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Particulate Matter and Ozone Management Fact Sheet (2008-2010)

Particulate Matter and Ozone Management Fact Sheet (2008-2010)

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Published by slavkornik
An Edmonton air quality study from 2008 to 2010 shows a component of smog called particulate matter exceeded the national average some days.
An Edmonton air quality study from 2008 to 2010 shows a component of smog called particulate matter exceeded the national average some days.

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Published by: slavkornik on Oct 22, 2012
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10/22/2012

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P
 ARTICULATE
M
 ATTER AND
O
ZONE
M
 ANAGEMENT
F
 ACT
S
HEET
(2008
 
-
 
2010)
 
ISBN:978-1-4601-0431-6 (Printed) 978-1-4601-0432-3 (On-line)
August 2012
What is PM
2.5
?
PM
2.5
is fine particulate matter less than 2.5 micrometres in diameter. In comparison, ahuman hair is about 70 micrometres in diameter. These fine particles are small enough topenetrate the lungs and can be a human health concern, depending on their composition.PM
2.5
may form in the atmosphere, or be emitted by any combustion source includingautomobiles, industrial and wood burning. Smoke from forest fires and other types ofbiomass burning can also be a major source of PM
2.5
.
What is Ozone?
Ozone in the upper atmosphere protects life on earth by filtering the sun’s harmfulultraviolet rays. However, ozone on the ground is a harmful pollutant and a majorcomponent of summer time smog. Ozone is produced by a complex series of chemicalreactions in the atmosphere. During hot weather conditions, emissions of chemicals fromautomobiles, industry and other non-natural sources can converge to produce high ozonelevels, especially downwind of emission areas. At times, elevated ozone can be due to orhave contribution from a natural event. Ozone can be transported down to the surface fromthe “ozone rich” upper atmosphere, or produced during warm weather conditions due tochemical reactions involving organic compounds emitted by vegetation. Ozone levels are attheir highest during the spring and summer season in Alberta.
Figure 1 Alberta’s Particulate Matter and Ozone Management Framework.
Extracted from CASA Particulate Matter and Ozone Management Framework (September 2003). 
Mandatory Planto ReduceBelow Canada-wide StandardsManagementPlanSurveillanceActionsBaselineMonitoringand DataGathering
   F   l  e  x   i   b   l  e   M  a  n  a  g  e  m  e  n   t   T  o  o   l  s   S   t  r   i  n  g  e  n   t   M  a  n  a  g  e  m  e  n   t   T  o  o   l  s
   A  c   t   i  o  n   T  r   i  g  g  e  r  s
Exceedance TriggerPM
2.5
: 30 µg/m
3
ozone: 65 ppbPlanning TriggerPM
2.5
: 20 µg/m
3
ozone: 58 ppbSurveillance TriggerPM
2.5
: 15 µg/m
3
Action Levels
   E  x   i  s   t   i  n  g   R  e  g  u   l  a   t  o  r  y  a  n   d   M  a  n  a  g  e  m  e  n   t   T  o  o   l  s
 
Mandatory Planto ReduceBelow Canada-wide StandardsManagementPlanSurveillanceActionsBaselineMonitoringand DataGathering
   F   l  e  x   i   b   l  e   M  a  n  a  g  e  m  e  n   t   T  o  o   l  s   S   t  r   i  n  g  e  n   t   M  a  n  a  g  e  m  e  n   t   T  o  o   l  s
   A  c   t   i  o  n   T  r   i  g  g  e  r  s
Exceedance TriggerPM
2.5
: 30 µg/m
3
ozone: 65 ppbPlanning TriggerPM
2.5
: 20 µg/m
3
ozone: 58 ppbSurveillance TriggerPM
2.5
: 15 µg/m
3
Action Levels
   E  x   i  s   t   i  n  g   R  e  g  u   l  a   t  o  r  y  a  n   d   M  a  n  a  g  e  m  e  n   t   T  o  o   l  s
 
Particulatematter can beemitted byanycombustionsource.Ozone is amajorcomponent ofsmog.
 
 
Particulate Matter and Ozone Management
What is the CASA Particulate Matter and Ozone Management Framework?
The
CASA (Clean Air Strategic Alliance) Particulate Matter and Ozone Management Framework 
is Alberta’s commitment to achieve Canada-wide Standard (CWS) levels by the2010 target date. Three action triggers and four action levels (described below) wereestablished under the Framework (see Figure 1).
 How does the Particulate Matter and Ozone Management Framework work?
 
When ambient particulate matter or ozone concentrations are above theCanada-wide Standard exceedance trigger, there will be a mandatory plan toreduce them.
Within two years, Alberta Environment and Sustainable Resource Development (ESRD)will develop a management plan containing measures to reduce ambient concentrationsto below the numeric CWS, working with stakeholders where possible.
 
When ambient particulate matter or ozone concentrations are above the planningtrigger and below the Canada-wide Standard exceedance trigger, there will be amanagement plan.
 A management plan will be developed and implemented by stakeholders with appropriateactions that consider factors such as: (1) trends in population growth and industrialactivity, (2) trends in ambient air quality, and (3) ambient concentration relative to theplanning trigger. The goal of the management plan level is to prevent a futureexceedance of the CWS and to maintain or improve air quality. ESRD may impose a planif stakeholders do not develop a plan within two years.
 
When ambient particulate matter or ozone concentrations are above thesurveillance trigger and below planning trigger, there will be surveillance actions.
 ESRD, with support from the airshed zones, takes steps to ensure that sources ofelevated concentrations are determined and that trends in ambient concentrations aremonitored and analyzed.
 
When ambient particulate matter or ozone concentrations are below thesurveillance trigger, there will be baseline monitoring and data gathering.
ESRD or airshed zones conduct routine monitoring of ambient air quality.
What are the results of the current air quality assessment?
ESRD has completed the assessment of particulate matter and ozone data collected atAlberta monitoring stations from 2008 to 2010. Action levels have been assigned to individualmonitoring stations and to the Edmonton and Calgary Census Metropolitan Areas. This wasdone following the protocols and procedures defined by the CASA Framework and theCanada-wide Standards.The following assessment results include backing out, or removing, episodes that werecaused by natural, background, or trans-boundary influences. The results are presented inFigures 2 and 3 and are summarized as follows:
As they apply to Census Metropolitan Areas, the Canada-wide Standards were notexceeded for ozone or particulate matter in Alberta based on data from 2008 to 2010.However, the Edmonton Central and Edmonton East stations are above the Exceedance
Albertacommitted toachievingCanada-wideStandard levelsfor particulatematter andozone by 2010.The data from2008 to 2010indicate thatAlberta did notexceed theCanada-wideStandards forparticulatematter andozone.
 
Particulate Matter and Ozone Management
Trigger for PM
2.5
under the CASA framework and fall in the Mandatory Plan to Reduceaction level. The Edmonton CMA is represented by an average of all three Edmontonstations, as well as Fort Saskatchewan, Tomahawk, Genesee, and Powers stations. Thecause of elevated PM
2.5
levels at the Edmonton Central and East stations was primarilyanthropogenic emissions (e.g. automobiles and industry) combined with a higher thannormal frequency of stagnant weather conditions (temperature inversions and light winds)in the winter of 2010. Also, the change of monitoring technology for PM
2.5
that occurredover 2009 resulted in higher, but more accurate measurements in 2010. When the CWSis exceeded, the action under the CASA Framework is for ESRD to develop a plan toreduce particulate matter concentrations to below the Exceedance Trigger for PM
2.5
working with stakeholders where possible.
The results of the 2008-2010 assessment show that the Calgary Census MetropolitanArea as well as the Calgary East and Calgary Central sites exceeded the PlanningTrigger for PM
2.5
. The Edmonton South, Lamont County, and Red Deer sites alsoexceeded the Planning Trigger. Air quality management plans are already in place forthese areas. However, the existing management plans will need to be reviewed andimproved to include measures for assuring that future ambient levels of PM
2.5
do notexceed CWS limits.
Figure 2 Action levels for particulate matter (PM
2.5
) based on 2008 to 2010 data.
2008-10 Assessmentfor ParticulateMatter (PM
2.5
)(background, trans-boundary andnatural influencesremoved)
Canada-wide StandardExceedance Action LevelManagement Plan Action LevelSurveillance Action LevelMonitoring Action LevelData not availableSquares represents the Edmontonand Calgary Census MetropolitanAreas (CMAs).Asterisk (
) indicates incompletedata set.CITYofEDMONTONCITYofCALGARY
CentralNorthwestEastCentralEast
Fort ChipewyanFort McKayTomahawkFort McMurray -Patricia McInnesSyncrude UE-1Fort SaskatchewanElk IslandCALGARYRed DeerFort McMurray -Athabasca ValleyEDMONTONLethbridgeLamontGrande PrairieGeneseeMedicine HatPowersSouthDrayton ValleyEvergreenParkBeaverlodgeSmokey HeightsCold Lake
 
AnzacCarolineEdson
2008-10 Assessmentfor ParticulateMatter (PM
2.5
)(background, trans-boundary andnatural influencesremoved)
Canada-wide StandardExceedance Action LevelManagement Plan Action LevelSurveillance Action LevelMonitoring Action LevelData not availableSquares represents the Edmontonand Calgary Census MetropolitanAreas (CMAs).Asterisk (
) indicates incompletedata set.
 
CITYofEDMONTONCITYofCALGARY
CentralNorthwestEastCentralEast
Fort ChipewyanFort McKayTomahawkFort McMurray -Patricia McInnesSyncrude UE-1Fort SaskatchewanElk IslandCALGARYRed DeerFort McMurray -Athabasca ValleyEDMONTONLethbridgeLamontGrande PrairieGeneseeMedicine HatPowersSouthDrayton ValleyEvergreenParkBeaverlodgeSmokey HeightsCold Lake
 
AnzacCarolineEdson
 
CITYofEDMONTONCITYofCALGARY
CentralNorthwestEastCentralEast
Fort ChipewyanFort McKayTomahawkFort McMurray -Patricia McInnesSyncrude UE-1Fort SaskatchewanElk IslandCALGARYRed DeerFort McMurray -Athabasca ValleyEDMONTONLethbridgeLamontGrande PrairieGeneseeMedicine HatPowersSouthDrayton ValleyEvergreenParkBeaverlodgeSmokey HeightsCold Lake
 
AnzacCaroline
 
CITYofEDMONTONCITYofCALGARY
 
CITYofEDMONTONCITYofCALGARY
CentralNorthwestEastCentralEast
Fort ChipewyanFort McKayTomahawkFort McMurray -Patricia McInnesSyncrude UE-1Fort SaskatchewanElk IslandCALGARYRed DeerFort McMurray -Athabasca ValleyEDMONTONLethbridgeLamontGrande PrairieGeneseeMedicine HatPowersSouthDrayton ValleyEvergreenParkBeaverlodgeSmokey HeightsCold Lake
 
AnzacCarolineEdson
 
The Edmonton and West Central areas, along with the Fort Saskatchewan, Red Deerand Calgary areas were determined to be at the Management Plan action level for ozonebased on the 2001 to 2003 assessment. Stakeholders in these areas have developed airquality management plans and submitted them to ESRD in December of 2008. The goalof the plans is to prevent future exceedances of the CWS trigger, and to date they have

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