A Modern View (Chemistry) Coursebook 4B
©Aristo Educational Press Ltd. 2010 1
Chapter 44 Introduction to selected homologous seriesClass Practice
1. Butane, ethane, ethanol, ethanoic acid, urea (Accept other reasonable answers.)2.
Carbon dioxide, sodium carbonate, potassium hydrogencarbonate (Accept other reasonable answers.)3. Each carbon atom can form four strong single covalent bonds with carbon or other elements. Besides, carbon atoms can form strong single, double and triplecovalent bonds with other carbon atoms. Carbon atoms are able to join up withone another to form chains and rings.
1. (a) C=C, alkene(b) –OH, alcohol(c) –COOH, carboxylic acid2. (a) CH
Propan-1-ol molecules are held together by hydrogen bonds and van der Waals’forces while propene molecules are held only by van der Waals’ forces.(b)
Both of them can form hydrogen bonds with water molecules.(c)
Ethanoic acid has more extensive intermolecular hydrogen bonds than propan-1-ol.
1. (a) 1,1,1-trichloroethane(b) 1,1-dichloro-2,2-dimethylpropane(c) 1,2-dibromo-4-chloro-3,3-difluoropentane2. (a)