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Electric Guitar and Bass

Electric Guitar and Bass

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Published by Matt Gooch

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Published by: Matt Gooch on Oct 16, 2012
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02/11/2015

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Electric Guitar and Bass Guitar
The electric guitar sound is dependant on the instrument, the amplifier and the speakers, addto the room acoustics, the position of the speaker and the playing style and you canunderstand why the electric guitar can be difficult to record. The electric guitar can berecorded in the following ways1. Miked speaker.2. Direct Injection (DI)3. Miked and direct mixed.4. Through a guitar processor.
Microphone Choice
Because the frequency response of guitar speaker systems is limited, dynamic cardioid or microphones with a presence peak at 5kHz to, add punch are often used. Dynamicmicrophones are not as sensitive as capacitor microphones so there is less need to worry aboutextreme pressure levels produced by guitar amps.American producers tend to use capacitor microphones and this gives the American rock sound, which is not as fat as the British sound. Use whichever microphone gives you theresult you want.
Microphone Placement
Guitar amps can be close miked, miked from a distance or a combination of the two methodsusing two or more microphones. Treat the guitar amp as an instrument in its own right because different sounds come from different parts. The majority of the sound comes from thespeaker but even with a sealed cabinet some comes from the back and with an opened-backedcabinet as much comes from the front as back 
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Electric Guitar and Bass Guitar
Unless you want to get the sound of a full cranked up Marshall stack, in which case youwould set up the stack and mike from 10-12 feet away, you will probably want close mike thespeaker from some 12 inches (or less) in front of the cabinet to produce a bright, intimatesound which will cut through the mix. The microphone can be placed as close as the speaker cloth.In the case of open-backed cabinets, a fatter sound can be achieved if the back of the cabinetis miked. But remember that the phase of the back miked signal must be reversed so that it isin phase with the front miked signal.A third microphone can be added at several feet from the guitar speaker. This ambiencemicrophone is usually a capacitor model and will produce a softer more reverberant tone. Theclose miked signals are mixed with the ambience Mic signal.
Direct Injection
It is possible to record the guitar without miking it up at all, but the results are never the sameas a miked set up because the guitar amp and speaker colour the sound of the guitar by boosting mid and treble frequencies.The output impedance of the guitar’s pick-ups is too high for the mixer mic/line input and thiscan cause poor treble response. To overcome this mismatch a DI box is used. The guitar is plugged into the DI box and the DI box is connected to the mic/line input on the desk.
Guitar Processors
Guitar processors provide the guitarist with many simultaneous effects and can be pluggedstraight into a mixing desk. They tend to have some sort of speaker simulation circuitry,which tries to mimic the effect of real speakers using filters etc. The guitar is plugged into theguitar processor and then into the desk.
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