# Welcome back

## Find a book, put up your feet, stay awhile

Sign in with Facebook

Sorry, we are unable to log you in via Facebook at this time. Please try again later.

or

Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more

Download

Standard view

Full view

of .

Look up keyword

Like this

Share on social networks

1Activity

×

0 of .

Results for: No results containing your search query

P. 1

Chapter 7 Sequences and Series (SAT course)Ratings: (0)|Views: 4|Likes: 0

Published by BernardRussell

Sequences and Series (SAT course)

Sequences and Series (SAT course)

See more

See less

https://www.scribd.com/doc/109896050/Chapter-7-Sequences-and-Series-SAT-course

05/13/2014

text

original

CHAPTER 7 SEQUENCES AND SERIES

SEQUENCE

：

A sequence is a function where the domain is a set of consecutivepositive integers beginning with 1.FINITE SEQUENCE

：

A finite sequence is a function having for its domain a set of positive integers

，

{1, 2, 3, 4, 5,

…

,

n

}

，

for some positive integer

n

.INFINITE SEQUENCE

：

An infinite sequence is a function having for its domain theset of positive integers, {1, 2, 3, 4, 5,

…

,

n

,

…

}.The function values are considered the terms of the sequence.The first term of the sequence is denoted with a subscript of 1, for example,

1

a

, and thegeneral term has a subscript of

n

, for example,

.

n

a

Example

：

Find the first four terms,

10

a

and

15

a

from the given

n

th term of thesequence,

2

1, 3.

n

a n n

Finding the General Term

：

When only the first few terms of a sequence are known,we can often make a prediction of what the general term is by looking for a pattern.Example

：

Predict the general term of the sequence

1, 2,

4, 8,

16,

…

.Solution

：

These are powers of two with alternating signs, so the general term might be

()

.Sums and SeriesSeries: Given the infinite sequence

1234

,,,,,,

n

a a a a a

, the sum of the terms

123

n

a a a a

is called an infinite series. A partial sum is the sum of thefirst

n

terms

123

.

n

a a a a

A partial sum is also called a finite series or

n

thpartial sum, and is denoted

.

n

S

Sigma Notation: The Greek letter

(sigma) can be used to denote a sum when thegeneral term of a sequence is a formula.Example: The sum of the first four terms of the sequence 3, 5, 7, 9, . . .,

21

k

, . . .can be named

41

21.

k

Recursive Definitions: A sequence may be defined recursively or by using arecursion formula. Such a definition lists the first term, or the first few terms, andthen describes how to determine the remaining terms from the given terms.Example: Find the first 5 terms of the sequence defined by

11

5, 23, for 1.

n n

a a a n

ARITHMETIC SEQUENCES AND SERIES

Arithmetic Sequences: A sequence is arithmetic if there exists a number

d

, called thecommon difference, such that

1

n n

a a d

for any integer

1.

n

Definition

A sequence with general term

a

n+

1

= a

n

+ d

is called an

arithmetic sequence.

a

n

= nth term and d = common difference

n

th

Term of an Arithmetic Sequence: The

n

th term of an arithmetic sequence isgiven by

1

1,

n

a a n d

for any integer

1.

n

Example: Find the 14

th

term of the arithmetic sequence 4, 7, 10, 13, . . .Example: Which term is 301 from the sequence above?Sum of the First

n

Terms of an Arithmetic SequenceConsider the arithmetic sequence 3, 5, 7, 9, . . . When we add the first four terms of the sequence, we get

4

S

, which is 3 + 5 + 7 + 9, or 24. This sum is called anarithmetic series. To find a formula for the sum of the first

n

terms,

n

S

, of anarithmetic sequence, we first denote an arithmetic sequence, as follows:

111This term is 2 terms This is the nextback from the lastto last term.

,,2,,2,,.

n n n

a a d a d a d a d a

111

22.

n n n n

S a a d a d a d a d a

reversing the order gives us

111

22.

n n n n

S a a d a d a d a d a

adding these two sums we have,

111111

22222.

n n n nn n n

S a a a d a d a d a d a d a d a d a d a a

Notice that all of the brackets simplify to

1

n

a a

and that

1

n

a a

is added

n

times.This gives us

11

2 or2

n n n n

nS n a a S a a

So the sum of the first

n

terms of an arithmetic sequence is given by

1

2

n n

nS a a

GEOMETRIC SEQUENCES AND SERIES

GEOMETRIC SEQUENCE: A sequence is geometric if there is a number

r,

calledthe common ratio, such that

11

, or , for any integer 1.

nn nn

ar a a r na

Definition

A sequence with general term

a

n

+1

=

a

n

r

is called an

geometric sequence.

a

n

= nth term and r = common ratio

n

th

TERM OF A GEOMETRIC SEQUENCE: The

n

th term of a geometric is givenby

11

, for any int

nn

a a r n

SUM OF THE FIRST

n

TERMS: The sum of the first

n

terms of a geometricsequence is given by

1

1, for any 1.1

nn

a r S r r

- Read and print without ads
- Download to keep your version
- Edit, email or read offline

© Copyright 2015 Scribd Inc.

Language:

Choose the language in which you want to experience Scribd:

Sign in with Facebook

Sorry, we are unable to log you in via Facebook at this time. Please try again later.

or

Password Reset Email Sent

Join with Facebook

Sorry, we are unable to log you in via Facebook at this time. Please try again later.

or

By joining, you agree to our

read free for one month

Personalized recommendationsbased on books you love

Syncing across all your devices

Join with Facebook

or Join with EmailSorry, we are unable to log you in via Facebook at this time. Please try again later.

Already a member? Sign in.

By joining, you agree to our

to download

Personalized recommendationsbased on books you love

Syncing across all your devices

Continue with Facebook

Sign inJoin with emailSorry, we are unable to log you in via Facebook at this time. Please try again later.

By joining, you agree to our

Are you sure?

This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

CANCEL

OK

You've been reading!

NO, THANKS

OK

scribd

## Activity (1)