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S03propdraft9

S03propdraft9

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Published by Achmad Hidayat

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Published by: Achmad Hidayat on Oct 13, 2012
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10/13/2012

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The Executive Summary
Religious scholars of Islam, to determine whether or not a particular saying or action of the Prophet of Islam is genuine, use the science of hadith. Through a series of classifications the authenticity of the second largest source of guidance for Muslims isformed. By studying the science of 
hadith
, a better understanding of Islam and itsfollowers can be reached.
Statement of Need
The religion of Islam has over 1.4 billion followers. After September 11, 2002,the demand for information regarding the religion grew steadily as people tried tounderstand its teachings and beliefs. Muslims, the followers of the Islamic religion, havetwo main sources of guidance on which they base their lives. The Holy Qur’an is believed to be the direct word of God and contains teachings that over 1.4 billion peopleworldwide use as a guideline in their lives.The second source of information is the sayings and actions of Muhammad, aman who is perceived to be mankind’s final Prophet. As mankind’s final Prophet, allcommentary on the Qur’an was recorded in great detail and preserved for accuracyduring his life and after his death. This collection is referred to as
hadith
and scholarswho collect the individual
hadith
go through a painstaking process to ensure their authenticity. The science of 
hadith
is one of the most important scholarly works that can be done in Islam because of its role in the lives of Muslims.
Project Description
There are three components in the science of 
hadith
. The
 Matn
is the actual text of the
hadith
; the
isnad 
is the chain of reporters that lead back to the Prophet;
 
the
taraf 
is the part of the text, which refers to the sayings, actions, or characteristics of the Prophet, or his body language in reference to his words. The authenticity of the
hadith
depends onthe reliability of its reporters, and the linkage among them.The hadith are put together by scholars and compiled in books; the most well knowncollections include Bukhari and Muslim. Hadith are categorized according to howreliable they are based on the
taraf 
,
matn
, and
isnad 
.Hadith can be categorized as being divine (directly from God), elevated (a sayingoverheard by another person), stopped (a narration from a companion of Muhammad), or severed (a narration from a teacher who heard the saying from Muhammad to a student).The
isnad 
are very important in determining whether a
hadith
is valid. There are sixcategories ranging from one that is heard directly from Muhammad to one in which a portion of the
isnad 
missing. The number of nattators must be more than one to beconsidered better than weak. The number of narrators is very important. If a largenumber of people convey the same message then it is considered to be accurate and valid.However, if only one person narrates a particular saying or action then that
hadith
isconsidered weak and unreliable.
 
The text of the actual message must be valid and not conflict with the Qur’an or teachingsfrom other narrators. If anything was added to the original text then it is considered weak and not as likely to be taken seriously.Each person who narrates a
hadith
is also studied in depth. Each person’s biography isknown, as well as their religious stances, whether or not they can be trusted, and whether or not they could have actually come into contact with Muhammad.Bibliography:http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/fundamentals/hadithsunnah/scienceofhadith/brief1/Hasan, Dr. Suhaib. An Introducion to the Science of Hadith. London, 1994.

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