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4.the Forces

# 4.the Forces

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H.C Verma Part 1 And Part 2
H.C Verma Part 1 And Part 2

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10/14/2012

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4.1
SOLUTIONS TO CONCEPTS
CHAPTER –4
1.m = 1 gm = 1/1000 kgF = 6.67 × 10
–17
N
F =
221
mGm
6.67 × 20
–17
=
211
)1000/1()1000/1(1067.6
2
=
171717611
10101064.6 101067.6
= 1
r =1= 1 metre.So, the separation between the particles is 1 m.2.A man is standing on the surface of earthThe force acting on the man = mg ………(i) Assuming that, m = mass of the man = 50 kg And g = acceleration due to gravity on the surface of earth = 10 m/s
2
W = mg = 50× 10= 500 N = force acting on the manSo, the man is also attracting the earth with a force of 500 N3.The force of attraction between the two charges=
29221o
1109qq41

The force of attraction is equal to the weightMg =
29
109
2
=
m10910m109
89
[Taking g=10 m/s
2
]
r =m103m109
48
mtFor example, Assuming m= 64 kg,r =
44
108364103
= 3750 m4.mass = 50 kgr = 20 cm = 0.2 m04.025001067.6 mmGF
11221G
Coulomb’s force F
C
=
221o
qq41

= 9 × 10
9
04.0q
2
Since, F
G
= F
c
=04.0q10904.02500107.6
2911
q
2
=25109107.6 04.02500107.6
9911
= 18.07 × 10
–18
q =
-18
1018.07
= 4.3 × 10
-9
C.
m
1
= 1 gmm
2
= 1 gm

Chapter-4
4.25.The limb exerts a normal force 48 N and frictional force of 20 N. Resultant magnitude of the force,R=
22
)20()48(
=4002304
=
2704
= 52 N6.The body builder exerts a force = 150 N.Compression x = 20 cm = 0.2 m
Total force exerted by the man = f = kx
kx = 150
k =2.0150=21500= 750 N/m7.Suppose the height is h. At earth station F = GMm/R
2
M = mass of earthm = mass of satelliteR = Radius of earthF=
2
)hR( GMm
=
2
R2GMm
2R
2
= (R + h)
2
R
2
–h
2
–2Rh = 0
h
2
+ 2Rh R
2
= 0H =
2R4R4R2
22
  
=
2R22R2
= –R ±R2= R
12
= 6400 × (0.414)= 2649.6 = 2650 km8.Two charged particle placed at a sehortion 2m. exert a force of 20m.F
1
= 20 N.
1
= 20 cmF
2
= ?
2
= 25 cmSince, F =
221o
qq41

, F
2
1
212221
FF
F
2
= F
1
×
221
  
= 20 ×
2
2520
  
= 20 ×2516=564= 12.8 N = 13 N.9.The force between the earth and the moon, F= G
2cm
mmF =
28242211
108.3 1061036.71067.6
=
16235
108.3 1036.767.6
= 20.3 × 10
19
=2.03 × 10
20
N = 2 ×10
20
N10.Charge on proton = 1.6 × 10
–19
F
electrical
=
221o
qq41

=
23829
106.1109
mass of proton =1.732 × 10
–27
kg
48NxFF