1. Steam and condensate piping should be routed in the most efficient mannerallowable, such that maximum loading per linear-foot of pipe may be achieved.2. Steam and condensate system should include valving appropriate for requiredisolation of branch and main lines.3. Piping should be routed to avoid roads, pedestrian access ways, railroad tracks, andpaths of ingress and egress around buildings where possible.4. Steam and condensate distribution must be designed as “three-pipe” system: steamdelivery, pressurized condensate return, and pumped condensate return piping mustbe utilized. High-pressure condensate from main drip trap stations must not bereturned to any pumped condensate piping. If installation of a high-pressurecondensate line is not feasible, discharge from steam trap stations should be pipedto the nearest building flash tank/condensate receiver.5. Where steam and condensate piping are run in accessible tunnels, pipe insulation tobe calcium silicate with aluminum jacketing. Non-ferrous wire or straps should beused to secure jacketing.6. Where steam and condensate piping are direct-buried, piping must be of pre-insulated, three-layer piping system. System must include a carrier pipe, steelconduit, and impermeable outer membrane. Designer should select insulation layersappropriate to the project. Thermacor Duo-Therm “505” or equivalent is acceptable.7. Steam piping to be Schedule 40 carbon (black) steel, ASTM A106, all weldedconstruction. 300-pound rated fittings to be used throughout.8. Condensate piping to be Schedule 80 carbon (black) steel, ASTM A106, all weldedconstruction. Schedule 80 fittings to be used throughout.9. Where possible, all steam and condensate piping should be installed in a mannerthat allows gravity return of condensate.10. Acceptable methods of pipe thermal expansion compensation are U-bend“expansion loops” and metal bellows-type mechanical expansion joints. No othermethods should be used.11. Condensate collection pockets (“drip legs”) should be placed in steam piping atintervals no greater than 300 feet, AND at steam pipe elevation changes. Drip legpiping should be full line-size in distribution piping up to 6-inch NPS, and at leastone-half the nominal diameter for all piping over 6-inch diameter, but not less than 6inches in diameter. Drip legs should be 12-18 inches long (unless space conditionsprohibit), and should include steam trap stations. Drip legs and steam trap stationsmust be accessible via manhole.