Some of the drilling mud is then forced into the surrounding rocks duringdrilling. The rocks act as a filter, and the solid mud particles are plastered tothe sides of the well to form a filter or mud cake as the fluids enter the rock.The filter cake is very hard. It stabilizes the sides of the well and preventssubsurface fluids from flowing into the well.
After a well has been drilled,the drilling mud is disposed of and not reused. If it isfresh water drilling mud, it can be spread on the adjacent land tofertilize the crops (land farming).Salt water, oil-based, and emulsiondrilling mud,however, usually have to be trucked away to a disposal site.On an offshore drilling rig, a barge can be used to bring the mud ashore to adisposal site.