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24.Kinetic Theory of Gases

24.Kinetic Theory of Gases

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Published by Prashant Kumar
H.C Verma Part 1 And Part 2
H.C Verma Part 1 And Part 2

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Published by: Prashant Kumar on Oct 14, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/23/2013

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24.1
CHAPTER 24
KINETIC THEORY OF GASES
1.Volume of 1 mole of gasPV = nRT
V =
PRT
=
1273082.0
= 22.38
≈ 22.4 L = 22.4 × 10
 –3
= 2.24 × 10
 –2
m
3
2.n =RTPV=273082.0 1011
3
=4.2210
3
=224001No of molecules = 6.023 × 10
23
×224001= 2.688 × 10
19
3.V = 1 cm
3
, T = 0°C, P = 10
 –5
mm of Hgn =RTPV=RTVghƒ
=27331.8 11098036.1
6
= 5.874 × 10
 –13
No. of moluclues = No× n = 6.023 × 10
23
× 5.874 × 10
 –13
= 3.538 × 10
11
4.n =RTPV=273082.0 1011
3
=4.2210
3
mass =
4.223210
3
g = 1.428 × 10
 –3
g = 1.428 mg5.Since mass is samen
1
= n
2
= nP
1
=
0
V300nR
, P
2
=
0
V2600nR
21
PP
=
600nRV2V300nR
00
=11= 1 : 16.V = 250 cc = 250 × 10
 –3
P = 10
 –3
mm = 10
 –3
× 10
 –3
m = 10
 –6
× 13600 × 10 pascal = 136 × 10
 –3
pascalT = 27°C = 300 Kn =RTPV=
33
103003.8 25010136
=
6
103003.8 250136
No. of molecules =
236
106103003.8 250136
= 81 × 10
17
≈ 0.8 × 10
15
7.P
1
= 8.0 × 10
5
P
a
, P
2
= 1 × 10
6
P
a
,T
1
= 300 K,T
2
= ?Since, V
1
= V
2
= V
111
TVP
=
222
TVP
300V108
5
=
26
TV101
T
2
=
56
108300101
= 375° K8.m = 2 g,V = 0.02 m
3
=0.02 × 10
6
cc = 0.02 × 10
3
L, T = 300 K, P = ?M = 2 g,PV = nRT
PV = RTMm
P × 20 = 300082.0 22
P =20300082.0
= 1.23 atm = 1.23 × 10
5
pa
≈ 1.23 × 10
5
pa9.P =
VnRT
=
VRTMm
=
MRTƒ
ƒ
1.25 × 10
 –3
g/cm
3
R
8.31 × 10
7
ert/deg/moleT
273 K
M =
PRTƒ
=
769806.13 2731031.81025.1
73
= 0.002796 × 10
4
≈ 28 g/mol
600 KV
0
2V
0
300 K
 
Kinetic Theory of Gases
24.2
10.T at Simla = 15°C = 15 + 273 = 288 KP at Simla = 72 cm = 72 × 10
 –2
× 13600 ×9.8T at Kalka = 35°C = 35 + 273 = 308 KP at Kalka = 76 cm = 76 × 10
 –2
× 13600 × 9.8PV = nRT
PV = RTMm
PM = RTVm
ƒ =RTPMKalkaƒSimlaƒ=
MPRTRTMP
KalkaKalkaSimlaSimla
=
8.9136001076288 3088.9136001072
22
=
2887630872
= 1.013
SimlaƒKalkaƒ
=
013.11
= 0.98711.n
1
= n
2
= nP
1
=VnRT,P
2
=V3nRT
21
PP
=nRTV3VnRT
= 3 : 112.r.m.s velocity of hydrogen molecules = ?T = 300 K, R = 8.3,M = 2 g = 2 × 10
 –3
KgC =
MRT3
C =
3
1023003.83
= 1932. 6 m/s
≈1930 m/s
Let the temp. at which the C = 2 × 1932.6 is T
2 × 1932.6 =
3
102T3.83
(2 × 1932.6)
2
=
3
102T3.83
3.83 102)6.19322(
32
= T
T
= 1199.98
≈ 1200 K.
13.V
rms
=ƒP3P = 10
5
Pa = 1 atm,ƒ =
34
101077.1
=
435
1077.1 10103
= 1301.8
≈ 1302 m/s.
14.Agv. K.E. = 3/2 KT3/2 KT = 0.04 × 1.6 × 10
 –19
(3/2) × 1.38 × 10
 –23
× T = 0.04 × 1.6 × 10
 –19
T =
2319
1038.13 106.104.02
= 0.0309178 × 10
4
= 309.178
≈ 310 K
15.V
avg
=
MRT8
=
032.014.3 3003.88
T =SpeedcetanDis=25.44526400000
= 445.25 m/s=360083.28747km = 7.985
≈ 8 hrs.
16.M = 4 × 10
 –3
KgV
avg
=
MRT8
=
3
10414.3 2733.88
= 1201.35Momentum = M × V
avg
= 6.64 × 10
 –27
× 1201.35 = 7.97 × 10
 –24
≈ 8 × 10
 –24
Kg-m/s.
P
T
VVP
T
P
2T
3VVP
1 -
 
Kinetic Theory of Gases
24.3
17.V
avg
=
MRT8
=032.014.3 3003.88
Now,2RT8
1
=4RT8
2
21
TT
=2118.Mean speed of the molecule =
MRT8
Escape velocity = gr 2
MRT8
= gr 2
MRT8
= 2gr 
T =
R8Mgr 2
=
3.88 10214.364000008.92
3
= 11863.9
≈ 11800 m/s.
19.V
avg
=
MRT8
2avg2avg
NVHV=
RT8282RT8
=
228
=14= 3.7420.The left side of the container has a gas, let having molecular wt. M
1
Right part has Mol. wt = M
2
Temperature of both left and right chambers are equal as the separating wall is diathermic
1
MRT3
=
2
MRT8
1
MRT3
=
2
MRT8
21
MM
=
83
21
MM
=
83
= 1.1775
≈ 1.18
21.V
mean
=
MRT8
=
3
10214.3 2733.88
= 1698.96Total Dist = 1698.96 mNo. of Collisions =
7
1038.1 96.1698
= 1.23 × 10
10
22.P = 1 atm = 10
5
PascalT = 300 K, M = 2 g = 2 × 10
 –3
Kg(a) V
avg
=
MRT8
=
3
10214.3 3003.88
= 1781.004
≈ 1780 m/s
(b) When the molecules strike at an angle 45°,Force exerted = mV Cos 45° –(–mV Cos 45°) = 2 mV Cos 45° = 2 m V
21
=2mVNo. of molecules striking per unit area=
 Areamv2Force
=
mV2essurePr 
=
2335
10617801022 10
=
31
10178023
= 1.19 × 10
 –3
× 10
31
= 1.19 × 10
28
≈ 1.2 × 10
28
23.
111
TVP
=
222
TVP
P
1
 
200 KPa = 2 × 10
5
paP
2
= ?T
1
= 20°C = 293 KT
2
= 40°C = 313 KV
2
= V
1
+ 2% V
1
=100V102
1
293V102
15
=313100V102P
12
P
2
=293102313102
7
= 209462 Pa = 209.462 KPa

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