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Photo Procedure

Photo Procedure

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Published by Mark

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Published by: Mark on Oct 11, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Existing Structure Fire/Crime Scene Standard Photography Requirements
Page 1 of 3
These suggestions can be applied, with certain modifications, to virtually any type of fire/crime scene, whether large or small, vehicle or structure. The term “structure” is used to denote the item involved.
1. Incident Identifiera.
Close-Up of a Photo Title Card with incident data for photo identification2. Incident Locationa.
Street Name, structure number, rural mailbox number, and name. Include structure and identifier in anoverall photo3. Exteriora.
Straight-on 90 degree shot of all four sides of structureb.
45-degree off-the-corner shots showing adjoining sides at each of four cornersc.
Close-ups of all doors, windows, and any other means of entry or egressd.
Close-ups of both inside and outside of accesses having signs of forced accesse.
Macros (high quality close ups) of forced entry signs on both outside of forced accessf.
Documentation of condition of roof taken from elevated position. Four sides and/or corners if possibleg.
Burn patterns at doors, windows, and other openingsh.
Melt patterns of vinyl siding, window frames, doors, and soffitsi.
Suspicious tracks, containers, or other items unnatural to the scene j.
Nearby livestock, pets, vehicles, and related housingk.
Conditions indicating missing livestock, pets, vehicles, and related housingl.
Scene from witness’s viewpoint4. Exposuresa.
Sides exposed to the fire and 45-degree corner shots at each endb.
Interior of exposures if exteriors damaged5. Spectatorsa.
Document on-lookers and vehicles, especially recognized suspects and persons who stand out becauseof their actions and/or inappropriate attire6. Apparatusb.
Overall shots showing emergency vehicles, equipment, and manpower7. Suppressiona.
General views showing firefighting efforts including hand lines, snorkels (elevated platforms), laddering,rescue, overhaul, ventilation, medical, injuries, deaths8. Fire Progressiona.
Repeat steps 3a, b, f, g, and h and entire categories 4 – 7 periodically until fire is extinguished9. Utilities (general)a.
Electrical: on or off, entrance, meters, fuses, circuit breakers, wiring, outlets, switches, evidence oftampering or repair, etcb.
Gas (city or propane): on or off, valves, piping connections, evidence of tampering or repair, etcc.
Water (city or well): on or off, valves, meters, pumps, piping, connections, evidence of tampering orrepair, etc10. Utilities (detailed)a.
All utility services located at or near the area of origin should receive detailed photographic documentationfrom point of origin to entry into the structure
Existing Structure Fire/Crime Scene Standard Photography Requirements
Page 2 of 3
11. Interiora.
All rooms, halls, stairways, closets, cabinets, storage areas, attics, and cellarsb.
Include walls, ceilings, and floorsc.
Furnishings and contents including location and arrangement12. Extinguishment Systems (general)a.
All types: on or off, valves, meters, gauges, piping, pumps, pressure systems, connections, and evidenceof tampering or repair13. Extinguishment Systems (detailed)a.
All extinguishment systems located at or near the area of origin should receive additional detailedphotographic documentation from point of origin to entry into the structure14. Fire/heat flow indicatorsa.
Heat, smoke, burn, and char patterns throughout structure, from least affected area to area or point oforiginb.
Include walls, ceilings, and floorsc.
Directional pointers to area of origin caused by softening or melting of light bulbs, glass, plastic, candles,toys, etc.d.
Rounding of edges of furnishings and structural memberse.
Tapering of structural membersf.
Point(s) of lowest burng.
Burn patternsh.
Clocks15. Heat sources (general)a.
Overall location and close-up f all heat sources throughout structure. Must confirm or eliminate allpossible causes of fire16. Fuel Sourcesa.
All flammable items and materials contributing to growth and extension of fire: gas lines, paint, thinners,furnishings, foam, propane/acetylene/oxygen tanks, etc17. Area of Origina.
Before, during, and after excavation and reconstruction of area of origin, such as a particular room ordimensional radii from suspected point of originb.
Detail photos of burn patterns, char depth, damage, and destructionc.
Location of heat sources in aread.
All exterior sides of heat sources and general views of interiorse.
Detail interior and exterior close-up/macro views of isolated damage areas of heat sourcesf.
Nameplates and make, model, and serial number designationsg.
Installation, operation, and maintenance instruction plates18. Point of Origina.
Record excavation and reconstruction of point of originb.
Repeat steps 17b, 17c abovec.
Show proximity of heat source(s) to combustibles/flammablesd.
Repeat steps 17d-17g above19. Evidencea.
Each item of evidence taken, one alone
in situ 
(as found) and one with identifier and scaleb.
Each control sample for evidence item taken: one alone
in situ 
and one with identifier and scalec.
General overall area with identifiers marking locations of evidence takend.
Same overall of area in Step 19c but without evidence location identifier

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