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Forest governance and implementation of REDD+ in India - Sukanya Kadyan

Forest governance and implementation of REDD+ in India - Sukanya Kadyan

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Published by Naresh Kadyan

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Published by: Naresh Kadyan on Oct 18, 2012
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01/23/2013

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The Energy and Resources Institute
w w w . t e r i i n . o r g
Forest governance and implementation of REDD+ in India
 
3
Forest governance andimplementation of REDD+ in India
Dr J V Sharma and Priyanka Kohli
Introduction
F
orest governance in context to REDD+ is a complex issue as it involvesthe participation o multiple stakeholders and also holds diversiedinterests o individuals and communities across dierent scales such aslocal, national, and global, with unbiased decision-making by a group o policymakers, community representatives, government ocials, and other expertsand practitioners. Good governance is a orm o political decision-making thatemphasizes legality (rules to resolve conficts), legitimacy (acceptance and trustby the public that ensure accountability), and participation (inclusiveness indecision-making process). The achievement o good governance is hinged onmutually supportive and cooperative relationships among dierent stakeholderssuch as the government, the private sector, and civil society.Forest governance is identied as critical to the success o REDD+.Implementation o robust REDD+ strategy is possible through CommunityBased Forest Governance. Historically, orest governance in India establishedtowards the middle o the 19
th
century was mainly engaged in exploration,demarcation, reservation, and exploitation o orests or timber. The orestdepartment, which was set up in 1864 under the Government o India withDietrich Brandis as its rst Inspector General o Forests, dealt with all mattersrelated to orests (Sarap 2004). Thereater, the Indian Forest Service wascreated in 1867 and Provincial Forest Service created in 1891 to provide linkbetween Indian Forest Service and subordinate executive service. Followingthis, scientic orest management began in 1871. Over time, the orestry sectorwas adversely aected, not only by a rapid increase in human and livestockpopulation, but also by inadequate investments and the transormation o orestland to non-orestry activities. Thereore, currently orests are natural resourceso local, national, and global concern. Globally, the major issues in the orestrysector are biodiversity conservation and enhancing carbon sequestration.Simultaneously, the key national issues are achieving biodiversity conservation,recognizing and maintaining the ecosystem services, and ensuring a sustainablesupply o orest products. Besides these, orests are under watch locally or thecollection o Minor Forest Produce, providing a livelihood to billions, and assacred grooves by indigenous communities. Other problems include inadequatepublic awareness o the ecosystem services o orests, undervaluation o orestcontributions to GDP, technological gaps, insucient unding, and lack o adequately trained “rontline” orest sta.Hence, the Forest Policy, which emerged in 1894, was implementedto manage state orests or public benet. Certain regulations o rights andrestrictions o privilege ensured the use o orests by neighbouring populationand not only or commercial purposes. In 1921, the responsibility o orest
Forest governance isidentified as critical tothe success of REDD+.Implementation of robust REDD+ strategy is possible throughCommunity BasedForest Governance.

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