Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
6Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Chapter 3

Chapter 3

Ratings:

2.33

(3)
|Views: 6,485 |Likes:
Published by anil.gelra5140

More info:

Published by: anil.gelra5140 on Jan 21, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

11/18/2012

 
SSSSS
CIENCECIENCECIENCECIENCECIENCE
2424242424
Fibre to FabricFibre to FabricFibre to FabricFibre to FabricFibre to Fabric
33333
I
n Class VI you have learnt about some fibres obtained from plants. You also learnt that wool and silk fibres are obtained from animals. Woolis obtained from thefleecefleecefleecefleecefleece (hair) of sheep or yak. Silk fibres come fromcocoons of the silk moth. Do you know  which part of the sheep’s body yieldsfibres? Are you aware how these fibresare converted into the woollen yarn that  we buy from the market to knit sweaters?Do you have any idea how silk fibres aremade into silk, which is woven into saris?In this Chapter we shall try to findanswers to these questions.
 Animal fibres — wool and silk  Animal fibres — wool and silk  Animal fibres — wool and silk  Animal fibres — wool and silk  Animal fibres — wool and silk 3.1 W 3.1 W 3.1 W 3.1 W 3.1 W 
OOL OOL OOL OOL OOL 
 Wool comes from sheep, goat, yak andsome other animals. These wool-yieldinganimals bear hair on their body. Do youknow why these animals have a thick coat of hair? Hair trap a lot of air. Air isa poor conductor of heat, as you wouldlearn in Chapter 4. So, hair keeps theseanimals warm. Wool is derived fromthese hairy fibres.
 Activity 3.1 Activity 3.1 Activity 3.1 Activity 3.1 Activity 3.1
Feel the hair on your body and armsand those on your head. Do you findany difference? Which one seems coarseand which one is soft?Like us, the hairy skin of the sheephas two types of fibres that form itsfleece: (i) the coarse beard hair, and(ii) the fine soft under-hair close to theskin. The fine hair  provide the fibres for making wool. Some breeds of sheeppossess only fine under-hair. Their parents are specially chosen to give birthto sheep which have only soft under-hair. This process of selecting parentsfor obtaining special characters in their offspring, such as soft under hair insheep, is termed ‘selective breeding’.
Fig. 3.1Fig. 3.1Fig. 3.1Fig. 3.1Fig. 3.1 Sheep with thick growth of hair 
 Animals that yield wool Animals that yield wool Animals that yield wool Animals that yield wool Animals that yield wool
Several breeds of sheep are found indifferent parts of our country (Table 3.1).However, the fleece of sheep is not theonly source of wool, though woolcommonly available in the market is
 
IBREIBREIBREIBREIBRE
 
 TO TO TO TO TO
 ABRIC ABRIC ABRIC ABRIC ABRIC
2525252525
Fig. 3.6 Fig. 3.6 Fig. 3.6 Fig. 3.6 Fig. 3.6 Llama 
sheep wool (Fig. 3.1). Yak (Fig. 3.2) woolis common in Tibet and Ladakh. Angora  wool is obtained from angora goats,(Fig. 3.3) found in hilly regions such as Jammu and Kashmir. Wool is also obtained from goat hair (Fig. 3.4). The under fur of Kashmirigoat is soft. It is woven into fine shawlscalled Pashmina shawls. The fur (hair) on the body of camelsis also used as wool (Fig. 3.5). Llama and Alpaca, found in South America,also yield wool (Fig. 3.6 and 3.7).
 Activity 3.2 Activity 3.2 Activity 3.2 Activity 3.2 Activity 3.2
Collect pictures of animals whose hair is used as wool. Stick them in your scrap book. If you are unable to get pictures,try and draw them from the ones givenin this book.Find out words for sheep, goat, cameland yak in your local language and alsoin other languages of our country.
Fig. 3.7 Fig. 3.7 Fig. 3.7 Fig. 3.7 Fig. 3.7 Alpaca Fig. 3.2 Fig. 3.2 Fig. 3.2 Fig. 3.2 Fig. 3.2 Yak Fig. 3.3 Fig. 3.3 Fig. 3.3 Fig. 3.3 Fig. 3.3 Angora goat Fig. 3.4 Fig. 3.4 Fig. 3.4 Fig. 3.4 Fig. 3.4 Goat Fig. 3.5 Fig. 3.5 Fig. 3.5 Fig. 3.5 Fig. 3.5 Camel 
 Activity 3.3 Activity 3.3 Activity 3.3 Activity 3.3 Activity 3.3
Procure outline maps of India and the world. Find out and mark the places onthe map where you find animals that provide wool. Use different colours todenote the location for different wool yielding animals.
 
SSSSS
CIENCECIENCECIENCECIENCECIENCE
2626262626
From fibres to woolFrom fibres to woolFrom fibres to woolFrom fibres to woolFrom fibres to wool
For obtaining wool, sheep are reared. Their hair is cut and processed into wool. Let us learn about this process.
Rearing and breeding of sheep:Rearing and breeding of sheep:Rearing and breeding of sheep:Rearing and breeding of sheep:Rearing and breeding of sheep:
 If youtravel to the hills in Jammu & Kashmir,Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim, or theplains of Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthanand Gujarat, you can see shepherdstaking their herds of sheep for grazing.Sheep are herbivores and prefer grassand leaves. Apart from grazing sheep,rearers also feed them on a mixture of pulses, corn, jowar, oil cakes (materialleft after taking out oil from seeds) andminerals. In winter, sheep are kept indoors and fed on leaves, grain and dry fodder.Sheep are reared in many parts of our country for wool. Table 3.1 gives thenames of some breeds of sheep rearedin our country for producing wool. Thequality and texture of the fibres obtainedfrom them is also indicated in the table.Certain breeds of sheep have thick coat of hair on their body which yieldsgood quality wool in large quantities. Asmentioned earlier, these sheep are“selectively bred” with one parent beinga sheep of good breed.Once the reared sheep havedeveloped a thick growth of hair, hair isshaved off for getting wool.
Processing fibres into woolProcessing fibres into woolProcessing fibres into woolProcessing fibres into woolProcessing fibres into wool
 The wool which is used for knittingsweaters or for weaving shawls is thefinished product of a long process, which involves the following steps:Step I:Step I:Step I:Step I:Step I: The fleece of the sheep along with a thin layer of skin is removed from its body [Fig. 3.8 (a)]. This process is calledshearingshearingshearingshearingshearing. Machines similar to those used by barbers are used to shave off hair.Usually, hair are removed during the hot  weather. This enables sheep to survive without their protective coat of hair. Thehair provide woollen fibres. Woollenfibres are then processed to obtain woollen yarn. Shearing does not hurt the sheep just as it does not hurt when you get a hair cut or your father shaves his beard. Do you know why? The uppermost layer of the skin is dead. Also, the hair osheep grow again just as your hair does. Table 3.1 Some Indian breeds of sheep Table 3.1 Some Indian breeds of sheep Table 3.1 Some Indian breeds of sheep Table 3.1 Some Indian breeds of sheep Table 3.1 Some Indian breeds of sheepS.No. Name of breed Quality of woolState where found
1.LohiGood quality woolRajasthan, Punjab2.Rampur bushairBrown fleeceUttar Pradesh,Himachal Pradesh3.NaliCarpet woolRajasthan, Haryana, Punjab4.BakharwalFor woollen shawlsJammu and Kashmi5.MarwariCoarse woolGujara6.PatanwadiFor hosieryGujara

Activity (6)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
Baljot Bharaj liked this
Baljot Bharaj liked this
pramajum liked this
rkapoor279 liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->