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First Line of Defence: Assessing the potential of local food reserves in the Sahel

First Line of Defence: Assessing the potential of local food reserves in the Sahel

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Published by Oxfam

Acute food crises continue to reverse positive development trends in sub-Saharan Africa. As the international community attempts to address the challenges of food security, the focus has largely been on two issues: the devastating effects of food price volatility on the most vulnerable populations, and recurrence of acute food crises. Food reserves have potential to be a first line of defence against food insecurity, but there is a lack of analysis focusing specifically on how food reserves can be used at different levels and in a range of ways. Oxfam's report aims to fill that gap by analysing recent experiences with local food reserves in the Sahel region, reviewing the factors that determine their failure or success, and assessing innovative instruments (such as linking local food reserves to national reserves; index insurance and stabilization funds) that could contribute to their improvement.

Updated in Janury 2013

Acute food crises continue to reverse positive development trends in sub-Saharan Africa. As the international community attempts to address the challenges of food security, the focus has largely been on two issues: the devastating effects of food price volatility on the most vulnerable populations, and recurrence of acute food crises. Food reserves have potential to be a first line of defence against food insecurity, but there is a lack of analysis focusing specifically on how food reserves can be used at different levels and in a range of ways. Oxfam's report aims to fill that gap by analysing recent experiences with local food reserves in the Sahel region, reviewing the factors that determine their failure or success, and assessing innovative instruments (such as linking local food reserves to national reserves; index insurance and stabilization funds) that could contribute to their improvement.

Updated in Janury 2013

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Published by: Oxfam on Oct 18, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/20/2014

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OXFAM RESEARCH REPORTS
Oxfam Research Reports
are written to share research results, to contribute to public debateand to invite feedback on development and humanitarian policy and practice. They do not nec-essarily reflect Oxfam policy positions. The views expressed are those of the author and notnecessarily those of Oxfam. 
www.oxfam.org
FIRST LINE OFDEFENCE
 Assessing the potential of local food reserves inthe Sahel
GABRIEL PONS CORTÈSITZIAR GÓMEZ CARRASCO
Despite existing literature on the different modalities of food reserves, there is adearth of specific analysis focusing on the potential of the first line of defenceagainst food insecurity. The aim of the present study is to address this gap byanalysing recent experiences, reviewing the factors that can determine or condition their failure or success, and assessing innovative instruments (suchas linking local reserves to national food reserves, index insurance andstabilization funds) that could also contribute to their improvement.
 
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First Line of Defence: Assessing the potential of local food reserves in the Sahel
 
CONTENTS
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Acknowledgements 47
 
 
First Line of Defence: Assessing the potential of local food reserves in the Sahel 3
 
 ACRONYMS
 AAAE
 Association Aidons l‟Afrique Ensemble
 CIMMYT International Maize and Wheat Improvement CentreECOWAS Economic Community of West African StatesFEPAB Fédération des Professionnels Agricoles du Burkina FasoFSR Food security reservesHARITA Horn of Africa Risk Transfer for AdaptationLFR Local food reservesSDC Swiss Agency for Development and CooperationWFP World Food ProgrammeWRS Warehouse Receipt Systems

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