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Simpson PDF

Simpson PDF

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Published by: ccareemail on Oct 15, 2012
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11/09/2012

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Evolutionary Perspectives onProsocial Behavior 
Jeffry A. SimpsonUniversity of Minnesota
 
Overview of the Talk 
 
Describe the environments in which earlyhumans evolved
 
Briefly review major evolutionary theories, whichreveal the theoretical
expansion
of how andwhy prosocial actions could have evolved inhumans
 
Discuss findings that support this expansion
 
 Features of Ancestral Environments
 
For 98% of human evolutionary history, our ancestors:
 –
 
lived as hunters and gatherers (Kelly, 1995), with men doing most hunting andwomen doing most gathering (Wood & Eagly, 2002) –
 
dwelt in small, cooperative bands (Richerson & Boyd, 2005) –
 
were biologically-related to most other tribe/group members (Foley, 1992) –
 
met strangers infrequently (Wright, 1994) –
 
lived in the same group their entire lives (Kelly, 1995) –
 
were raised by kin, extended family members, and tribe members, with oldersibs helping to raise younger sibs (Eibl-Eibesfeldt, 1989) –
 
cooperated extensively with kin and non-kin (Brewer & Caporeal, 2006)
 
These conditions are
ideal 
for the evolution of altruism (Cosmides & Tooby,1992).
 
Cooperative groups were the primary
survival strategy
of early humans(Brewer & Caporeal, 1990).

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