802.11 MAC is based on
Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Avoidance
(CSMA/CA)and was designed to be used in an indoor environment where a small number of wirelessnodes share a common channel. It has been shown in
Digital Gangetic Plains
project that802.11 hardware can be used beyond its intended use of WLANs by connecting long dis-tance wireless links spread over tens of kilometers. These links have been used to operatevoice (telephone through Voice over IP) and video (telemedicine through Video over IP)applications. But the existing MAC protocols like CSMA/CA that operate on 802.11 hard-ware do not work well in these outdoor wireless networks because of hidden node problem,huge
Round Trip Time
(RTT) and unnecessary contention.In this thesis, we therefore motivate the need for design and development of new MACprotocols to operate on point-to-point and point-to-mulitpoint long distance links to ob-tain better performance and ﬂexibility compared to CSMA/CA. This report describes theimplementation of two new MAC protocols
that are suited for theselong distance 802.11 networks.
is designed from scratch. Even though thedesign of 2P exists, a signiﬁcant challenge here is the implementation of these protocolson the oﬀ-the-shelf 802.11 Atheros hardware to preserve cost beneﬁts. We have imple-mented
by exploiting the ﬂexibilities in the
driver of Atheros AR5212 chipsets. The report then presents experimental evaluation of
. The outdoor experimental results on a network of two links showthat
achieves signiﬁcant performance (throughput) improvement over CSMA/CA (bymore than 45%) for point-to-point links and
outperforms CSMA/CA by morethan 40% for point-to-multipoint long distance links. On larger networks, we expect aneven higher throughput improvement. We expect the protocols and the implementation tobe deployed on
network in Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh for providing internetconnectivity to remote rural villages.