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Chin (Falam) Casiar Bu (Level III A)

Chin (Falam) Casiar Bu (Level III A)

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Published by B A Thang Salai

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Published by: B A Thang Salai on Oct 19, 2012
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07/09/2013

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- 1 -
1. Cathiamnak (Literacy)
1.1 Literacy cu ziang a si?
A nungmi miphun pakhat hrangah amai’ tappi qongin ca a thiam ding hi lo theih lo ih a qulmi a si. Kawl ramsungahcun miphun kip hrangih cazirnak program hiKristian mission thaw’n qhenaw thei lo in afehtlangringringmi a si. Tulaifang ah MCC, Myanmar Bible Society, le a dang pawlkom pawl ih hohanak inmiphun malte pawl hrangah calai program quansuah rerolaifang a si. Cathiamnak lam thaw’n pehparin a hrampi lea thupitnak pawl a hnuailam bangtuk in kan tarlang ding.
1.1.1Cathiamnak timi ih sulllam panga (5) -
(a) Cathiam timi cu mai’ tappi qong ih ngan thiam, siar thiam hi a si.(b) Cathiam timi cu minung ih covo hrampi pakhat a si.Tappi qong thiamnak ihsin camthiamlonak hlohter ding asi.(c) Cathiam ti tikah ngan cia ih suahmi thuthang, thu lehla qha te’n siar ih theihfiangtheinak ihsin mipi lakah telthei in mai’ tumtahmi hlensuahtheinak, mai’ neihmifimnak le thil titheinak qhanlenter kha a si.(d) Cathiamnak in namneh a simi pawl runsuaknak thaw’na pehtlaiawringringmi a si.(e) Cathiam timi cu mi hmuahhmuah in famkim sinsin ihminung sinak ding taktak lam hruaitu a si.
 
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1.1.2 Leilung pumpi dinhmun
Cathiam timi hi leitlung pumpi minung pawlhrangih a thupizetmi thil pakhat a si. United Nations khalin 2003-2012 karlak hi United Nations-Literacy Decade,cathiam kum sawmbu pakhat ti ah thu a khiah. Leilungtlunah cathiam lo mipum 774 millions an um ih cu pawllakah 2/3 cu nunaupawl an si. Cu ruangah “Nunau in cazir seh, rampi in fim zir seh” timi thuken tiang a suahnak a si. Nauhak mipum 72 millions tluk cu fimthiamnak zir thei lo ih a ummi an si. Cu pawl hi mai’ tappi qong ih casiar ding le zir ding a mal ruangah an thiamciaminunpehter ding hman ah harsatnak a um. Cathiamnak incaan rei daihmi qhansonak a suahpi. Farahnak sungkhalinruntu a si. Canvo tampi lam a hmuhsak thei. Nu le pacanrualawktheinak le kiangkap kilkhawitheinak dingthinlung qhangsotertu a si ti ah UN Secretary in a rak simdah. Cathiamnak ih minung qhathnemnak a pek zia,minung le minung karlakah pehltaihnak qhathnemnak a pek zia pawl a corantu leilungpi din uh si “, ti ah UNESCODirector General Koichiro Matsuura in a ti.
1.2 Cathiamnak ih thupitnak (Importance of Literacy)
Miphun pakhat in a tappi qong a hlohter ah cunmiphun cu a hlo cih thei mai. Ca kan zirh timi cun miphun pakhat pilral lo dingin runsuahnak a si. Miphun, biaknak,thuthangqha humhimnak hrangah lo theih lo ih um qul asi ruangah amai’ miphun ih hrampi titoihtu vek a si. Cathiamnak thawng in mai’ muphun le nunphung nungter ih karhzaitertheitu a si ruangah miphun pakhat kha sangah zuang thei dingin thla bunsak vek a si.
 
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1.2.1 Cathiamnak cu qong tinungtertu a si
Leilung tlunah qong phun 6912 a um ih kawl ramsungah phun 108 a um (Ethnologue 14
th
Edition). Cipciar deuh in kan zoh a si le Kawl ram sungah qong phun 200lai um thei a si.Leilung tlunih a ummi qong pawl ih an nun thei lethei lo um dan cu a tlangpi thu in phun thum ah kan qhenthei. Cu pawl cu: A nung ih a cakzetmi qong, A hlo zik cuahcomi qong, a hloreromi qong pawl tla an si. Qong arak um dah zo na’n a hmangtu an um lo ah cun a hlomi(thi) qong a si. Ahrekkhat qong pawl cu thil phunphunruangah a hlo zik cuahcomi dinhmun ah an thleng. Thu phunphun ti tikah cui’ qong neitu miphun pawl in an qongan ngai thupi lo ah cun qihnungza ngaingai a si.Culawngsiloin kiangkap qong ih hnaihnoknak khal a umthei. Cu pawl dosuak thei dingin hriamnam qha le thazangcak bik cu cui’ a tong hmangtu miphun thotho a si. Anungmi qong le a hlozikmi qong pawl ih an danawknak thuhla hrekkhat pawl kan tarlang ding.
A nungmi qong:
1. Hmun tin ih hmanmi (inn, bazar, zung, tlawng, etc.2. Thu phunphun ih hmanmi (biaknak, pursumleilawnnak,cozah lam, pawlkom,etc.)3. Mi hmuahhmuah in an hmanmi (upa, nauta, mipa,nunau, etc.)4. Pehtlaihawknak ih hmantammi (TV,VCD, Radio,magazine, literature,etc.)5. Mi phun dang pawl in an zirmi

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