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Rain Gardens Across Maryland

Rain Gardens Across Maryland

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Published by: Maryland Native Plant Resources on Oct 14, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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Across Maryland
ainarden
Cleaning Maryland’s waterways one rain garden at a time.
 
 ii
Introduction
If you enjoyed reading
Rain Gardens in Maryland’s Coastal Plain 
, you will enjoy reading
Rain Gardens Across Maryland 
. This new and improved “how-to”manual discusses the benefits of incorporatingmultiple small-scale practices into a rain gardendesign. You will also learn how to:

Reduce impervious surfaces

Size your rain garden to capture themaximum rainfall amount

Select rain garden plants native to Maryland

Install rain barrels

Measure your rain garden’s performance
Environmental Site Design
For homeowners required to install stormwatermanagement practices, this manual providesenvironmental site design, or ESD sizing criteria forrain gardens. Just look for “ESD criteria”
 
textboxes. The ESD criteria outlines the minimumrequirements homeowners shall implement in order tosatisfy Maryland’s stormwater regulations and shouldbe approved by your local approving authority before you begin building your rain garden. Homeownersinstalling rain gardens voluntarily do not have to meetESD criteria.Title 4, Subtitle 201.1(B) of the StormwaterManagement Act of 2007 defines an ESD as usingsmall-scale stormwater management practices,nonstructural techniques, and better site planning tomimic natural hydrologic runoff characteristics andminimize the impact of land development on waterresources to the maximum extent practical. Underthis definition, ESD includes:

Minimizing impervious surfaces

Conserving natural features e.g., drainagepatterns, soil, vegetation

Slowing down runoff to maintain dischargetiming and to increase infiltration

Using other nonstructural practices orinnovative technologies approved by theMaryland Department of the Environment
Small-scale practices
Small-scale practices capture and treat stormwaterrunoff from impervious areas usually less than oneacre in size. These practices typically include naturalsystems, vegetation, and soils and may beinterconnected to create a more natural drainagesystem. Although this manual focuses on installingrain gardens, the ESD strategy requires thatstormwater management practices, including thesmall-scale practices listed below, be integrated intoone project to the maximum extent practical. Small-scale practices include:

Rain gardens

Rainwater harvesting

Submerged gravel wetlands

Landscape infiltration

Infiltration berms

Dry wells

Micro bioretention

Swales

Enhanced filters
Stormwater Design Manual
The primary goal of Maryland’s stormwatermanagement program is to maintain predevelopmentrunoff characteristics as nearly as possible. The ESDcriteria provides a comprehensive design strategy toachieve this goal and is described in
Maryland’s Stormwater Design Manual 
. To learn more about theMaryland Department of the Environment’s approvedrain garden ESD sizing criteria and other approvedsmall-scale practices, refer to chapter 5 of the
Maryland Stormwater Design Manual 
, “EnvironmentalSite Design
.” 
This document can also be found athttp://www.mde.state.md.us/Programs/WaterPrograms/SedimentandStormwater/swm2007.asp.
Preface
 
 iii
Table of Contents
Introduction................................................................................... 1Location............................................................................................. 5Sizing................................................................................................. 9Rain Garden Sizing Worksheet................................................... 14Construction..................................................................................... 17Planting.............................................................................................. 23Maintenance..................................................................................... 29Rain Garden Checklist.................................................................... 32Appendices....................................................................................... 33References....................................................................................... 44Acknowledgements......................................................................... 45Special Thanks................................................................................. 47

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