would have been far more in numbers if it wasn't for the massacred that took place in Heikavillage. In the oral history of Lamkang, this incident is generally remembered as the infamous'Khongsai Raal' or when translated 'Khongsai war'. In fact, the names of two heroes, SankhilThamsen and Sankhil Thamnok (two brothers) who resist and fought back the Khongsai all bythemselves, could still be recalled. When taking their names, the face of any Lamkang would glowwith pride.
Lamkangs are highly social minded people. The bond of social cohesion andcollectiveness is very strong among them. Any social festival in one village was shared andcelebrated with other Lamkang villages. In olden times, they would help one another freely inhouse construction, jhum cultivation, and all other kinds of manual work. If any misfortuned wasto befall on one family, the whole village would come together and helped that family.
Kinship ties are very strong in Lamkang. Lamkang society though patrilineal, maintainsstrong affinal ties with the matrilineal side as well. Maternal uncle shares a special kind of relationship with his sisters' children and has an important social role in the latters' life. For example, in any kind of social function be it marriage, customary feast, naming ceremony, etc, theneck of mithun or pig killed on that occasion is traditionally reserved for maternal uncle and his presence and blessing is a must for the good fortune of the nieces and nephews. Even, on occasionswhen malevolent forces seem to possess his sisters' children, the maternal uncle would besummoned to perform certain rites to ward off evil. It is believed in Lamkang that a person withstrong maternal uncle background is shunned by evil spirit.The ancient Lamkang tribe was divided into two moity viz
. They were anexogamous group and marriage within one's moity was strictly prohibited. According to legends, itwas belief that clans from
came into being from the bowel/hole of the earth. So, insectsor animals that came out from the bowel of the earth were considered a taboo for the clans of
. Likewise, clans from
were believed to be the children of sun hatched from itsegg that was laid on top of a bamboo tree. Hence, clans from
were generally known toavoid exposure to the sun for long. In the course of time, the two moity split into four exogamous phratry viz
Suwngnem-Sankhil, DilbungKhular, Edar
. The first phratry had Suwngnemand Sankhil as its clan, the second as Dilbung and Khular;
has three clans-Tholung, Jangveiand Shilshi while
has Leivon, Kangten and Surte as its composite clan.The one peculiar aspect of Lamkang culture and tradition is that of christening pattern in new bornmale child. When a male child is born, the christening of the child would be in correspondencewith the term each clan/lineage had adopted. The male child will have a prefix of his mother's clanadded to his name. The prefix adopted by each of the clan is given as follows: