TERM- SAFETY Page 278
1.2 Site Roads and Site Traffic
The immediate cause of most traffic accidents on site is human error: bad driving,carelessness or ignorance during work with special hazards (for instance near excavationsor power lines), carrying unauthorized passengers, poor maintenance of vehicles,overloading or improper stacking or securing of loads.1. Site traffic routes should be clearly indicated and maintained as level as is consistentwith safe travel and should be carefully planned taking account of such potentialhazards as overhead lines, false work and steeply sloping ground as well as themovement of workers to and from different working positions. Where possible a one-way system should be implemented.2. Establish and display clearly speed limits on site and erect notice boards/
todraw the drivers' attention on areas of potential hazards.3. When vehicles have to cross public roads, drivers are responsible for seeing that thewheels and tyres are cleaned of mud so that the public roads will not be contaminatedand no skidding hazard is created by mud deposited on the roads near the entrances toconstruction sites. They are also responsible for seeing that their load is secure anddoes not present a risk to other road users.4. Protect workers from the risk of being struck by vehicles if they have to work on haulroads. Display suitable warnings where drivers can see them in good time; cone off thearea; wear 5. Fluorescent or reflective clothing.6. Engage low gear, and wherever practicable drive the vehicle up or down a slope rather than across.7. Provide passageways of suitable widths and steps or stairs of suitable construction for the safe passage of persons and materials.8. Properly maintain all floors, passageways, doorways, steps and stairs to ensure thatthey are free from any obstructions, protruding objects, slippery substances and other materials that may constitute tripping and slipping hazards.9. Provide and maintain a rigid hand-rail or other suitable handhold with intermediatebarriers on every staircase to prevent people falling through the open side.