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Table Of Contents

The AryAns
Figure 1: A model of Aryan Migration
The Medes
Figure 2: Map of the Median Empire
The PersiAns
Figure 3: Map of Achaemenid Empire
The seleucid eMPire
Figure 4: Map of Seleucid Empire
The PArThiAns
Figure 5: Map of Parthian Empire
The sAkAs
The sAssAnid eMPire
Figure 7: Map of Sassanid Empire
The hePhThAliTes
Figure 8: The Hephthalites Empire
The eMPire of sindh
Figure 9: The Empire of Sindh
The BAloch origin
The BAloch
BAlAshAgAn: The originAl hoMe of The BAloch
BAlAshchik or The BAloch
The neighBoring PeoPle of The BAloch in BAlAshAgAn
VolunTAry MigrATions
dePorTATions And reseTTleMenTs
The BAloch dePorTATions And wAnderings: An oVerView
irAn AT The TiMe of ArAB inVAsion
The BAloch defecTion To The ArABs
Figure 12: Map of the Islamic Empire
Figure 16: Map of the Seljuqs Dynasty
ghurid And khwAreZMid dynAsTies
Figure 17: Map of the Ghurid Dynasty
Figure 18: Map of the Khwarezmid Dynasty
Mongols And ilkhAnATe
Figure 19: Map of Ilkhanate
Figure 20: Map of Timurids Empire
The MughAls And The BAloch
Figure 21: Map of Mughal Empire in India
The BAloch And The regionAl dynAsTies: An oVerView
The BAloch MigrATions in conTexT
The eAsTwArd MigrATions
koch As BrAhui
socioPoliTicAl TrAnsforMATion of The BAloch
forMATion of TriBAl unions
The BAloch TriBe
The TriBAlisM And noMAdisM
TriBAl unions And confederAcies
The BAloch confederAcy in sisTAn
The BAloch confederAcy in TurAn
The BAloch confederAcy in MAkurAn
The BAloch culTurAl doMinAnce
decline of sAfAVid eMPire
The decAy of MughAl Power
ArriVAl of euroPeAn Powers in The gulf
TowArd The forMATion of A BAloch sTATe
eMergence of The BAloch sTATe: TheoreTicAl PersPecTiVe
BirTh of The khAnATe of kAlAT
forMATiVe yeArs of The khAnATe
AdVAnces in kAchchi
The khAnATe AfTer Mir AhMAd
exPAnsion under Mir ABdullAh khAn
Figure 22: Map of Balochistan in AD 1732
ciVil wAr And AnArchy AfTer Mir ABdullAh khAn
Mir nAseer khAn’s enTering The scene
The khAnATe under Mir nAseer khAn i
PoliTicAl And MiliTAry iniTiATiVes of Mir nAseer khAn i
enforceMenT of order And exPAnsion of The khAnATe
socioeconoMic reforMs
BAloch forces in khurAsAn And PunjAB
The unwriTTen consTiTuTion of The khAnATe
ciVil wAr And AnArchy under Mir MAhMud khAn
ciVil wAr under Mir MehrAB khAn ii
exTernAl siTuATion surrounding BAlochisTAn
eVenTs leAding To The occuPATion of kAlAT
occuPATion of kAlAT And MArTyrdoM of MehrAB khAn ii
cAuses of The fAll of kAlAT
Figure 25: Map of Balochistan after the British occupation
generAl uPrising AgAinsT The BriTish
liBerATion of kAlAT And sTruggle AgAinsT The BriTish
sTruggle for The Throne of kAlAT
conflicTs BeTween TriBes And The khAn
MAri And BugTi uPrisings
The conflicT wiTh MengAl TriBe And jAM of lAs BelA
disTurBAnces in khArAn And MAkurAn
conflicTs wiTh TriBes of sArAwAn And jhAlAwAn
The TreATy of kAlAT (1876)
The direcT BriTish rule in conTexT
The BAlochisTAn of sAndeMAn
Figure 26: A map of Afghanistan and Balochistan (1893)
The resisTAnce By MAri, doMBiki, And BugTi TriBes
resisTAnce in sArAwAn And jhAlAwAn
resisTAnce in sArhAd
resisTAnce in eAsTern MAkurAn
PersiAn inroAds in wesTern BAlochisTAn
The BriTish inVolVeMenT in wesTern BAlochisTAn
diVision of BAlochisTAn: A cAsuAlTy of The greAT gAMe
The curse of The TelegrAPh line
diVision of BAlochisTAn under BoundAry coMMissions
Figure 27: Map showing division of Sistan
diVision of sisTAn under ArBiTrATion coMMissions
deMArcATion of BAloch-AfghAn fronTiers
Figure 28: Map showing division of Balochistan
Figure 29: Map showing Durand and McMahon Line (s)
The collAPse of The BAloch ArMed resisTAnce
Beginning of PoliTicAl consciousness
AnjuMAn-e-iTehAd-e-BAloch-wA-BAlochisTAn
kAlAT sTATe nATionAl PArTy
The BriTish dileMMA in indiA
The PAkisTAn PhenoMenon
The PArTiTion PlAn
sTrAngulATion of BAlochisTAn
inTernAl cAuses of The decline of The khAnATe
ABsence of cleAr rules of succession
ABsence of sTATe insTiTuTions
inTer-TriBAl And inTrA-TriBAl AniMosiTies
ABsence of finAnciAl resources
degenerATion of The ruling clAn
inDex
P. 1
The Baloch and Balochistan

The Baloch and Balochistan

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Published by Trafford
Three thousand years ago, a group of Indo-Iranic tribes (called Balaschik at that time) settled in the northwestern Caspian region of Balashagan. Circumstances forced them to disperse and migrate towards south and eastern parts of Iranian plateau. In medieval times, they finally settled in present Balochistan where they became known as the Baloch. During their long and tortuous journey from Balashagan to Balochistan, the Baloch faced persecutions, deportations, and genocidal acts of various Persian, Arab and other regional powers. During 17th century, after dominating Balochistan culturally and politically, the Baloch carved out a nation state (the Khanate of Kalat). In 1839, the British occupied Balochistan and subsequently it was divided into various parts. In the wake of the British withdrawal from India in 1947, Balochistan regained its sovereignty but soon Pakistan occupied it in 1948. The historical account of the Baloch is the story of a pastoralist nomadic people from ancient times to mid-twentieth century. The author outlines the origin of the Baloch state and its variegated history of survival against powerful neighbors such as the Persians, the British and finally, Pakistan. This fascinating research work discovers the background of the long drawn-out conflict between the Baloch and Pakistan and Iranian states.
Three thousand years ago, a group of Indo-Iranic tribes (called Balaschik at that time) settled in the northwestern Caspian region of Balashagan. Circumstances forced them to disperse and migrate towards south and eastern parts of Iranian plateau. In medieval times, they finally settled in present Balochistan where they became known as the Baloch. During their long and tortuous journey from Balashagan to Balochistan, the Baloch faced persecutions, deportations, and genocidal acts of various Persian, Arab and other regional powers. During 17th century, after dominating Balochistan culturally and politically, the Baloch carved out a nation state (the Khanate of Kalat). In 1839, the British occupied Balochistan and subsequently it was divided into various parts. In the wake of the British withdrawal from India in 1947, Balochistan regained its sovereignty but soon Pakistan occupied it in 1948. The historical account of the Baloch is the story of a pastoralist nomadic people from ancient times to mid-twentieth century. The author outlines the origin of the Baloch state and its variegated history of survival against powerful neighbors such as the Persians, the British and finally, Pakistan. This fascinating research work discovers the background of the long drawn-out conflict between the Baloch and Pakistan and Iranian states.

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Published by: Trafford on Oct 13, 2012
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reservedISBN:9781466958975
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