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Mathematics Internal Assessment Type II Fish Production

# Mathematics Internal Assessment Type II Fish Production

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IB MATHS SL IA FISH PRODUCTION
IB MATHS SL IA FISH PRODUCTION

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08/16/2013

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Introduction
The aim of this task investigates the activity of commercial fishing in acertain country in the sea environment, as well as fish farms. The setsof data from both fish caught in the sea, as well as fish from the fishfarms. This data was obtained from the UN statistics Division CommonDatabase. The main purpose of this task is to define the variables and parameters/constraints of the data given, and using technology, plot the data pointsinto a graph, and develop, and discuss a model for the different datapoints for both environments that relate to their trends Different types of software will be utilized to develop the models foreach set of data points for both the environments, accompanied bytwo separate graphs for each type of environment. After the functionsand models are made, they will be used to describe the current trendsobserved by each environment, along with possible future trends.
Definition of variables and parameters/constraints
Before we can plot the data points into a graph, we must first definethe variables from the data given, as well as discuss any parameters.There are two different variables given to us, namely the
independent
and
dependent
variables. The different variables in the given data are asfollows:
Independent: The independent variable would be the year. Thisvariable is changed by increasing the year by one, and taking noteof the total mass of fish caught in that particular month.
Dependent: The dependent variable for this set of data would bethe amount of fish caught in each year. This variable is observedby noticing the mass of fish caught after every incremental changeto the year. The mass of fish caught can only change when theyear has changed, which is why it is
dependent
on the change of years The parameters or constraints in a particular set of data points arethe factors in the mathematical model that are constants related tothe independent and dependent variables. They are also known as
constant
variables in a set of data points. Possible parameters may

be environmental factors such as the weather, economical factors,government policies, demands of the fish in local and internationalmarkets and so on.
Plotting of points (Fish caught in the sea)
The data points were plotted using GeoGebra 4 for Mac OSX, and thex values have been substituted for a better fit of the graph. The pointshave been plotted into the scatter point graph below:
Trends found in the graph
Upon first glance of the graph, we can notice a number of trends andcharacteristics of the graph. From the years 1980 to 1988, or in termsof the graph, until the 8
th
point of the x-axis, there is a linear increaseor increment observed in the graph, in fact, we can see that the entiregraph reaches its highest point in 1988, at approximately 670 tonnes of fish caught. Furthermore, the number of fish caught tends to reduce,thus resulting in a lesser total mass of fish caught, hence the graphdepicting a downward slope. This continues until the year 1991, wherethe graph is at its lowest point, at approximately 357 tonnes of fishcaught. After the year 1991, the graph displays another upward slope allthe way to the year 1995, where the graph reaches its second highestpoint, at approximately 634 tonnes of fish caught. After the year 1995all the way to 2006, the graph fluctuates and rises and falls therebyproviding a wave-like form. Overall, the only decrease we can see in the

graph is between the years 1998 and 1991.
Suggestion of models
According to the trends in the graph that were observed, a number of models or functions may be associated with a particular set of points inthe graph, which results in a number of models that can be suggestedfor the graph such as:
Linear function:
The graph displays a constant or linearincremental increase in a number of areas, and as a whole, thegraph also appears to be increasing as the total mass of fishincreases every year with the exception of decreasing sometimes.Therefore, a linear model can be used to describe the graph
Cubic function:
The graph, particularly from the year 1988,illustrates the shape of a cubic graph or what the graph of acubic function may appear to look like, as it shows a upward anddownward sloping shape of the graph, which may be related to acubic function, hence the graph can also be interpreted by a cubicfunction or model
Polynomial function:
A polynomial graph is generally representedby an alternating increase and decrease of the graph, whichthis graph in particular illustrates a great amount, as apolynomial graph is best described as a collection of “upward”and “downward” curves, hence it is the best way to describe thisgraph.As we can see, a number of functions may be used to describe thisgraph. In other words, this graph may also be interpreted as a
piecewisefunction
which is a function used to describe a graph with a numberof functions according to particular intervals in the graph and differenttrends are observed in different parts of the graph
Analytical Development of models to relate with data points
Since this is a piecewise function, to develop the suitable models for thedata points of the graph, the graph must be divided into a number of parts according to the trends observed. Since the table has been dividedinto 3 different intervals, which is also reflected in the graph, as differenttrends are noticed in 3 different intervals of the graph, the graph will beseparated into 3 different intervals and each interval will be analyzedand a suitable model will be developed. The 3 different intervals are: