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Reverb

Reverb

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Published by Matt Gooch

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Published by: Matt Gooch on Oct 16, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/13/2014

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REVERBERATION
Reverberation
is the
 persistence of sound in a particular 
space after the original sound isremoved.
Reverberation (or REVERB):
is created when a sound is produced in an enclosed spacecausing a large number of echoes.
Creating reverberation effects
It is often desirable to create a reverberation effect for recorded or live music. A number of systems have been developed to facilitate or simulate reverberation.
Chamber(reverberators
The first reverb effects created for recordings used a real physical space as a natural echochamber. A loudspeaker would play the sound, and then a microphone would pick it upagain, including the effects of reverb. Although this is still a common technique, itrequires a dedicated soundproofed room, and varying the reverb time is difficult.
Plate(reverberators
A plate reverb system uses an electromechanicaltransducer , similar to the driver in aloudspeaker, to create vibration in a large plate of sheet metal. A pickup captures thevibrations as they bounce across the plate, and the result is output as an audio signal.Early units had one pickup for mono output, later models featured two pickups for stereouse. The reverb time can be adjusted by a damping pad, made from framed acoustic tiles.The closer the damping pad, the shorter the reverb time. However, thepad never touches the plate. Some units also featured a remote control.
Spring(reverberators
"Spring reverb" redirects here. For the album
Spring Reverb
 , see Spring Reverb(album) .
Folded line reverberation device. 
 
The folded coil spring is visible underside of the reverberation device.A spring reverb system uses a transducer at one end of a spring and a pickup at the other,similar to those used in plate reverbs, to create and capture vibrations within a metalspring. Guitar amplifiers frequently incorporate spring reverbs due to their compactconstruction and low cost. Spring reverberators were once widely used in semi- professional recording due to their modest cost and small size.Many musicians have made use of spring reverb units by rocking them back and forth,creating a thundering, crashing sound caused by the springs colliding with each other.The Hammond Organ included an inbuilt spring reverberator, making this a popular effect when used in a rock band.
Digital(reverberators
Digital reverberators use various signal processing algorithms in order to create thereverb effect. Since reverberation is essentially caused by a very large number of echoes,simple reverberation algorithms use multiple feedback delay circuits to create a large,decaying series of echoes. More advanced digital reverb generators can simulate the timeand frequency domain responses of real rooms (based upon room dimensions, absorptionand other properties). In real music halls, the direct sound always arrives at the listener'sear first because it follows the shortest path. Shortly after the direct sound, thereverberant sound arrives. The time between the two is called the "pre-delay."
Common parameters of a digital Reverb
Early Reflections
Usually controlled via
Room type
and/or
Room Size
 parameters.The
EARLY REFLECTIONS
enable the human brain toquickly identify the room size. They are therefore themost critical part of a reverb effect, if a room simulation isthe goal.
Predelay
Parameter Range : 0 to x millisecondsTime between Direct Signal and start of Reverb portion.The more space between you and walls or other reflectiveobjects, the greater the Predelay.

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