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Application of soil nail method for slope stability purpose

Application of soil nail method for slope stability purpose

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Published by victoryeung
Landslide is a common natural disaster around the world. Many human loss and injuries occur due to different types of landslide. Through the last couple of decades, different kind of landslide preventive measures had been developed for reducing the hazard. Each preventive measure has its unique technique and application benefit. One of the most common slope stabilization methods is soil nailing.

Soil nail application has been developed in the last 30 years. This method is growing rapidly and becoming more popular because of its advantages. Use of soil nail for reinforcing unstable slopes is one of the most favorable solutions in geotechnical engineering practice. Thus, soil nail application for slope stabilization will have a good potential for development in future.

This project will present the application of soil nail for slope stabilization. The benefits and limitations of soil nail and its construction procedure are described. In addition, design requirements and quality control specifications are explained. Slope stability analysis using “SLOPE/W” code is demonstrated and a design method of soil nail using Slope/W is described in detail. Two selected case studies, located in Hong Kong and Australia, are presented to demonstrate effectiveness of soil nail system for slope stabilization. These case studies present a typical design method used for soil nail walls. A simplified hand calculation method is compared with the limit equilibrium approach used in Slope/W code.

It should be noted that soil nailing is one of the methods used for stabilizing medium size slopes. Enhancing public education for the landslide hazard is the desirable way for preventing human loss and property damage in high landslide risk areas. In this study, some recommendations on increasing public awareness about landslide hazard are described as well.

Landslide is a common natural disaster around the world. Many human loss and injuries occur due to different types of landslide. Through the last couple of decades, different kind of landslide preventive measures had been developed for reducing the hazard. Each preventive measure has its unique technique and application benefit. One of the most common slope stabilization methods is soil nailing.

Soil nail application has been developed in the last 30 years. This method is growing rapidly and becoming more popular because of its advantages. Use of soil nail for reinforcing unstable slopes is one of the most favorable solutions in geotechnical engineering practice. Thus, soil nail application for slope stabilization will have a good potential for development in future.

This project will present the application of soil nail for slope stabilization. The benefits and limitations of soil nail and its construction procedure are described. In addition, design requirements and quality control specifications are explained. Slope stability analysis using “SLOPE/W” code is demonstrated and a design method of soil nail using Slope/W is described in detail. Two selected case studies, located in Hong Kong and Australia, are presented to demonstrate effectiveness of soil nail system for slope stabilization. These case studies present a typical design method used for soil nail walls. A simplified hand calculation method is compared with the limit equilibrium approach used in Slope/W code.

It should be noted that soil nailing is one of the methods used for stabilizing medium size slopes. Enhancing public education for the landslide hazard is the desirable way for preventing human loss and property damage in high landslide risk areas. In this study, some recommendations on increasing public awareness about landslide hazard are described as well.

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Published by: victoryeung on Jan 22, 2009
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08/19/2013

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Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology
School of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Application of Soil ailing for Slope Stability PurposebyVictor Yeung
Student Number: 10240810Project Number S08 097Major: Civil EngineeringSupervisor: Dr. Behzad FatahiA 6 Credit Point Project submitted in partial fulfillment of theRequirement for the Degree of Bachelor of Engineering21 November 2008
 
 Statement of Originality
The work contained in this thesis report is the sole work of the author. Fragments of textsthat’s that were used from other sources have been properly acknowledged and the theories,results and designs that have been used in this report have been appropriately referenced andall sources of assistance have been acknowledged.
Victor Yeung21
st
ovember , 2008
 
Contents
Page
1.0
 
Introduction
1.1
 
Statement of Problem 11.2
 
Objective 11.3
 
Structure of Dissertation 1
2.0
 
Literature Review
2.1
 
Principle Theory of Slope Failure
3
 
2.2
 
Factors affect the slope stability
4
2.3
 
Slope failure hazard
7
 2.4
 
Landslide hazard identification
9
 2.5
 
Consequence-to-life Category
10
 2.6
 
Australia Landslide risk zone category
11
 2.7
 
Major landslide in past history (Hong Kong & Australia)
12
 
2.7.1
 
Hong Kong
12
 
2.7.2
 
Australia
13
 2.8
 
Past method of slope failure prevention
14
 2.9
 
Current method of slope prevention in present
15
 
2.9.1
 
Soil nail
15
 2.9.2
 
Bio-Engineering
15
 
2.9.3
 
Soil Re-compaction & No-fine Replacement
16
 2.9.4
 
Other method
17
 
3.0
 
Application of Soil nailing for slope stabilization
3.1
 
Principle theory of soil nailing
18
 3.2
 
Soil nail history and Development
19
 3.3
 
Function of soil nail
20
 3.4
 
Different between soil nail and soil anchor 
21
 3.4.1
 
Maintenance
21
 3.5
 
Soil nail application in different construction purpose
22
 3.6
 
Advantage of Soil nail for slope stability
23
 3.7
 
Limitation of soil nail
24
 
4.0
 
Construction method of soil nails
4.1
 
The compound of the soil nail
25
 4.2
 
Introduce the soil nail construction equipment
26
 4.3
 
Soil nail construction procedure summary
27
 4.4
 
The major procedure of soil nails construction
28
 

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