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Admin Tips

Admin Tips

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Published by Don Baraka Daniel

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Published by: Don Baraka Daniel on Oct 15, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/13/2014

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Network management
Definition:
network management refers to the activity, methods, procedures andtools that pertain to the
operation, administration, maintenance
and
provisioning 
of network systems.
Operation:
 
involves keeping services up and running; monitoring the network tospot problems
 Administration:
 
involves tracking resources, that is keeping the network under control,
Maintenance:
 
involves repairing, upgrading, device configuration, preventive andcorrective measures aimed at keeping the network at its best.
Provisioning:
includes configuring resources to attain the desired service egsetup Voice over Internet Protocol VoIP service.
 NETWORK MANAGEMENT: It’s the broad subject of managing computer networks. There exists a wide variety of software and hardware products thathelp network system administrators manage a network. Network management therefore covers a wide area, including:
Security:
Ensuring that the network is protected fromunauthorized users.
Performance:
Eliminating bottlenecks in the network.
Reliability:
Making sure the network is available to users andresponding to hardware and software malfunctions
Why Is Network Management Important?
Today the networks have become a critical piece of the business process soDowntime costs money and if they Efficient networks, that means additionalrevenue. Network management is a proactive tool and it gives many advantages like:- Provides visibility into current network operations- Reduces network cost of ownership- Leverages IT personnel
Network management has key functions such as
 
1.Fault management2.Configuration management3.Accounting management4.Performance management5.Security managementOthers are bandwidth management, network acquirement management. All these functions will require planning, controlling, allocating, deploying,coordinating and monitoring of the resources.
Fault management:
includes detecting, isolating and correcting malfunctioningnetworks. This can be done with the help of database information such as error log, error detection notifications, diagnostic test. For example Simple Networkmanagement Protocol SNMP send error notifications to operators, debugnotices. The information helps network administrators to monitor events, thesoftware can at times automatically take actions or probe human intervention.Fault management can be classified as;
Passive fault management 
–expects intelligent devices
 Active fault management 
- ping through alarms even if device is notresponding/active. Ping uses IP to test if device is reachable( Internet ControlMessage Protocol ICMP)
Configuration management 
: focuses on establishing and maintainingconsistence. Includes security features, assurance after hardware or software or firmware or documentation changes.
Software configuration management 
SCM that includeConfiguration identification- for end user purposeConfiguration control- set of processes requirement to make changesStatus accounting that deals with records and reports. Audits that deal with functional and performance attributes.
Hardware configuration
: deal with preventive and predictive maintenance
 Accounting managemen
- deals with the control and reports on financial viabilityof the network. Billing for network services etc
Performance management 
: involves meeting goals effectively and efficiently;reconciles personal goal with the goals of the employing organization.
 
It aims and attaining certain benefits such as financial gains- sales growth,reduced costs, project overruns, reduced goal accomplishment time ie aligningthe organization to its goals.
Motivation:
teamwork, transparency, confidence, good communication areimproved- not business as usual.
Management control 
: flexibility of working environment, compliance to standards,documentation etc.
Security management 
: asset management, physical security including that of human beings, documentation etc. security policies, procedures, guidelines onrisk assessment ( threats and vulnerabilities), risk analyses.
NETWORK DESIGNThe design should aim at addressing the following goals:-
Functionality
:Must allow users to meet their job requirements, it must provide user to user and user to application connectivity, with reasonable speedand reliability.
Scalability
The network must be able to grow, that is the initial design shouldgrow without any major changes to the overall design.
Adaptability
 The network must be design with an eye towards future technologyand should include no elements that would limit implementation of new technology as they become available.
Manageability
The network should be design to facilitate network monitoring andmanagement to ensure ongoing stability of operationIn order for a network to be effective and serve the need for its users,it should be implemented according to systematic series of plannedsteps.

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