Civilian Control Over Military
Economic, Ideological, Cultural and International Variables
There is no ideal form of government and no one would claim Western liberaldemocracy to be an ideal solution either; but it is the best among the many other forms of government with which man has experimented in the course of the history.With its checks and balances, it largely prevents the misuse of power by individualsand groups of people.
The prevailing literature on civil military relations and the process of democratization considers the reduction of institutional and political power of the military within a state to be a central requirement in the establishmentand maintenance of democracy. Democratic theory does not admit the possibility thatany group possesses greater legitimacy than the will of the people, democraticallydetermined through free and inclusive elections and tempered by the interplay of constitutionally established institutions.
Developed countries, with a few exceptions have been able to maintaincivilian control over military, a system that places ultimate responsibility for acountry’s strategic decision making in the hands of civilian political elites.
Inencouraging democratization, the United States and other western powers usecivilian control of the military as the most important measure of progress towarddemocratic process. Democratic civilian control requires the national securitydecisions will be made by constitutionally authorized and politically responsiblecivilian officials, and that the means of executing or supporting these policies will
Research Fellow, Department of Political Science, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar (Punjab).