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Theology on Satan: A Literary Analysis for Milton, Alighieri, Blake

Theology on Satan: A Literary Analysis for Milton, Alighieri, Blake

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Published by: Aurora on Oct 17, 2012
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Sarah Aurora W. Tabada July 10, 2012Literature 3 (2:30-4:00 TF)
Satan in Milton, Dante and Blake’s Perspective
 
In the beginning of time, angels were created by God to serve him and be hiscompanions in Heaven. For millions of years, all ethereal beings were living in peaceand harmony until one charismatic and ambitious angel by the name of Satanenvisioned himself as someone higher than the Creator. He persuaded and encouragedhis fellow angels with cunning words to accompany him in the war that he will ragedagainst God to fight for the throne of Heaven. He promised them full authority to ruleHeaven and he succeeded with his plan to gain followers but one thing that he did notthough of was what he stands to lose if they fail to win the battle. Hence, with Satanleading them, they set forth with their ambitious plan and waged a terrible war againstthe almighty God and at the end, they failed. Satan and his followers, due to the greatanger and disappointment of God, were banished from the Heavenly Paradise and werethrown into the depths of Hell, their glorious wings were cut off from their shoulders andthe light that has illuminated their body was also taken away replaced by a shroud of darkness that represents their unrepentant souls.
1
 More often than not,
when the word Satan is mentioned we’re reminded of the
times when our parents or some elderly scare us with his name and tells us that if we
don’t obey our parents or the people older than us and if we dis
obey the orders of Godwe will be taken away by Satan into the depths of hell.
Satan’s name represents
something dark, sinful, evil and dangerous.
More or less, Satan’s name is used as a
scary reminder of what happens to those who are disobedient and unkind.
 Although the Bible has enough information about the validity of Satan’s existence
and the story of his existence, people of the late centuries were still in ignorance or indenial
of Satan’s existence hence, great writers such as John Milton, Dante Alighieri
and William Blake wrote narrative poems about the existence of the invisible butpowerful beings such as God and Satan and the existence of Heaven and Hell. Thethree writers gave out different perspectives on the character of Satan but one thing thatmakes their Satan similar is that he is brought out as a manifestation of evil and plaguehumankind to get revenge. Satan in their perspective represents someone who isagainst God
and therefore sinful. The three writers’
Satan is different in the way he is
depicted in the story. In Milton’s
epic poem the
Paradise Lost,
Satan is a fallen angel,the most beautiful one, who lead the failed rebellion to gain control of Heaven againsttheir creator which is the almighty and all-knowing God. He is characterized assomeone who is deeply arrogant, powerful, charismatic, cunning and deceptive. He ispowerful and charismatic in a way that he was able to convince his fellow angels to
deny God’s
authority over them and was still capable of rallying demons to continuewith their rebellion against God.
 Although Milton’s purpose for 
Paradise Lost 
is to
defend God’s goodness
and justify his ways to man, Sa
tan’s character 
in the poem
 
is
1
 
Milton, John.
Paradise Lost 
.
Complete Poems and Major Prose 
. Ed. Merritt Y. Hughes.Indianapolis, IN: Hackett Publishing Co., 1957. 206-469.
 

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