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Good Governance and Development - UCH - 28 September 2012

Good Governance and Development - UCH - 28 September 2012

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1
GOODGOVERNANCE:APRE-REQUISITEFORNATIONALDEVELOPMENT
BEING A SPEECH IN COMMEMORATION OF THE 54TH ANNUAL HALLWEEK OF ALEXANDER BROWN HALL, UCH IBADANBYNASIR AHMAD EL-RUFAI
ONFRIDAY, 28th SEPTEMBER, 2012.
 
2
Introduction
Itisgratifyingbeingpartoftheeventofthe54thannualweekofAlexanderBrown
Hallofthisgreatinstitution–UniversityCollegeHospital(UCH)locatedatOrita–MefainthehistoricIbadan,renownedasthelargestindigenouscityinWestAfrica.Ibadanisnotableformanyfirsts.ItisinthecitythatthefirstTelevisionStationinBlackAfricadebutedin1959.Itisinthesamecitythatwerecordedthefirsteverparliamentarycarpet-crossing,whichsomehistoriansblamefortheentryoftribalisminNigerianpolitics.ItwasacriticaljuncturewhichchangedthepoliticalmilieuoftheSouthWestandNigeria.ImagineifDr.NnamdiAzikiwehadbeenthefirstpremieroftheWesternRegionwhileChiefAwoloworemainedleaderofOppositionbutnotatthecentre!Therippleeffectofthatevent,whichbecamethedeathknelloftheParliamentarySystemofgovernmentin1978,remainswithournationtilltoday.Thereisnodoubtthatyourcelebrationtodaywouldbringbackmemoriesofmanyhistoricaldevelopmentsthathavehadremarkableimpact,notonlyonNigeria,buttheentireWestAfricasub-region.Iamhappytobehere-thefirstTeachingHospitalinthecountry,inanenvironmentthatplayedhosttothefirstUniversityinNigeria.Goingdownmemorylane,itwouldberecalledthatUCHwasestablishedin1952
1
tomeettheprimaryaspirationofofferingclinicaltrainingforMedicalStudentsinthethenMedicalFacultyofUniversityCollege,Ibadan.TheCollege,nowUniversityofIbadan,wasthenacollegeoftheUniversityofLondon.Interestingly,in1974,IwasmisdiagnosedwithleukaemiaandhadbeenreferredtoUCHfromZaria–ascarypropositionatthetime.Butthatstoryisforanotherday.Today,theUCHisnotjustateachinghospital;itisabigtertiaryinstitutionwithvariousserviceandclinicaldepartmentswithmanyappendagesinvolvedincommunity-basedoutreachactivities.
2
Whateverthedevelopmentsrecordedinthismedicalinstitution,towhichAlexanderBrownHallisstrategic,reflectthevisionofofficialssaddledwiththeadministrationoftheentity.Thisleadsustothefocalpointofthislecture–thelinkbetweenGoodGovernanceandNationalDevelopment.Letmegiveacaveatthatgoodgovernanceisnotonlyapre-requisitefornationaldevelopment;itisTHEcatalystfordevelopmentateveryfacetoflife,atpersonal,groupandinstitutionallevels–bothmacroandmicro.Acatalystneedsotheradditionstoproducetherightoutcomes,soaseconomistswouldsay–“goodgovernanceisanecessary,butnotsufficientpre-requisitefordevelopment.”Iwillthereforesuggesttodaythatgoodpeopleinpoliticsprovidethevisionandeffortneededtoexploitanation’s

1
-http://uch-Ibadan.org.ng/about_uch
2
-Ibid
 
3
competitiveadvantagesandcreatetheinclusiveinstitutionsthatwouldenablegrowth,developmentandprosperity.
TheGoodGovernanceParadigm
Governance,generally,connotesmakingdecisionsandexercisingpoweroverpeople
3
eitherintowns/villages,states,countries,institutions–bothnationalandinternational.Governancehasbeeninpracticefromtimeimmemorial,whenhumanbeingsmovedfrombeingitineranthunter-gathererstoadoptingsedentarycommunalliving.Hundredsofyearsago,bothThomasHobbesin“Leviathan”andJean-JacquesRousseauinthe“SocialContract”articulatedthebasisforgovernanceofpeople–whentwoormorepeoplehavetolivetogether,onemustlead–whetherquitewellornotsowell.Whentheadjective‘Good’prefixestheword‘Governance’,wehaveaphrasethathasnowbecomeaglobalphenomenon.Governanceconsistsofthetraditionsandinstitutionsbywhichauthorityinacountryisexercised.Thisincludestheprocessbywhichgovernmentsareselected,monitoredandreplaced;thecapacityofthegovernmenttoeffectivelyformulateandimplementsoundpolicies;andtherespectofcitizensandthestatefortheinstitutionsthatgoverneconomicandsocialinteractionsamongthem.
4
TheWorldBankWorldwideGovernanceIndicators(WGI)projectreportsaggregateandindividualgovernanceindicatorsfor215economiesovertheperiod1996–2011,forsixdimensionsofgovernance:VoiceandAccountability,PoliticalStabilityandAbsenceofViolence,GovernmentEffectiveness,RegulatoryQuality,RuleofLawandControlofCorruption.TheseaggregateindicatorsdevelopedbyDannyKaufmann,AartKraayandMassimoMastuzzicombinetheviewsofalargenumberofbusiness,citizenandexpertsurveysinindustrialaswellasdevelopingcountries.TheWGIindicatorsarebasedon30individualdatasourcesproducedbyavarietyofsurveyinstitutes,thinktanks,non-governmentalorganizations,internationalorganizations,andprivatesectorfirmsThesedimensionsareconsistentwiththecharacteristicsofgoodgovernanceidentifiedbytheUnitedNationsEconomicandSocialCommissionforAsiaandthePacific(UNESCAP).Thesecomprisethefollowing:
 
Participation–bybothmenandwomeneitherthroughdirectorthroughlegitimateintermediateinstitutionsorrepresentatives;
 
RuleofLaw–fairlegalframeworksthatareenforcedimpartially;
 
Transparency–decisionstakenandtheirenforcementaredoneinamannerthatfollowslaiddownrulesandregulations;

3
-http://issues.tigweb.org
4
ThisistheWorldBank’sdefinition.Seehttp://info.worldbank.org/governance/wgi/index.aspaccessed26thSeptember,2012.

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