US History HonorsOctober 4th, 20121 |Page Chapter 7, Section 1 Textbook Notes
Section 1: Moving West
, 1889: Thousands grab land in Oklahoma.
, author of
: Describes ^.
> 50,000 men/women/children stake claims.
: Settle on the land for a number of years before ownership.
^Oklahoma Rush = successful.
Millions of acres of Sioux land in South Dakota taken by settlers.
1900s: Native American reservation land taken by settlers.
Homestead Act of 1862
: Awarded 160 acres for 5 years of farming.
Increased immigration from Europe.
“Cattle kingdom:” Texas steer (cow) purchased for $5
-6, sold for $60-70.
1880s: Beef prices lowered due to drought and oversupply of cows.
: Works with cows, lol. $40-50 per month. (
Chaparajos, lariat, rodeo
Seasonal workers, prized possession = saddle.
1/3 of cowhands were African American or Hispanic American.
: Rich vein of silver in Nevada.
1859 to 1882: Yielded > than $292 million.
Pacific Railroad Act
: Authorized Union Pacific Railroad to lay track westward fromOmaha, Nebraska to Sacramento.
Passed by Congress in 1862.
Chinese & Irish pro at railroad construction.
7,000 Chinese laborers at work on the line.
Union Pacific heavily relied on Irish immigrant labor.
, governor of California, puts in final piece(golden stake) to railway at Promontory, Utah.
Summer of 1860
: Lieutenant Henry Maynadier quotes Sioux elder: “We are glad to havethe traders, but we don’t want you soldiers and roadmak
ers; the country is ours and weintend to keep it.
1871: Federal government decreed all Western Native American nations must relocate toSouth Dakota or Oklahoma.
Native Americans lost two rights.