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Coll Oids

Coll Oids

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Published by Hemalatha Annepu

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Published by: Hemalatha Annepu on Oct 12, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/20/2013

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DEFINITION OF A COLLOID
Mixtures of one material (the “dispersoid”)dispersed in another as particles in thesize range of:
1nm
10
µ
m.
 
Since colloid is mainly a surface, the wetting liquid molecules are adsorbed rather thanabsorbed.•The
particle that adsorbs the external phase
is called
lyophilic.
•If the
external phase is water
it is called
hydrophilic.
•A colloid that
does not adsorb
is called
lyophobic
or 
hydrophobic.
 
 
APPLICATION FIELDS OF COLLOIDS
 AreaExample
Paints, Adhesives, Floor polishes, Print inks, Carpet backing,Paper sizing, Water/sewage treatment, Secondary oil recovery,Rubberized concreteSize standard for electron microscopyHigh resolution chromatographycolumn packingMagnetic particles targeted drug deliveryImmunodiagnosticsControlled released drugsCatalysts, Colloids & surface chemistry, Coagulation kineticsModel liquid crystals, Rheology, Dielectric spectroscopyParticle interaction*Dispersion forces*Electrostatics*Steric stabilization
IndustrialResearchMedical
 
Chemical

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