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56751551 Unit 4 Rate of Reaction Questions

56751551 Unit 4 Rate of Reaction Questions

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Published by: Jaslinder Kaur Dhillon on Oct 21, 2012
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1
1.
The kinetics of the hydrolysis of the halogenoalkane RCH
2
Cl with aqueous sodium hydroxide(where R is an alkyl group) was studied at 50 ºC. The following results were obtained:Experiment[RCH
2
Cl][OH
] Initial rate/mol dm
–3
s
–1
 1 0.050 0.104.0 × 10
–4
 2 0.15 0.101.2 × 10
–3
 3 0.10 0.201.6 × 10
–3
 (i) Deduce the order of reaction with respect to the halogenoalkane, RCH
2
Cl, and withrespect to the hydroxide ion, OH
, giving reasons for your answers.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
(4)
(ii) Hence write the rate equation for the reaction.................................................................................................................................
(1)
(iii) Calculate the value of the rate constant with its units for this reaction at 50 ºC.
(2)
 
(iv) Using your answer to part (ii), write the mechanism for this reaction.
(3)(Total 10 marks)
2.
In the vapour phase sulphur trioxide dissociates:2SO
3
(g) 2SO
2
(g) + O
2
(g)(a) (i) Write an expression for
p
for this dissociation.
(1)
(ii) At a particular temperature, 75% of the sulphur trioxide is dissociated, producing apressure of 10 atm. Calculate the value of 
p
 
at this temperature paying, attentionto its units.
(5)
 
(b) Solid vanadium(V) oxide, V
2
O
5
, is an effective catalyst for this reaction. State the effectof using double the mass of catalyst on:(i) the position of the equilibrium;........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
(1)
(ii) the value of 
p
.........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
(1)(Total 8 marks)
3.
In an experiment to determine the rate of the reaction between persulphate ions and iodide ionsin aqueous solutionS
2
O
28
+ 2I
 
2SO
24
+ I
2
 the following data were obtained:
Concentration/mol dmS O0.1000.2000.200I0.1000.360.1000.720.2001.44
282––331
Initial rate /mol dm s
 (a) (i) Deduce the order of reaction with respect to each of the reagents and hence writethe rate equation for the reaction.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
(3)
(ii) With reference to this reaction state what is meant by the
overall order
of a

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