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Office of Scientific Intelligence - The Original Wizards of Langley

Office of Scientific Intelligence - The Original Wizards of Langley

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Published by Chuck Achberger

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Published by: Chuck Achberger on Oct 23, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/17/2013

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table of contents
I. Overview o the Oce o Scientic Intelligence.........
4
II. OSI Timeline..................................................
12-13
III. The Birth o OSIGeneral Order Number 13................................
14
Background section rom Weber history.............
16
Sherman Kent memo on S&T intelligence.........
24
IV. Intelligence ProductsSoviet Bloc Capabilities though 1957................
29
{NIE-65]
The Sovirt Atomic Energy Program to Mid-1957..
34
[NIE 11-3A-54]
Soviet Capabilities and Probable Programsin the Guided Missle Feild...............................
39
[NIE 11-6-54]
Soviet Guided Missle Capabilitiesand Probable Programs....................................
44
[NIE 11-12-55]
 
The Historical Collections Division (HCD) o the Oce o Inormation ManagementServices is responsible or executing the CIA’s Historical Review Program. This programseeks to identiy, collect, and review or possible release to the public signicanthistorical inormation. The mission o HCD is to:Provide an accurate, objective understanding o the inormation and intelligence
•
that has helped shape the oundation o major US policy decisions.Improve access to lessons learned, presenting historical material to emphasize the
•
scope and context o past actions.Improve current decision-making and analysis by acilitating relection on the
•
impacts and eects arising rom past decisions.Uphold Agency leadership commitments to openness, while protecting the
•
national security interests o the US.Provide the American public with valuable insight into the workings o their Government.
•
The History Sta in the CIA Center or the Study o Intelligence osters understandingo the Agency’s history and its relationship to today’s intelligence challenges bycommunicating instructive historical insights to the CIA workorce, other US Governmentagencies, and the public. CIA historians research topics on all aspects o Agencyactivities and disseminate their knowledge through publications, courses, briengs, andWeb-based products. They also work with other Intelligence Community historians onpublication and education projects that highlight interagency approaches to intelligenceissues. Lastly, the CIA History Sta conducts an ambitious program o oral historyinterviews that are invaluable or preserving institutional memories that are notcaptured in the documentary record.The Weapons Intelligence, Nonprolieration, and Arms Control Center (WINPAC)is the Directorate o Intelligence’s ocal point or analysis and policy support onoreign weapons and technology, nonprolieration, and arms control-related issues.WINPAC’s areas o responsibility include:The production o all-source intelligence relating to the threat o oreign strategic
•
weapons, to include nuclear, biological and chemical weapons (WMD); missileand space systems; and emerging conventional threats and countermeasures.Monitoring compliance to arms control, nonprolieration, and threat reduction
•
regimes; support to treaty negotiation and implementation; strategic interdictiono WMD-related networks.Collection programs and specialized signals intelligence analyses.
•
WINPAC and—to a lesser extent—the Oce o Transnational Issues now embracemuch o what was in the Oce o Scientic Intelligence when it and the Oce oWeapons Intelligence were merged in 1980.The Directorate o Science and Technology (DS&T) is the Central Intelligence Agency’slead component or tackling technical challenges. The Directorate history can betraced back to the years 1954 through 1962 when the U-2 program was conceivedand the Director o Central Intelligence (DCI) consolidated the scientic and technicaltalents o the CIA. DS&T oces create and apply innovative technology to meet intel-ligence needs. The Directorate’s work ranges rom exploratory research to the design,development, and operation o specialized intelligence systems, both large and small.The Directorate is actively engaged in every collection discipline: imagery intelligence(IMINT), signals intelligence (SIGINT), human sources intelligence (HUMINT), andmeasurement and signature intelligence (MASINT). By providing critical technologyand technical know-how, it also supports all phases o the intelligence process, romcollection through analysis and dissemination o the intelligence product.

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