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Design Formula for EC2

Design Formula for EC2

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Published by: sfowi on Oct 13, 2012
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1.0 STRENGTH AND CHARACTERISTIC OF CONCRETE
Table 3.1:
Strength and deformation characteristics for concrete (
 Ref. Section 3: MS EN 1992-1-1: 2010
)
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2
2.0 INDICATIVE DESIGN WORKING LIFE
(Ref. Section 2.3: MS EN 1990: 2010)
Table 2.1:
Indicative design working life
Design workinglife categoryIndicative designworking life (years)Examples
1 10 Temporary structures
(1)
 2 10 to 25 Replaceable structural parts, e.g. gantry girders, bearings3 15 to 30 Agricultural and similar structures4 50 Building structures and other common structures5 100 Monumental building structures, bridges, and other civil engineeringstructures(1) Structures or parts of structure that can be dismantled with a view to being re-used should not beconsidered as temporary
3.0 EFFECTIVE WIDTH OF FLANGES (ALL LIMIT STATES)
(Ref. Section 5.3.2: MS EN 1992-1-1: 2010)
The effective flanged width,
b
eff 
for a T-beam or L-beam may be derived as


 where
b
eff, i
= 0.2
b
i
+ 0.1
l
o
 
0.2
l
o
 and
b
eff, i
 
 
b
i
 
l
o
is the distance between point of zero moment can be obtained from Figure 5.2. Other notations are given in Figure5.3.
Figure 5.2:
Definition of 
l
o
for calculation of effective flanged width
Figure 5.3:
Effective flanged width parameters
 
3
4.0 DURABILITY, FIRE AND BOND REQUIREMENTS
(Ref. Section 4: MS EN 1992-1-1: 2010)
Exposure ClassTable 4.1:
Exposure class related to environmental conditions in accordance with EN 206-1
(Ref. MS EN 1992-1-1: 2010)
ClassdesignationDescription of the environment Informative examples where exposure classesmay occur1 No risk of corrosion attack
XC0 For concrete without reinforcement orembedded metal: all exposure except wherethere is freeze/thaw, abrasion or chemicalattack For concrete with reinforcement orembedded metal: very dryConcrete inside buildings with very low airhumidity
2 Corrosion induced by carbonation
XC1 Dry or permanently wet Concrete inside building with low air humidityConcrete permanently submerged in waterXC2 Wet, rarely dry Concrete surfaces subject to long-term watercontactMany foundationsXC3 Moderate humidity Concrete inside buildings with moderate or highair humidityExternal concrete sheltered from rainXC4 Cyclic wet and dry Concrete surfaces subject to water contact, notwithin the exposure class XC2
3 Corrosion induced by chlorides
XD1 Moderate humidity Concrete surfaces exposed to airborne chloridesXD2 Wet, rarely dry Swimming poolsConcrete components exposed to industrial waterscontaining chloridesXD3 Cyclic wet and dry Parts of bridges exposed to spray containingchloridesPavementsCar park slabs
4 Corrosion induced by chlorides from sea water
XS1 Exposed to airborne salt but not in directcontact to sea waterStructures near to or on the coastXS2 Permanently submerged Parts of marine structuresXS3 Tidal, splash and spray zones Parts of marine structures
5 Freeze/Thaw attack
XF1 Moderate water saturation, without de-icingagentVertical concrete surfaces exposed to rain andfreezingXF2 Moderate water saturation, with de-icingagentVertical concrete surfaces of road structuresexposed to freezing and air-borne de-icing agentsXF3 High water saturation, without de-icingagentsHorizontal concrete surfaces exposed to rain andfreezingXF4 High water saturation, with de-icing agentsor sea waterRoad and bridge decks exposed to de-icing agentsConcrete surfaces exposed to direct spraycontaining de-icing agents and freezingSplash zone of marine structures exposed tofreezing
6 Chemical attack
XA1 Slightly aggressive chemical environmentaccording to EN 206-1, Table 2Natural soils and ground waterXA2 Moderately aggressive chemicalenvironment according to EN 206-1, Table 2Natural soils and ground waterXA3 Highly aggressive chemical environmentaccording to EN 206-1, Table 2Natural soils and ground water

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