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Electroterapia Andrei Radulescu

Electroterapia Andrei Radulescu

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Published by: meniung on Oct 24, 2012
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04/03/2013

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Adjectives
What are adjectives? 
Adjectives tell us
 something about a person or a thing
.
What do adjectives modify? 
Adjectives
can modify
nouns
or
pronouns/names
.
person thing
Mandy is a
careful
 
girl
. This is a
nice
 
car
.
She
 
is
 
careful
.
It
 
is
 
nice
.
Mandy
 
is
 
careful
.
Where do adjectives go? 
An
adjective
can be put
before
 
the noun
). Then it is an attribute.
person thing
Mandy is a
careful
 
girl
. This is a
nice
 
car
.An
adjective
can be put
after
the
verb to be (is)
. Then it is part of the predicate.
person thing
The girl
is
 
careful
. This car
is
 
nice
.Adjectives can go after the following verbs:
appear, become, feel, get, go, keep, turn
.When we speak about what something
looks
like,
smells
,
sounds
and
tastes
- we use the adjective. Mindthe difference between adjective and adverb.  I
feel
 
great
.She
looks
 
good
.It
seems
 
impossible
.The steak
smells
 
fantastic
.
Can adjectives be used without nouns? 
Yes, adjectives can be used without
nouns
. Mind the definite article "the":the
rich
=
rich
 
people
 Here is an example from the fairy tale "Cinderella":
 “The
good
must be put in the dish,The
bad
 
you may eat if you wish.” 
 Here is another example with nationalities in the plural:The
Scottish
live in the North of the United Kingdom.
Can two or more adjectives used together? 
Yes, if you use more adjectives you can put them in front of the noun:a
fat
 
old
 
cat
 or you can put them after the verb (eg. to be). Then
and
is placed between the last two adjectives.It was
cold
,
wet
 
and
 
windy
.
 Adjectives, ending in -ing and -ed 
There are adjectives ending in -ing and -ed. These are participle constructions,used like adjectives. Here are some examples:
A)
Here the
adjective
is put
before
the
noun
:Yesterday I read an
amusing
 
story
in a magazine.Doris has a
boring
 
 job
.We watched the group of 
excited
 
people
.
B)
Here the
adjective
is put
after
the
verb
:I
was
not at all
amused
by the dicussion.Children
get
 
bored
very quickly.The end of the film
was
really
exciting
for me.
 
 
Comparison of Adjectives
There are three forms of comparison:
- positive- comparative- superlative
 A - Comparison with -er/-est 
clean - clean
er
- (the) clean
est
 
We use -er/-est with the following adjectives:
1) Adjectives with one syllable
positive comparative superlative
clean clean
er
clean
est
 new new
er
new
est
 cheap cheap
er
cheap
est
 
2) Adjectives with two syllables and the following endings:2 - 1) Adjectives with two syllables, ending in -y 
positive comparative superlative
dirt
y
dirt
ier
dirt
iest
 eas
y
eas
ier
eas
iest
 happ
y
happ
ier
happ
iest
 prett
y
prett
ier
prett
iest
 
2 - 2) Adjectives with two syllables, ending in -er 
positive comparative superlative
clever clever
er
clever
est
 
2 - 3) Adjectives with two syllables, ending in -le
positive comparative superlative
simpl
e
simpl
er
simpl
est
 
2 - 4) Adjectives with two syllables, ending in -ow 
positive comparative superlative
narrow narrow
er
narrow
est
 
3) Spelling of the adjectives using the endings -er/-est 
positive comparative superlative comment
large large
r
large
st
leave out the silent -ebig big
ger
big
gest
 Double the consonant after short vowelsad sad
der
sad
dest
 dirt
y
dirt
ier
dirt
iest
Change -y to -i (consonant before -y)sh
y
shy
er
shy
est
 Here -y is not changed to -i.(although consonant before -y)

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