pest,use isease an insect-resistant pants,andmonitor your landscape to catch prob-lems early.If your plants have problems, first considertheir basic needs like proper pH, soil fertility,an rainage. Many potentia pests ont neeto be controlled. Learn to distinguish betweenminor damage and significant attacks. Trymechanical controls of pests and diseases suchas handpicking, trapping, or pruning. If youecie to use a pesticie, coose te east toxicone with the shortest residual that will beeffective. Learn to identify and appreciate ben-eficial insects. Contact the Home and GardenInformation Center to request FS 62, “IPM: Aommon-ense pproac.
Emissions from burned fossil fuels depositpollutants directly on Maryland waters of theChesapeake Bay, and on the land where theycan be washed into our waters. Actions takenat home to reduce energy usage and demandcan help reduce pollution. Use a non-pollut-ing reel mower to mow small areas. If a gas-powered mower is necessary, use an energy-efficient one with a cleaner burning engine.On air quality code-red days, avoid filling thegas tank and mowing during the hottest partof the day.Homeowners can use trees to reduce energyconsume y eating an air conitioningunits. Plant evergreen trees on the northwestside of the house to protect it from winterwinds. Deciduous trees planted on the southand southwest sides block the sun during thesummer an aow te sun to penetrate anwarm the house during the winter.
•If you want certain plants in your land-scape that require regular watering,group them so that you can water all of them at once and minimize waste.Use soaker hoses or drip-irrigation,instead of a sprinkler. The initial costmight be higher, but these devices do thejob with much less water, and send thewater right where it’s needed.•If you water your lawn, do so only whenthe grass shows signs that it needs water.The lawn will develop a blue-gray colorand will leave footprints when you walkon it. Water to a depth of at least 4-6inches.
Light, frequent watering canactually damage your lawn.
A newlyseeded or newly sodded lawn must bewatered regularly until it is established.Unless you have bluegrass, allow amature lawn to go dormant during dryspells. Dormancy during dry weather isa survival mechanism and the lawn willusually recover when rainfall returns.
Leave Buffer Strips
If you live next to a stream, lake, or otherbody of water, consider leaving a 25-foot orwider strip of unmowed grass or woodlandalong the water. This willslow water runoff and soil erosion,•filter water pollutants, andprovide food and shelter for wildlife.
Dea wit Pests Sensiy
Learn about Integrated Pest ManagementIPM). You can reuce or eiminate te use otraditional pesticides in your home landscapeand still have a desirable lawn or garden. Thebasics of IPM are:•plant a variety of species to avoid wide- sread damae b a sinle disease or
ae our ar a BayScape
The ultimate “Bay-friendly” landscape is a BayScape. Developed by the Alliance for theChesapeake Bay and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the BayScapes Program presentsa gradual plan for transforming a residential yard into an environmentally sound land-scape that benefits people, wildlife, and the Bay.