Computer Application in Management 3
Our lifestyles have undergone a sea change with the advancement in technologyespecially in the field of computers. Computers are an integral part of our lifestyles todayand are found at offices, homes, schools, colleges, hotels, shops etc. This advance intechnology has made our lives easy and comfortable. For instance, we can execute a numberof activities using computer based systems- we can write a draft on word processor andemail it, make calculations using an electronic spreadsheet and incorporate graphics, createa database of friends with their phone numbers, addresses and e-mail ids etc. It is anarduous process to perform these activities using existing traditional methods.Computers can also simplify other tasks such as word processing, designing, web sitedevelopment, database management etc. Therefore, a computer should be referred to as a‘data processor’.
1.2 Introduction to Computer
The computer comprises of technologically advanced hardware put together to workat great speed. To accomplish its various tasks, the computer is made of different parts, eachserving a particular purpose in conjunction with other parts. In other words, a 'computer' isan ensemble of different machines that you will be using to accomplish your job. Acomputer is primarily made of the Central Processing Unit (usually referred to as thecomputer), the monitor, the keyboard and the mouse. Other pieces of hardware, commonlyreferred to as peripherals, can enhance or improve your experience with the computer.
The origin of computer technology took place in the 19
century. People desired tohave a machine that would carry out mathematical calculations for them. The ABACUS isconsidered to have been the first computer in the world. It was used to perform simplemeasurements and calculations. ABACUS is available even today for school going children.In the 17th century, a scientist named Pascal developed a machine that couldperform mathematical calculations. This machine comprised of a number of gears. Themovement of gear mechanism was used to perform some calculations. He named themachine PASCALINE.However, the concept of the modern computer was propounded by the scientist andmathematician Charles Babbage. He first wrote on the use of logic and loops in processexecution. Based on the concept of logic and loops, Babbage envisaged two models for