg cl mot~|ngo﬎lm
}a baoi ilu} ylns‟t lgld}oait fasia} da`xgyoij zo}e }el gnz' nim}elos slxsltli}n}ovlt zogg envl}a glnvl Daijsltt' }el Lgld}oaitDa``ottoai tnom ai ]e|stmny)Lgld}oait Da``ottoaiDenos`ni Tou}a Csoggni}lt Bs)mom ia} in`l }el jsa|xt' c|}tnom eot njlidy `oje} da`l a|}
zo}e ni af﬎dong niia|idl`li}
ai @aimny)‗Zl nsl b|t} o`xgl`li}oijt}sod}gy zen} zl fllg ot }el das-sld} oi}lsxsl}n}oai af }el xns}y-got} tyt}l`'‐ Csoggni}lt tnom)‗O zogg cl vlsy dnimom oi tny-oij }en} zl zlsl `asl slgnulmzo}e }el s|glt oi }el xnt}' c|}iaz zl nsl t}sod}ls)‐Csoggni}lt `nml eot t}n}l`li}lvli nt Slx) Ngfslma Jnscoi Bs)tnom }en} Nka Codag' ail af }el >4xns}y-got} asjniorn}oait sldli}gy
mot~|ngo﬎lm cy }el Da`lgld'
za|gm tllk T|xsl`l Da|s} oi}ls-vli}oai }a cl sloit}n}lm)‗Zl nsl tnmmlilm cy }el fnd}}en} oi 38>8' }el tn`l Da`lgldenm nddslmo}lm NKC nt n sljoai-ng xago}odng xns}y' ot }el tn`l as-
jniorn}oai }en} ent ﬎glm }el ilzmot~|ngo﬎dn}oai dntl ludlx}
}en} }el da`xgnoini}t nsl ilz'‐Jnscoi tnom)Nka Codag da`xgnoilm }en}}el tlvli-`ni da``ottoai toi-jglm }el` a|})]el Da`lgld dnidlglm }el nd-dslmo}n}oai af Nka Codag nim >3a}els asjniorn}oait ai Ad}) >8)]el da``ottoailst' `ll}oij ntn jsa|x' va}lm 6-8 }a dnidlg Nka
Codag‟t nddslmo}n}oai nf}ls ﬎imoij
}en} o} znt n m|gy nddslmo}lm xago}-odng xns}y }en} oi}limlm }a s|i |i-mls }el xns}y-got} tyt}l` zo}ea|}slxsltli}oij niy xns}od|gns tld}as)]el Da`lgld sltag|}oai
ngta ia}lm }en} }el jsa|x‟t ﬎st}
ia`oill znt n c|toiltt`ni'
zeogl }el tldaim' }eosm nim ﬎f}e
Cy Xl}ls N}lidoa
N]LILA te|} mazi\iovlsto}y af Tni}a ]a`ntfas }esll `oi|}lt oi }el fa|s}e~|ns}ls nim }eli xa|idlm ai}za afflitovl `otd|lt mazi}el t}sl}de }a x|gg aff n 6<-
63 vod}asy nim dgno` o}t ﬎f}e
daitld|}ovl dsazi zo}e n 3-8tzllx oi }el :<}e \iovlsto}yN}egl}od Nttadon}oai af }elXeogoxxoilt `li‟t cntkl}cngg}a|sin`li} ]e|stmny n} }elT`ns} Nsnil}n Dagotl|`)Kolfls Snvlin dn`l |xzo}e 33 xaoi}t' oidg|moijtlvli oi }el gnt} >8 `oi|}ltfas }el Cg|l Lnjglt' zea ngta}aak Jn`l > zo}e ni 54-:5zoi n} }el T@ @ngg af NtonNslin)Snvlin‟t b|`xls njnoit}}el mlflitl af Dgnsk Cn|}ot}n
fa|im o}t `nsk oi }el ﬎ing
38)= tldaimt' jovoij N}lilan 6<-<? glnm' zeode \T]}so``lm }a b|t} }esll n} 63-6< nf}ls n }soxgl fsa` BlsodFa}|in zo}e ><)6 tldaimtglf})]el ]ojlst enm n denidl}a l~|ngorl nf}ls B|n`o
]oaijtai ffi|cclm ca}e af eot
fsllcolt' c|} Fas}|in da|gmi‟}slxln} eot g|dk fsa` clyaim}el nsd' zo}e }el fas`ls sl-mll`oij eo`tlgf cy daggns-oij }el gaatlcngg' nggazoij}el Lnjglt }a ltdnxl zo}e }elzoi' zeode znt ndeolvlm cl-fasl n tln af cg|l nim ylggazdsazm af 38'>56)‗O momi‟} ma o}' }el xgny-lst mom) C|} }amny znt njsln} jn`l) O} da|gm envljail lo}els zny mazi }elt}sl}de' |igokl oi ta`l af }el xnt} jn`lt' zelsl lnde}ln` znt ai n s|i'‐ tnomIas`ni Cgndk' }el Lnjglt‟dande fas }el gnt} loje}ylnst' c|} zai‟} cl nsa|imilu} tlntai nt el zogg `avlai }a `li}as ]ngk ―I ]lu}oi }el Xeogoxxoil Cntkl}cnggNttadon}oai)Aigy >4 va}lt nsl sl~|oslm}a sl`avl Lisogl nt Tlin}lxsltomli})Lisogl znt |invnogncgl fasda``li} ]e|stmny' c|} enm lns-gols tnom el znt zoggoij }a t}lxmazi niy}o`l nim }|si avls eotxato}oai }a niy tlin}as zea da|gm`|t}ls n `nbaso}y af }el va}lt)El ngta ndkiazglmjlm }en}ia} ngg tlin}ast zlsl enxxy zo}eeot `ninjl`li} af }el Tlin}l)S|`ast af n xattocgl t|d-dlttas fad|tlm ai Goclsng Xns-}y Tlin}as Fsnikgoi Msogai' nt}n|ide nggy af Xsltomli} Clio-jia N~|oia OOO' ng}ea|je o} znt|idglns of lia|je tlin}ast t|x-xas}lm eot glnmlsteox)Msogai mliolm oivagvl`li}oi niy n}}l`x} }a a|t} Lisogl)
Cy @ndai Sn`at-Nsnil}n
ILZ da|x s|`ast tzosglm nsa|im}el Tlin}l ai ]e|stmny' zo}e
|idai﬎s`lm slxas}t tnyoij ><
tlin}ast enm njsllm }a a|t} Tlin}lXsltomli} B|ni Xaidl Lisogl n} n`ll}oij Zlmiltmny ioje})
Coj teal }a ﬎gg)
N xsa`linmls xatlt fas n ta|vlios xea}a oitoml n joni}teal fsa` @nsokoin n} }el ^|lrai Do}y Engg' zeode elgm ni luxato}oai ai]e|stmny)
@NII_ XNG@LSA
Lisogl }nsjl} af a|t}ls `avl
Ilu} xnjlIlu} xnjlIlu} xnjl]|si }a N>8
 
D_NI @NJLI]N _LGGAZCGNDKD_NI @NJLI]N _LGGAZCGNDKD_NI @NJLI]N _LGGAZCGNDKD_NI @NJLI]N _LGGAZCGNDKD_NI @NJLI]N _LGGAZCGNDKD_NI @NJLI]N _LGGAZCGNDKD_NI @NJLI]N _LGGAZCGNDKD_NI @NJLI]N _LGGAZCGNDKD_NI @NJLI]N _LGGAZCGNDKD_NI @NJLI]N _LGGAZCGNDKD_NI @NJLI]N _LGGAZCGNDKD_NI @NJLI]N _LGGAZCGNDK D_NI @NJLI]N _LGGAZCGNDKD_NI @NJLI]N _LGGAZCGNDKD_NI @NJLI]N _LGGAZCGNDKD_NI @NJLI]N _LGGAZCGNDKD_NI @NJLI]N _LGGAZCGNDKD_NI @NJLI]N _LGGAZCGNDKD_NI @NJLI]N _LGGAZCGNDKD_NI @NJLI]N _LGGAZCGNDKD_NI @NJLI]N _LGGAZCGNDKD_NI @NJLI]N _LGGAZCGNDKD_NI @NJLI]N _LGGAZCGNDKD_NI @NJLI]N _LGGAZCGNDK
 Ilzt
 
 @niogn
T}nimnsm]amny 
`t})mnymltkHj`nog)da`
AD]ACLS >3' 38>3FSOMN_
 N3
@lsngda)))
dait|`x}oai nim }el nxxgonidltel zogg |tl oi eot ea|tl)N @lsngda ia}odl tnom }elnvlsnjl `ai}egy cogg fas }elxnt} >3 `ai}et za|gm tlsvl nt}el cntot fas }el cogg mlxato}) Of }el oio}ong cogg mlxato} ot gazls}eni }el nvlsnjl `ai}egy dai-t|`x}oai' }el dait|`ls zogg cl
sl~|oslm }a xny }el ml﬎do}' ‗as 
zl zogg cl dait}snoilm }a mot-daiild} ya|s tlsvodl zo}ea|}f|s}els ia}odl)‐Ognjni tnom @lsngda voagn}lm}el gnz cldn|tl o} fnoglm }a jovl
dait|`lst ‗m|l xsadltt‐ zeli
o} nsco}snsogy o`xatlm }el oi-dslntl ai }el cogg mlxato}t)
‗Zen} @lsngda illmt ot n
slj|gn}asy n|mo} }a ml}ls`oilzel}els o} mltlsvlt ni oidslntl asmldslntl fas }en} `n}}ls'‐ el tnom)Ognjni tnom }el d|t}a`ls coggmlxato}t lnsilm nii|ng oi}lslt}nim @lsngda fnoglm }a oifas`d|t}a`lst af niy oidslntl aindda|i} af }el nii|ng oi}lslt}ndd|`|gn}lm avls }el ylnst)
‗@lsngda ent fnoglm }a oifas`
o}t `asl }eni fa|s `oggoai dai-t|`lst af }elos soje} }a n slf|imai cogg mlxato}t }en} nggazt n d|t-}a`ls zea ent xnom eot lgld}sodcoggt ai as clfasl m|l mn}l fas}esll daitld|}ovl ylnst }a ml-`nim fas }el f|gg slf|im af }elmlxato} lvli xsoas }a }ls`oin}oaiaf eot tlsvodl'‐ Ognjni tnom)LSD Luld|}ovl Mosld}asFsnidot Tn}|sioia B|ni tnom
@lsngda af﬎dongt zlsl t|`-
`ailm ai ]e|stmny }a luxgnoi}el oidslntl oi }el cogg mlxato}tcldn|tl af }el ensmteox }eatlda|gm dn|tl }a dait|`lst)
‗LSD ot dajiorni} af }el
ensmteoxt dn|tlm cy @lsngda‟to`xgl`li}n}oai af }el nmb|t}-
`li} }a }el cogg mlxato}t) Zl
dngglm @lsngda }a motd|tt }el`n}}ls nim motd|tt eaz }eltlensmteoxt dni cl `o}ojn}lm of ia} nvaomlm'‐ Tn}|sioia tnom)
Da`lgld)))
ia`oillt zlsl ngg gnzylst nim }el fa|s}e ia`oill zntni axe}eng`agajot})
‗Nt }a eaz gnzylst' c|toiltt`li nim axe}eng-`agajot}t nsl `nsjoingorlm nim |imlsslxsltli}lm
ot ia} teazi cy Nka Codag nim o}t ia`oillt'‐ }elDa`lgld tnom)Sldli}gy' Csoggni}lt tnom }el Da`lgld za|gm clt}sod}ls oi tdsllioij xns}y-got} jsa|xt nim }elos ia`o-
illt }a xslvli} ~|lt}oaincgl asjniorn}oait nim oimo-
vom|ngt fsa` nc|toij }el tyt}l`)El tnom }el da``ottoai `|t} omli}ofy }eatl zea
}s|gy slxsltli}lm }el da|i}sy‟t `nsjoingorlm nim |i-
mlsxsovogljlm tld}ast)
‗]el da``ai mlia`oin}as znt }el gndk af tld}as 
slxsltli}n}oai as `|g}o-tld}as slxsltli}n}oai' cldn|tl}el xato}oai af }el da``ottoai ot }en} zeli ya| slxsl-tli} `asl }eni ail tld}as' ya|‟sl nd}|nggy slxsltli}oijlvlsycamy' oi zeode dntl ya| fngg |imls }el slj|gns dai-jslttoaing mot}sod}'‐ Csoggni}lt tnom)
 Zo}e Fgaslidoa X) Inso}a
Tagait)))
]el javlsi`li} lnsgols ntklmTlin}as Sngxe Sld}a' denos`niaf }el da``o}}ll ai znyt nim
`lnit' }a ‗sl`lmy‐ eot vlstoai af 
}el cogg }en} }nsjl}t aigy X>< cog-goai oi slvli|lt fsa` }el oidslntloi }nult ai dojnsl}}lt nim ngdaeag-od xsam|d}t)
‗Dls}noigy' zen} zl zni} ot
fas }el toi }nu `lnt|sl }a jlilsn}leojels slvli|lt ta zl dni f|ima|s |iovlstng elng}e dnsl davls-njl'‐ xsltomli}ong txaklt`ni Lm-zoi Gndolsmn tnom)El ngta slbld}lm Sld}a‟t dgno`}en} oidslntoij }el }nu ai }el ta-dngglm toi xsam|d}t }a }el glvlgx|telm cy }el javlsi`li} za|gmkogg }el }acndda oim|t}sy)
‗Cntlm ai }el luxlsolidl af 
a}els Ta|}elnt} Ntnoi in}oait'lvli of toi }nult nsl oidslntlm'
slvli|l sl`noit eoje) Zl envl
dls}noi t}n}ot}odng luxlsolidltcntlm ai a|s Ta|}elnt} Ntoniilojecast'‐ el tnom)Sld}a fnvast n }esll-}ols}nu tyt}l` fas dojnsl}}lt' ~|o}lto`ogns }a }el xsaxatngt af }el}acndda da`xniolt nim dai}snsy}a }el Ea|tl-nxxsavlm }za-}olst}s|d}|sl)]el Foinidl Mlxns}`l entxsabld}lm X68)64-coggoai oi nmmo-}oaing slvli|l fsa` }el ilz toi
}nu cogg oi o}t ﬎st} ylns af o`xgl-
`li}n}oai)C|} Ea|tl Cogg <:3: zn}lslm}en} mazi }a X48 coggoai' zo}e X3=coggoai tl} fas }el javlsi`li}‟t|iovlstng elng}e dnsl xsajsn`)Sld}a tnom }el Tlin}l fas`|gn
znt ‗slngot}od nim sltxaitocgl)‐‗]a }eatl zea za|gm ~|odkgy
gnclg a|s xsaxatng nt n zn}lslm-
mazi vlstoai' }eot oti‟}) Zl b|t}
eatlm mazi xsa`otlt af zoimfngg}nu slvli|lt }en} zlsl cntlm aizsaijf|g ntt|`x}oait'‐ el tnom)El ngta mot`ottlm n dngg fsa`}el cogg‟t `noi n|}eas' Tlin}as@oson` Mlflitas Tni}onja' fas nx|cgod dn`xnoji njnoit} }el Sld-}a da``o}}ll‟t vlstoai af }el cogg)
‗]elsl ot ia illm fas zns) B|t}
oi}lsxlggn}l nim xsaxatl n`lim-`li}t nim va}l'‐ Sld}a tnom)
‗Zl‟sl axli }a n`lim`li}t)‐
Eazlvls' Sld}a `noi}noilm}en} }el Tlin}l vlstoai af }el coggznt mltojilm }a motda|snjl t`|j-jgoij nim oggodo} }snml' zeode lu-xls}t envl znsilm njnoit})El tnom }en}' cntlm ai }el da`-`o}}ll‟t nxxsldon}oai af }el mn}n'}el javlsi`li} za|gm gatl X488`oggoai |imls }el Ea|tl vlstoaiaf }el toi }nu cogg)Lnsgols' Tni}onja tnom tel znt
‗jact`ndklm nim txlldegltt oin`nrl`li}‐ n} }el da``o}}ll
slxas})
‗O} clnst ia sldajiorncgl sl-
tl`cgnidl }a `y cogg) O} ot ni nc- bld} t|sslimls }a }el vlsy sode nimvlsy xazlsf|g }acndda nim ngda-eag gaccy'‐ Tni}onja tnom)Tel dngglm Sld}a‟t vlstoai af 
}el `lnt|sl ‗}el Mln}e T}ns cogg)‐‗Zeli dojnsl}}lt nim go~|as 
nsl delnx' `asl xlaxgl zogg |tl}el`) ]el Xeogoxxoilt ngslnmy entail af }el gazlt} xsodlt af dojn-sl}}lt nim ngdaeag oi Ta|}elnt}Nton) ]en}‟t zey fas lvlsy ea|s'>8 Fogoxoiat mol fsa` }acndda |tl)T`akoij dn|tlt 3=8 mln}et lvlsytoijgl mny'‐ tel tnom)C|} Tlin}as Flsmoinim @nsdatBs)' zea da`lt fsa` }el }acndda-jsazoij Ias}e' zlgda`lm Sld-}a‟t vlstoai af }el cogg' dnggoij o}
‗slntaincgl nim slngot}od)
Sld}a ngta mslz t|xxas} fsa`ni nggonidl af gnz`nklst fsa` }elIas}e)Gn \ioai Slx) Vod}as As}ljn af Gn \ioai' }el nggonidl xsltomli}' tnom}en} }el Sld}a vlstoai dngglm fasn xsaxas}oaing oidslntl af ludotl}nu ai dojnsl}}l nim ngdaeag xsam-
|d}t }en} znt ‗ia} }aa ncs|x})‐‗O n` ia} mlflimoij t`ak-
oij) O n` }syoij }a tll }el o`xnd}[af }el ilz }nult aiP fns`lst oiOgadat' zelsl }acndda ot }el `noidsax) Of }ely gatl }en} o} zogg cl ncoj cgaz'‐ As}ljn tnom)\imls }el d|ssli} toi }nu gnz'}nult nsl snotlm cntlm ai }el >??6xsodlt af dojnsl}}lt nim ngdaeagxsam|d}t)]el xnttnjl af }el cogg ot ailaf }el sl~|osl`li}t tl} cy dslmo}sn}oij njlidolt }a jovl }el da|i}syni oivlt}`li} jsnml t}n}|t)
Zo}e@nsodlg Ds|r
Coteax)))
A}els }eni gnim mot}soc|}oai'o} no`lm }a o`xsavl govlt oi }els|sng nslnt }esa|je l~|o}ncglgnim azilsteox) MNS zogg clncagotelm oi 38>=)Xncogga' elnm af }el In}oai-ng Tldsl}nson} fas Tadong Nd-}oai' B|t}odl nim Xlndl af }elDn}eagod Coteaxt Daiflslidlaf }el Xeogoxxoilt' tnom }eljavlsi`li} znt ia} tlsoa|t oio`xgl`li}oij njsnsoni slfas`cntlm ai o}t xlsfas`nidl)El tnom }el njsnsoni slfas`gnz nggadn}lm n }a}ng af X><8 cog-
goai fas ﬎vl ylnst }a }el xsajsn`
as X48 coggoai n ylns' c|} MNS‟tc|mjl} oi 38>> znt aigy X>5coggoai' X3> coggoai fas 38>3 nimX3>): coggoai fas 38>4' nim toidl388? aigy X:6 coggoai' as engf af }el }a}ng c|mjl}' ent clli txli})
‗]el |imlstxlimoij cy }el
javlsi`li} xsavlt }en} }eljavlsi`li} ot ia} tlsoa|t oio`xgl`li}oij }el xsajsn`nim mom ia} daitomls o} nt nxsoaso}y'‐ Xncogga tnom)El tnom }el ncago}oai af MNSznt ogg-nmvotlm cldn|tl af }elcndkgaj oi gnim mot}soc|}oai'nim o} zogg ma `asl ens` }enijaam }a njsnsoni slfas`)Xncogga dngglm ai N~|oia }asl}noi MNS nim x|} ta`lcamy
n} }el elg` ‗zea ent }el zogg'
elns} nim tkoggt }a `ninjl nimo`xgl`li} }el xsajsn`)‐
‗Of }el xsacgl` oi o`xgl-
`li}n}oai ot }el zaskganm ascndkgaj' }eli }elsl tea|gmcl oidslntlm t|xxas} }a }elxlstaiilg fas jsln}ls lffo-dolidy) Of }el xsacgl` ot gndk af c|mjl}' }eli o} tea|gm cloidslntlm'‐ Xncogga tnom)
‗Of }el xsacgl` ot zo}e xago-
dolt' n`lim }el`) Of }el xsacgl`ot oi }el glnmlsteox))) slxgndl }elglnmlsteox zo}e ta`lail zea
dni lit|sl `asl lf﬎doli} o`xgl-
`li}n}oai af }el Njsnsoni Sl-fas` Xsajsn`'‐ el tnom)
Xsolt})))
t|txlimlm nf}ls fogoij eot dnimomndy fas javls-ias af Xn`xnijn oi 388:)@ntcn}l Coteax Batl Cni}aga tnom Dntntza|gm sl`noi t|txlimlm nt gaij nt el znt oixago}odt)
‗Lffld}ovl Ad}acls >' 38>3' Fs) Gla ot t|t-
xlimlm af eot `oiot}lsong f|id}oait' xazlst nimm|}olt nt xsolt}'‐ Cni}aga tnom oi n t}n}l`li})Dntnt `ny ia} nm`oiot}ls tndsn`li}t oi eotxnsote as lgtlzelsl oi }el da|i}sy' el tnom)
‗]el De|sde dai}oi|lt }a `noi}noi }en} }el
javlsinidl af xago}odng gofl ot }el sagl af }elgno}y'‐ Cni}aga tnom)
‗Ngg xsolt}t nsl t|txlimlm fsa` }elos `oiot}l-
song m|}olt zeli }ely s|i fas x|cgod affodl nimas xgny ni nd}ovl' axli nim xns}otni sagl m|soijlgld}oait)‐Dntnt znt asmnoilm oi 3883 nim }eli nttojilmnt xnsadeong vodns oi }el xnsotelt af @nimnai'Dn}elmsng nim @ognjsat) Oi Iavl`cls 38>> elznt nxxaoi}lm xnsadeong nm`oiot}sn}as af }elT}) Batlxe Xnsote' @ognjsat)Dntnt znt zaskoij nt mosld}as af }el Moadl-tni Da``ottoai ai Tadong Nd}oai' zeode lvli-}|nggy znt slin`lm Dnso}nt @ntcn}l Fa|imn-}oai Oid)' clfasl el znt t|txlimlm)
Goijnyli-Mnj|xni Nsdecoteax Atdns Ds|r
tnom o} `oje} cl moffod|g} fas Dntnt nim Xnigogoa}a sl}|si }a }el xsolt}eaam)El tnom }el dglsjy`li s|iioij fas x|cgod af-fodl enm n `lttoniod da`xglu)
‗Zeogl De|sde gnz nggazt n sl}|si }a }el
xsolt}eaam ai xnxls' }el sldasm af xsolt}t nd}|-nggy nggazlm cndk }a }el fagm ot ia} lida|snj-oij'‐ el tnom)
‗Xsolt}t envl ia xgndl oi xago}odt)‐
Vo}a Cnsdlga
@asl)))
nt @ngndnþnij ai ]e|stmnyt|xxas}lm T|g| Jav) Tnk|s]ni‟t nxxlng }a }el @asa In-}oaing Goclsn}oai Fsai} ia} }amldgnsl zns nf}ls o}t denos`ni'I|s @ot|nso' tnom }el javlsi-`li}‟t xlndl njsll`li} zo}e}el @asa Otgn`od Goclsn}oaiFsai} znt ni oit|g} }a }el`)
Ai Zlmiltmny' @ot|nso tnom
}el Cnijtn`asa li}o}y }en }el@OGF ta|je} }a lt}ncgote zntn voagn}oai af t tlsolt af njsll-`li}t }en} }el javlsi`li}tojilm zo}e }el @IGF nim }en}
zlsl csaklslm cy }el Asjniorn-
}oai af Otgn`od Daiflslidl)Mltxo}l }el `otjovoijt avls}el javlsi`li}‟t mlng zo}e }el@OGF' }el javlsi`li} nim }en}jsa|x zogg ai @aimny toji }elFsn`lzask Njsll`li} }en} zogg
 cl |tlm oi }el javlsi`li}‟t ﬎ing
xlndl njsll`li} zo}e }el @OGF)Oi }el Tlin}l' Tlin}as FsnidotXnijogoini |sjlm }el javlsi`li}}a dai}oi|l }ngkoij zo}e }el Da`-`|iot} Xns}y af }el Xeogoxxoiltnim }el Ilz Xlaxgl‟t Ns`y' o}tns`lm zoij)
‗Zl tea|gm kllx x|teoij |i}og
zl ndeolvl xlndl ai ngg fsai}t'‐Xnijogoini tnom)
‗A|s xlaxgl mltlsvl ia gltt)‐
F|n tnom }el slxas}t slndeoijta`l gnz`nklst zlsl tnyoij}en} }el fsn`lzask njsll`li}za|gm oidg|ml }el dsln}oai af nxnsgon`li}nsy fas` af javlsi-`li} fas }el @OGF' zelsl o}tslxsltli}n}ovlt za|gm dsln}l nda`xato}l camy envoij o}t azigljotgn}|sl nim lgld} }elos xso`l`oiot}ls)
‗N xnsgon`li}nsy fas` af jav-
lsi`li} oi n slx|cgodni t}n}l otia} oi nddasmnidl zo}e }el Dai-t}o}|}oai'‐ F|n tnom)
‗]el NS@@ ot xns} af }el
Xeogoxxoil t}n}l) _a| dniia} tlx-nsn}l }eot t}n}l fsa` }el Xeogox-xoil t}n}l)‐Xsltomli}ong Nmvotls ai }elXlndl Xsadltt ]lslto}n ^|oi-}at-Mlglt nim @nsvod Glaili'}el javlsi`li}‟t glnm ilja-}on}as' enm lnsgols tnom }en} }elCnijtn`asa' zeode znt }a sl-xgndl }el NS@@' za|gm ia} cln t|c-t}n}l)]ely lvli tnom }en} nggaz-oij }el ilz n|}aia`a|t sljoai
}a fas` n ‗`oiot}lsong‐ fas` af 
javlsi`li} za|gm ia} sl~|osln`lim`li}t }a }el Dait}o}|}oai)
Javlsi`li} af﬎dongt envl ngta
tnom }en} aigy n javlsias nim ia}n xso`l `oiot}ls zogg cl lgld}lmnt elnm af }el Cnijtn`asa t}n}l)T}ogg' F|n ma|c}lm }en} }el jav-lsi`li}‟t fsn`lzask njsll`li}zo}e }el @asa Otgn`od Goclsn}oaiFsai} za|gm glnm }a gnt}oij xlndloi @oimina)El mltdsoclm }el fsn`lzask 
njsll`li} nt ‗movotovl‐ nim ‗dai-
f|toij'‐ tnyoij }el dsln}oai af nCnijtn`asa t}n}l znt }ni}n`a|i}}a dsln}oij n cl}}ls ns`lm nim`asl voagli} cslnknzny jsa|x)Ogaoga Slx) Blssy ]slint' niN~|oia nggy' |sjlm }el dso}odt af }el Fsn`lzask Njsll`li} }asnggy cleoim }el lffas}t }a lim }el
dydgl af daiffiod}t oi @oimnina)h‗Zl tea|gm t|xxas} }el
Fsn`lzask njsll`li} ai }elCnijtn`asa tojilm cl}zlli}el javlsi`li} nim }el @asaOtgn`od Goclsn}oai Fsai} oiK|ngn G|`x|s' ]slint tnom oi nt}n}l`li})
‗]el slngorn}oai af xlndl cl-
}zlli }el @|tgo` slclgt nim }el
in}oaing javlsi`li} zogg ml﬎-
io}lgy }snitgn}l }a xago}odng nim
ldaia`od xsa﬎}t fas ngg Fogoxoiat
nim }el in}oaing nt n zeagl)‐
Zo}e @ndai Sn`at-Nsnil}n
Tlin}l)))
‗Aidl nim fas ngg' O mliy }en}
O n` oivagvlm oi niy lffas} }adenijl Tlin}as Lisogl) Ia t|de}eoij) O kiaz zelsl }eot s|`as otda`oij fsa`) O}‟t ia} fsa` `l'nim O motnvaz niy oi}li}oai }a sl-xgndl [LisoglP'‐ el tnom)El tnom n `ll}oij }en} }elXsltomli} enm zo}e tlin}ast oi }el
Xngndl znt n clgn}lm ‗}enik ya|‐
moiils fas }elos t|xxas} m|soij }elo`xlnde`li} }song af Deolf B|t-}odl Slin}a Dasain)
‗O} znt n vlsy dasmong' tadong
moiils) Ia gljotgn}ovl njlimn zntmotd|ttlm'‐ el tnom)Oi n tlxnsn}l oi}lsvolz' Tlin}l@nbaso}y Glnmls Vodli}l Ta}}a OOOtnom }elsl zlsl ia tojit }en} Li-sogl za|gm cl a|t}lm)El nmmlm }en} aigy Tlin}as Ni-}aioa ]soggnilt OV znt motdai}li}-lm zo}e Lisogl‟t glnmlsteox)]soggnilt' n fas`ls `ogo}nsy af-
﬎dong zea glm tlvlsng fnoglm da|x
n}}l`x}t njnoit} }el Nssaya nm-`oiot}sn}oai' ent vazlm el zoggia} t}ax |i}og Lisogl ot sl`avlmfsa` eot xato}oai)C|} tlin}ast tnom n da|x oi}el Tlin}l za|gm ia} t|ddllm cl-
dn|tl }ely enm dai﬎mlidl oi Li-
sogl‟t glnmlsteox)Oi ni lnsgols oi}lsvolz zo}e sl-xas}lst' ]soggnilt nm`o}}lm el zntcleoim }el xgni }a |itln} Lisogl'zea` el mltdsoclm nt n c|ggy)El oitot}lm Lisogl gat} eot `asngn|}easo}y }a glnm }el Tlin}l zeliel dai}oi|lm }a daggncasn}l zo}efas`ls Xsltomli} Jgason @ndnxn-jng Nssaya }a xntt n cogg }a movomlDn`nsoilt T|s)Lisogl nim Nssaya ca}e mliolm]soggnilt‟ densjl)M|soij }el moiils oi @ngn-
dninij Xngndl ai Zlmiltmny'}el Xsltomli} nim Lisogl ‗}ngklm n
ga}'‐ Ta}}a tnom)
Tlin}as ]la﬎t}a J|oijain OOO
ngta mot`ottlm }el da|x }ngk' tny-oij }el Xngndl moiils znt b|t}
‗ail af }eatl tadong jn}elsoijt)‐
Tlin}as Flsmoinim @nsdatBs) }agm slxas}lst el znt t|sxsotlmzeli el znt ntklm nca|} n xat-tocgl Tlin}l da|x)
‗Zl envl clli elnsoij nca|}
}eltl }eoijt toidl clfasl }el o`-xlnde`li} nim O mai‟} kiaz of o}‟tda`oij }a n elnm) O mai‟} kiaz) Omai‟} }eoik }elsl ot n xga} |imls-zny) @nycl O‟` a|} af }el gaax'‐elt tnom)El tnom }el aigy ail zea znta|}txakli }a denijl }el glnmls-teox znt ]soggnilt)N ta|sdl tnom >? tlin}ast zlslxsltli} oi }el moiils n} }el Xngndl)Aigy Tlin}ast @oson` MlflitasTni}onja' Bakls Nssaya' @nsdat'N~|ogoia Xo`li}lg OOO nim FsnidotLtd|mlsa zlsl ia} xsltli})
‗Tni}onja' Nssaya nim @ns-dat zlsl ia} oivo}lm) Nt fas Deor
[Ltd|mlsaP' el znt ia} nsa|imcldn|tl el znt dlglcsn}oij eotcos}emny) Kaka [Xo`li}lgP znta|} af }el da|i}sy'‐ }el ta|sdltnom)@ngndnþnij tnom o} znt ia}nznsl af niy xgnit }a a|t} Lisogl)
‗O envl ia oifas`n}oai ai }en}'‐
xsltomli}ong txaklt`ni LmzoiGndolsmn tnom zeli ntklm nca|}fslte xgnit }a |itln} Lisogl)Gnt} `ai}e' }el Goclsng Xns}y
mliolm n|}easoroij n da|x njnoit}
Lisogl' tnyoij }el vlsy omln znt
‗xslxat}lsa|t)‐‗O} ot nctag|}lgy ia} }s|l) Oi }el﬎st} xgndl' zey za|gm zl ma }en}
}a Tlin}l Xsltomli} B|ni XaidlLisogl zea ent xsavli }a cl nslgoncgl nggy af }el Xsltomli}1‐C|mjl} Tldsl}nsy Fgaslidoa Ncnmtnom oi sltxaitl }a }el a|t}ls dnggt`nml cy ]soggnilt)Gndolsmn lnsgols tnom }en} }elXngndl zni}lm Lisogl }a sl`noi ntTlin}l Xsltomli})Nia}els txaklt`ni' Da`-`|iodn}oait Tldsl}nsy Sn`ai
Dnsnimnij' tnom Zlmiltmny‟tmoiils znt n ‗tadong moiils‐ }en}
gnt}lm dgatl }a `omioje})
‗O} znt n tadong moiils) ]elsl
znt ia njlimn'‐ Dnsnimnij tnom)Msogai mltdsoclm }el jn}els-
oij nt n ‗}enik ya| moiils }en}
}el Xsltomli} jnvl }a }el tlin}astzea zlsl vlsy t|xxas}ovl m|soij}el o`xlnde`li} }song)‐
Zeogl }el n}}limllt dgno`lm
}elsl znt ia}eoij dai}savlstongnca|} }el moiils' o} znt n mofflsli}t}asy fas @s) N~|oia‟t }sox cndk }aCneny Xnijnsnx nf}ls }el tadongtn} }el Xngndl)N ms|ik `a}asot} znt nsslt}lmfas }syoij }a d|} }el xsltomli}ongdaivay nt o} glf} }el Xngndl nf}ls}el moiils)]el `a}asot}' @nsk Eniaxag'}lt}lm xato}ovl fas ngdaeag zeliel znt csa|je} }a }el Atxo}ng ij@nyiogn fas `lmodng lun`oin}oai)]el 3=-ylns-agm xens`ndl|-}odng slxsltli}n}ovl znt nxxsl-elimlm cy `l`clst af }el Xslt-omli}ong Tld|so}y Jsa|x nf}ls eotvleodgl ng`at} ja} dgatl }a @s)N~|oia‟t dns)El znt tgnxxlm zo}e densjlt af sldkgltt msovoij nim msovoij |i-
mls }el oiffi|lidl)
Zo}e Baydl Xnijda Xnþnslt
Ilz nmmsltt)
]el Oi}lsoas Mlxns}`li} nim }el In}oaing Xagodl Da``ottoai zogg taai }snitfls }a }elos ilz
af﬎dl c|ogmoij ai Lmtn nim ^|lrai Nvli|l oi ^|lrai Do}y) @NII_ XNG@LSA
 
AD]ACLS >3' 38>3FSOMN_
 N4
 
 Ilzt
 
 @niogn
T}nimnsm]amny 
`t})mnymltkHj`nog)da`
D_NI @NJLI]N _LGGAZCGNDKD_NI @NJLI]N _LGGAZCGNDKD_NI @NJLI]N _LGGAZCGNDKD_NI @NJLI]N _LGGAZCGNDKD_NI @NJLI]N _LGGAZCGNDKD_NI @NJLI]N _LGGAZCGNDKD_NI @NJLI]N _LGGAZCGNDKD_NI @NJLI]N _LGGAZCGNDKD_NI @NJLI]N _LGGAZCGNDKD_NI @NJLI]N _LGGAZCGNDKD_NI @NJLI]N _LGGAZCGNDKD_NI @NJLI]N _LGGAZCGNDK
@oimnina cgnt}t2 ]lssas s|glm a|}
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@l`clst af }el Xeogoxxoil Osai nim T}llgOit}o}|}l nsl zaimlsoij of }el C|sln| af D|t}a`t entmlgoclsn}lgy ojiaslm ni ngls}fsa` XOTO nca|} n `otmldgnslmteox`li} af xso`l ilzgy ea}-sagglm t}llg t~|nsl cnst }en}nssovlm n} }el Ta|}e Enscasfsa` Deoin ai cansm @V DelijTeni Zlo) XOTO dgno`t }en}}el teox`li} ot `otmldgnslmnt t~|nsl cnst zeli }elynsl nd}|nggy t}llg coggl}t) ]elt}llg dnsja znt |iganmlm aiZlmiltmny zo}ea|} niy dglnsmlt}oin}oai)
Foteoij cni)
Dant} J|nsm‟t nd}oai dli}ls mosld}as Mnsyg Vnsjnt xaoi}t }a slt}sod}lm nslnt oi }el Xeogoxxoilt tln zelsl ‗IaFoteoij‐ nim ‗Ia Fgy‐ railt nsl cloij lifasdlm |i}og Ad}) 36 nf}ls Ta|}e Kasln tengg envl gn|idelm o}t }lt} sadkl})
MNII_ XN]N
Da|s} |xeagmtfsllrl asmlsai @ljn}ln`Xndknjoij
﬎s` t|lm
}zodl fas}nu fsn|m
Va}lst }agm2 Nvaom }el s|te
Slds|o}lst znsilmia} }a mlxgay `oiast@oimasa jovoij Jlitni n s|i fas o}t `aily
T|ct}o}|}l cogg ai K->3 AKm
Xagodl nim gadng af﬎dongt s|glm a|}}lssas n}}ndk' lvli nf}ls nia}els @asajsa|x glm cy I|s @ot|nso axxatlm }el xlndl xnd} nt n `ot}nkl nim znsilm af |islt} oi @oimnina)]el Dnjnyni ml Asa ca`c' ni o` xsavotlm mlvodl' luxgamlm oifsai} af nea}lg' koggoij }za dovogonit nim za|imoij }za xagodl`li' nddasmoij }a Tlioas T|x}) Jlsnsma Satnglt) Oi Rn` canijn Toc|jny' n >=ylnsagm cay zntza|imlm oi }el cgnt} n} n jns`li} teaxzo}eoi} n da``lsdong da`xglu oi Xacgndoai O`lgmn)Sljoaing xagodl mosld}as Jog Eo}atottnom }el `a}ovl fas }el ca`c n}}ndk ai@nunimsln Ea}lg da|gm cl n xlstaingjs|mjl)‗Zl envl ia tagom lvomlidl }a daiild} }el ca`coij zo}e niy jsa|x) ]el ca`c znt xgni}lm ai }el toml nim fsai}nsln af }el ea}lg' ta zl nsl gaakoij oi}an js|mjl zo}e }el ea}lg `ninjl`li}'‐Eo}atot tnom)El da|gm ia} tny zey }el ca`c znt xgni}lm ai }el vleodgl af n @niogn cntlm ]V il}zask)Eo}atot ngta mot`ottlm }ngk }el ca`cn}}ndk znt goiklm }a }el xlndl xsadltt cl}zlli }el javlsi`li} nim }el @asa
Cy Sacls} N) Lvasn
@N@C\SNA”Fndoij}el ﬎tesode Zlt} XeogoxxoilTln' }eot xns} af }el otgnim xsavoidl eagmt n dnimgl }aJlilsng Tni}at Do}y)‗]elsl‟t n jsln} xa}li}ongfas Addomli}ng @oimasa' xns}od|gnsgy @n`c|sna' }a cl }elilu} }|in dnxo}ng'‐ tnom Nttot}ni} Sljoaing Mosld}as Sagnima @osnimn' af }el SljoaiOVC‟t C|sln| af Fotelsoltnim N~|n}od Slta|sdlt)‗]el ilz `ojsn}oai af }elylggaz ﬎it' zeatl zloje}snijlt fsa` 58 }a >88 kogat'ot dn|je} oi }el zn}lst af @oimasa T}sno}' |toij enimgoil cy gadng ﬎tels`li)‐Fslte nim fsarli }|in znt}el }ax luxas} af @oimninazo}e n fsloje}aicansm vng|laf -4>> coggoai 38>8' l`xgayoij nca|} >88'888 xlaxgl fas ﬎teoij' dniioij' xsadlttoijnim n|uogonsy tlsvodlt' nddasmoij }a njlidy sldasmt)@nbas c|ylst nsl }el \io}lm T}n}lt' L|saxlni \ioainim Bnxni)@osnimn tnom }el c|sln|znt }sndoij }el ‗ilz }|ineojezny‐ ai ldatyt}l` |xmn}lt oi }el sljoai }en} oidg|mlt @nsoim|~|l' @ntcn}l'Sa`cgai nim Xngnzni)El tnom f|s}els oivlt}ojn}oai ot illmlm }a ml}ls`oil}el denijl af }l`xlsn}|sl oi}el txldoolt‟ enco}n} nim }elmots|x}oai af }el faam denoizo}e }el il} lffld} af mlxgl}oij }|in t}adkt oi }snmoaing﬎teoij jsa|imt oi }el ta|}e)‗O ja} zoim af }eot xelia`liai nt lnsgy nt 388? zeli Ovoto}lm @n`c|sna }a oitxld}a|s xsabld}t'‐ @osnimn tnom'ia}oij }el dn}de nt Dgntt Nluxas} ~|ngo}y) ‗Zl nsl t}|mOtgn`od Goclsn}oai Fsai})Do}y @nyas Vodli}l L`nia tnom o}znt ia} n }lssas n}}ndk) ‗Zey za|gm n}lssasot} xgni} n ca`c nzny fsa` }eldsazm nim n} 3 oi }el `asioij1‐Mad}ast }solm }a slvovl }el za|imlmdovogonit c|} }za molm af tlvlsl elnm oi b|solt) Ca}e fn}ngo}olt zlsl ia} omli}o﬎lm)]el fsai} mltk sldlx}oaiot} n} }el ea}lg ngls}lm }el Dnjnyni ml Asa Do}yXagodl T}n}oai }a n t|txodoa|t xndknjl) Zeogl xagodl`li zlsl oitxld}oij xndxknjl' }el ca`c luxgamlm e|s}oij }za xagodl xlstaiilg) ]ely zlsls|telm }a Xagy`lmod @lmodng Xgnrn)Ea}lg l`xgayllt tnz }esll |iomli}o﬎lm xlaxgl glnvoij }el }el ea}lg‟t xlso`l}ls)Ns`y =}e Oifni}sy Movotoai %OM/txaklt`ni G}) Dag) L|jlioa B|goaAtont OV tnom }en} }el `ogo}nsy ent mot xn}delm K? nim Luxgatovlt nim Asminidl Movotoai %LAM/ }ln`t }a nttot}}el gadng xagodl)]el `ogo}nsy‟t Zlt}lsi @oimninaDa``nim txaklt`ni G}) Dag) Snimagxe Dncnijcnij tnom }el luxgatoaiznt }sojjlslm cy ni o`xsavotlm luxgatovl mlvodl)]el luxgatoait faggazlm }el znsioij af @ot|nso }en} }el xlndl njsll`li} za|gm txnsk |islt} oi @oimnina)]el fsn`lzask njsll`li} znt }a cl fas`nggy tojilm ai Ad}) >< oi @ngndndnij zo}e @OGF Denos`ni Ng Enb@|snm Lcsneo` n}}limoij }el dlsl`aiong tojioij)@ot|nso' zea znt }el @IGF denos`ni zeli }el jsa|x tojilm n ﬎ing xlndl njsll`li} zo}e }el javlsi`li}oi >??6' ctnom }el njsll`li }znt n`ot}nkl'tnyoij }en} }el @OGF slxsltli}t }el tn`l xlaxgl' slgojoai nimd|g}|sl nt }el @IGF)]el fas`ls @IGF denos`ni ngtat}slttlm }en} }el njsll`li} znt n tgnxai }el fndlt af <: da|i}solt' }el Asjniorn}oai af Otgn`od Daiflslidl' zeode sldajiorlm }el @IGF nt }el aigy @|tgo`asjniorn}oai oi }el Xeogoxxoilt)
Cy Fgasni}l Tag`lsoi nim Fsnik ]|yny
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luxgatoait sadklm @oimnina ai ]e|stmny' ail oi Dnjnyni ml Asa Do}y nim }el a}els oiRn`canijn Toc|jny' da`oij nf}ls }el tojioij af n xlndl njsll`li} cl}zlli }el N~|oia nm`oiot}sn}oai nim }el @asa Otgn`od Goclsn}oai Fsai})
Cy Sly Sl~|lba
]EL Da|s} af Nxxlngt ent nf﬎s`lm o}t lnsgols mldotoai asmlsoij n fsllrl ai }el cnik ndda|i}t af ni nggljlm oi}lsin}oaing tyimodn}l dngglm ‗@ljn Daitxosndy‐)Oi n sltag|}oai' }el DN‟t fas`ls tldaimmovotoai }esa|je Nttadon}l B|t}odl Fgaso}a@ndngoia slbld}lm }el `a}oai fas sldaitomlsn}oai ﬎glm cy Baei Xn|g Ga nim Mnegon]lij Ga af @ljn}ln` Dasxasn}oai)]el sltxaimli}t ta|je} }a avls}|si}el nxxlggn}l da|s}‟t sltag|}oai ott|lm ai@nsde 36' 38>3 jsni}oij }el xl}o}oai ﬎glm cy }el Ni}o@aily Gn|imlsoij Da|idog fas }el ott|nidl af n fsllrl asmls ai}el cnik ndda|i}t nim ngg slgn}lm zlc ndda|i}t |imls }el in`lt af @ljn}ln`' Ko`Tde`o}r' Baei Xn|g Ga nim Mnegon ]lij Ga)N@GD ﬎glm cy sljot}lslm l`nog n ‗`a}oai fas lu}litoai af lffld}ovo}y af fsllrlasmls mn}lm Nxsog >6' 38>3)Toidl }el fsllrl asmls znt tl} }a luxoslai Nxsog >6' 38>3 nim oi asmls ia} }a slimls }el dntl `aa} nim ndnml`od' }el DN ott|lmn sltag|}oai ai Nxsog >:' 38>3 lu}limoij o}tlffld}ovo}y fas 48 mnyt' fsa` Nxsog >6' 38>3|x }a @ny >6' 38>3)N@GD‟t `a}oai fas lu}litoai af }elfsllrl asmls znt jsni}lm cy }el DN' lu}limoij o} fas n `nuo`|` af = `ai}et fsa`@ny >6' 38>3 |x }a Tlx}l`cls >4' 38>3)]eot xsa`x}lm }el sltxaimli}t }a ﬎gl ni@S' c|} }el DN mliolm o})Da|s} sldasmt teazlm }en} @ljn Daitxosndy nggljlmgy axlsn}lt n Zlc to}l %
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/) ]el jsa|x ot ndd|tlm af oggljnggy slxsam|doij nim mot}soc|}oij daxysoje}lm zaskt' voagn}oij \T gnzt)]el jsa|x znt ngta ndd|tlm af oivagvl`li} oi `aily gn|imlsoij ai n `nttovltdngl nsa|im }el zasgm zas}e `asl }eni-<88 `oggoai nim }snitflst avls ->3< `oggoai oi dso`oing xsadllmt)]EL Ea|tl da``o}}ll ai cntod lm|dn}oai nxxsavlm ai Zlmiltmny }el t|ct}o}|}l cogg ai }el K }a >3 Cntod Lm|dn}oaiXsajsn` zo}e 3< `l`clst va}oij fas }el cogg nim aigy }za axxatoij o})]el }za axxato}ast' Jncsolgn‟t G|rOgnjni nim Kncn}nni‟t Sny`aim Xngn}oiatnom }en} }el o`xgl`li}n}oai af }el K}a>3 xsajsn` za|gm li}nog X44= coggoai' n fns dsy fsa` }el X3?3 coggoai nggadn}lm |imls }el xsaxatlm X3 c|mjl} fas 38>4)Lm|dn}oai Tldsl}nsy Ns`oi G|ot}sa}eniklm }el gljotgn}ast fas }elos t|xxas}}a }el xsajsn`' zeode ot xns} af eot slfas` njlimn) ‗O}t nxxsavng ai }el Da``o}}ll glvlg ent jovli MlxLm nim a|s  xns}ilst n coj caat} }a ngg lffas}t }a slfas` }el lm|dn}oai tyt}l`)‐
Jojo Mnvom
Cy Clsinml}}l G|int
]EL C|sln| af Oi}lsing Slvli|lai ]e|stmny ﬎glm n X4:?)6`oggoai }nu dntl njnoit} n dai}snd}as nim xndknjoij ﬎s` clfasl }elMlxns}`li} af B|t}odl)Densjlm zlsl ^|lrai Do}y cntlm Nsdeoxlgnja C|ogmlst nimXeogxndknjoij Dasx) oi Xntoj Do}yfas voagn}oij Oi}lsing Slvli|lDaml avls ni oida`l af X6== `oggoai ai n mldgnslm tnglt af X:: oi}esll ylnst af axlsn}oai)COS Da``ottoails Ko`Bndoi}a Elinslt tnom Xn|goiaJa Xl' xsaxsol}as' ot ndd|tlm af n}}l`x}oij }a mamjl }nult nimfnogoij }a t|c`o} dassld} nim ndd|sn}l oifas`n}oai oi eot }nu sl}|sit fas 3885 }a 38>8)\toij }eosm xns}y oifas`n}oai nim o}t azi ―ngxen got}‟' }el c|sln| fa|im motdslxnidolt oiXl‟t mldgnsn}oai af tnglt oi eotoida`l }nu sl}|si)Oivlt}ojn}oai teazlm ni lnsioij af n} glnt} X6==)< `oggoai fas }nuncgl ylnst 3885 }a 38>8 fsa`eot dgoli}t c|} mldgnslm tngltoimodn}lm aigy X:6)6? fas }el}esllylns xlsoam)‗]el e|jl motxnso}y cl}zlli}el tnglt el mldgnslm nim }eltnglt ml}ls`oilm fsa` }el n|mo}ot avls 48 xlsdli} zeode ot daitomlslm nt xso`n fndol lvomlidlaf fsn|m'‐ Elinslt tnom)Xl‟t dgoli}t oidg|mlm T@ Oivlt}`li}t Dasx)' R|lggoj Xens`nDasx)' Vot}n Sltomlidlt' nim Fogoivlt} Ngncnij Oid) n`aij a}elst)]el COS nttlttlm Xl‟t Nsdeoxlgnja C|ogmlst }nu goncogo}y fas }el }esllylns xlsoam n} X48?)?4 `oggoai' oidg|tovl af t|sdensjl nim oi}lslt})]el COS ot ngta t|oijXeogxndknjoij Dasxasn}oai fas zoggf|g n}}l`x} }a lvnml }nultnim fnog|sl }a t|xxgy ndd|sn}loifas`n}oai oi o}t oida`l nimvng|l nmmlm }nu sl}|sit fas }nuncgl ylns 388?)Cntlm ai }eosm xns}y oifas`n}oai' oidg|moij }nu sl}|sit af o}tdgoli}t' }el COS fa|im Xeogxndknjoij ngta |imldgnslm o}t tnglt oio}t }nu sl}|sit fas 388?)]el ﬎s`‟t tnglt fas 388?n`a|i}lm }a n} glnt} X>36)4>`oggoai c|} mldgnslm slvli|lt af aigy X=>)8: `oggoai' as n mofflslidl af X5<)3= `oggoai)]el COS da`x|}lm Xeogxndknjoij‟t ml﬎dolidy oida`l }nu n}X:3)66 `oggoai' oidg|moij t|sdensjl nim oi}lslt})]eot ot }el tldaim }o`l COS t|lm }el xndknjoij ﬎s` }eotylns) Gnt} Tlx}l`cls 3:' }elnjlidy ﬎glm n X<8)54`oggoai}nu lvntoai dntl fas voagn}oaitda``o}}lm oi 38>8)yoij }eot ilz mlvlgax`li} oia|s `nsoil slta|sdl)‐El tnom }el }|in `ojsn}oainxxlnslm }a tkos} Addomli}ng@oimasa‟t dant}ng }azit af Xngn|ni' Dtgoi}ni nim T}n)Ds|r)@n`c|sna }azitfagk zai}el }ax xsorl oi }el sldli}‗]ail]ailgnmnij ]|in Flt}ovng‐ gnt} @nsde fas dn}deoij}el cojjlt} nim elnvolt} }|in}en} }oxxlm }el tdnglt n} 388kogat nim t}sl}dellm ﬎vl fll}gaij)Msazilm oi }el tlncansm`lssy`nkoij ot }el coj ail}en} dni jl} nzny zeli joni}t ﬎s`t oi JliTni t}ns}sadkoij }el can})A@C\MT@NI Daideo}n Dnsxoa@asnglt mot`ottlm fsa` }el tlsvodl ni njli}af }el In}oaing C|sln| af Oivlt}ojn}oaiavls n kominxxoij dntl zeogl }el Mlxns}`li} af B|t}odl vazlm txllmy b|t}odl ai}el koggoij af nia}els njli})Oi n mldotoai' tel fa|im Txldong Oivlt}ojn}as OOO B|iilg @ngng|ni j|og}y af jsnvl`otdaim|d} nim slda``lmlm }el ﬎goij af dso`oing densjlt njnoit} eo` clfasl }elO`|t Sljoaing ]song Da|s} oi Dnvo}l)B|t}odl Tldsl}nsy Glogn ml Go`n tnom|sjli} nd}oai ot illmlm nf}ls }el nsslt} af >8 t|txld}t oi }el koggoij gnt} @ny af els tld|so}y ml}nog' Ngot}ls ^|oi}at)Xnsnin~|l xagodl gnt} Tn}|smny dnx}|slm n eagm|xsacclsy jnij' nggazoij n cslnk}ea|je oi }el dntl)‗Gokl niy vod}o`' Ngo nim eot fn`ogy dsyfas b|t}odl'‐ Ml Go`n tnom) ‗Ai n xlstaingglvlg' O t}ogg fllg }el gatt af n vlsy koimelns}lm' tzll} nim gayng tld|so}y noml }en}znt Ngo) O nim }el a}els `l`clst af `ytld|so}y }ln`zl ma `ott eo`)‐Xagodl tnom }el 38>> `amlg @o}t|coteo Nmvli}|sl JGU zelsl ^|oi}at znt clgolvlm }aenvl clli kogglm zeogl sltot}oij }el sacclstznt sldavlslm gnt} ]|ltmny ioje} oitoml }elFa|s}e Lt}n}l T|cmovotoai oi Xnsnþn~|l)
@lsdk @nj|mmnyna' Sly L) Sl~|lba
]EL Gncas Mlxns}`li}znsilm slds|o}`li} njlidolt ia} }a mlxgay |imlsnjlea|tleagm zasklst ncsanm'as fndl t|txlitoai as dnidlggn}oai af }elos godlitl)Gncas Tldsl}nsy SatngoimnCngmar do}lm ni oidslntoiji|`cls af Fogoxoia tlsvodlzasklst }en} envl ﬎glm dntltnjnoit} }elos slds|o}lst niml`xgaylst' `at}gy `oiast)Xeogoxxoil Avlstlnt L`xgay`li} Nm`oiot}sn}oai deolf EnitGla B) Dndmnd tnom el znt |imls asmlst }a `nkl slds|o}lstactlsvl }el slfas` xndknjl nt xsavomlm cy }el vnsoa|t XALNJavlsioij Cansm sltag|}oait ott|lm oi 3886)El tnom ilz slfas`t envl clli o`xgl`li}lm t|de nt }eloidslntl oi }el `oio`|` ml xgayncgl njl fsa` >5 }a 34;`oio`|` li}sy tngnsy fsa`- 388 }a - =88 xls `ai}e) Eltnom o} znt xsaeoco}lm }a daggld} xgndl`li} fll fsa` }el ea|tleagm tlsvodl zasklst' zel}els mail xsoas }a }elos mlxns}|sl as aito}l }esa|je tngnsy tlgld}oai;El tnom }el mlxgay`li} af |imlsnjl zasklst nim daggld}oai af xgndl`li} fll fsa`ea|tleagm zasklst nsl tlsoa|tafflitlt }en} dnssy }el xling}yaf dnidlggn}oai af godlitl)Ta`l af }el gltt tlsoa|t afflitlt da``o}}lm cy slds|o}lstoidg|ml dai}snd} t|ct}o}|}oaias ng}lsoij' }a }el xslb|modl af }el zaskls' dai}snd}t nxxsavlmnim vlso﬎lm cy }el XALN; fngtofyoij as ng}lsoij }snvlg mad|`li}t t|de nt votn' xnttxas} as  cos}e dls}o﬎dn}l af }el zaskls;mlxgayoij zasklst zeatll`xgay`li} nim }snvlg mad|`li}t zlsl ia} xsadlttlm cy}el XALN; mlxgayoij zasklst}a l`xgaylst as xsoidoxngt ia}nddslmo}lm cy }el XALN; fnogoij}a xsavoml XMAT }a }el zaskls;nim zo}eeagmoij af tngnsolt as sl`o}}nidlt zo}ea|} b|t}o﬎ncglslntait)
Vo}a Cnsdlga
]EL Lgld}oait da``ottoai |sjlm va}lst }a sljot}ls iaz nimnvaom }el gnt} `oi|}l s|te' tnyoij }elsl zogg cl ia lu}litoai nf}ls }el Ad}) 4> sljot}sn}oai mlnmgoil)Lgld}oait denos`ni Tou}a Csoggni}lt Bs) tnom Ad}acls 4> ot ngta}el mlnmgoil fas }snitfls af sljot}sn}oai' vngomn}oai af sljot}sn}oainim slnd}ovn}oai af mlnd}ovn}lm sljot}sn}oai)El luxgnoilm }en} ‗slnd}ovn}oai‐ ot fas }eatl va}lst zea envl cllimlnd}ovn}lm fas fnogoij }a va}l oi }za t|ddlttovl slj|gns lgld}oait)Of ya| mom ia} va}l oi }el @ny >8' 38>8 lgld}oait nim oi }elAd}) 3<' 38>8 cnsnijny lgld}oait' ya|s sljot}sn}oai ent clli mlnd}ovn}lm' el tnom) ‗Oi lffld}' ya| dniia} va}l oi }el @ny >4'38>4 Lgld}oait |igltt ya| ‗slnd}ovn}l‐ ya|s %mlnd}ovn}lm/ va}ls‟tsljot}sn}oai'‐ el tnom)
Balg R|scnia

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