Tasawwuf and Sharia
The Shari`ah is of
to the Sufi path. Thispoint is very strongly made by the great Naqshbandi Sufi, ShaykhAhmad Sirhindi (also known as Imam ar-Rabbani), in his letters.Here is a small excerpt from one of his letters, where he clarifiesthis topic:The Shari`ah has three parts: knowledge, action, and sincerity ofmotive (
); unless you fulfil the demands of all these parts,you do not obey the Shari`ah. And when you obey the Shari`ahyou obtain the pleasure of God, which is the most supreme goodin this world and the Hereafter. The Qur'an says: "
The pleasureof God is the highest good." Hence, the Shari`ah comprehendsall the good of this world and the next, and nothing is left outfor which one has to go beyond the Shari`ah.
["way"] and the
["reality"] for which theSufis are known, are subservient to the Shari`ah, as they help torealize its third part, namely, sincerity. Hence they are sought inorder to fulfil the Shari`ah, not to achieve something beyondthe Shari`ah. The raptures and ecstasies which the Sufisexperience, and the ideas and truths which come to them in thecourse of their journey, are not the goal of Sufism. They arerather myths and fancies on which the children of Sufism arefed. One has to pass over them all and reach the stage ofsatisfaction (
) which is the final goal of
["travelling",i.e. the Sufi path] and
Thepurpose of traversing the stages of of
isnothing other than the realisation of
which involves theattainment of
. Only one out of a thousand Sufis is graced