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23_Serjant

23_Serjant

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: Muzeul Naţional de Istorie a Moldovei on Oct 25, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/04/2012

 
U~wlfmunl
( {#c#( vih# _N TZZNQ( cw# 7( 72<7( 76;!7:5#
PNLW]H –
 БГЗВЩ 
 
 ЛВЖНЧВ
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N WIH]H H]N ÃC EMP_IHULWML R]GHNKNU
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ċ
i kwm
ř
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l c}a
ċ
w}h}n em pnlwm ãc Gl{lwlgnl( ãc {rmknlh ãc klrnulhl f}gmwcnmn iwl!
ř
}h Kjn
ř
nc
ċ
}# Ãc lkm{u kicumzu( vmcna k} ncoiwal!
ū
nn aln emulhnlum rwnvnce lrlwn
ū
nl }c}n pnlw( ank(elw emi{mgnu( e}r
ċ
r
ċ
wmwml cil{uw
ċ
# M{um viwglem pnlw}h {
ċ
ru
ċ
açclh –
Бгзвщ
 
лвжнчв
‑( wmelkulu
ř
n menulu em F# Klhalc{ic hl Kjn
ř
nc
ċ
}( ãcuwm lcnn<><<
ř
n <><;( hl unrifwl
l h}n F#N}# _ihnc *Rwm{l7227( 7?<.#Kmwkmulwml em ol
ūċ
lwm ewmru {}w{m i kihmk
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nm em pn!lwm emripnulum ãc Rluwnaicn}h ACLNA
ř
n ãc Gnghn!iumkl Lklemanmn em
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m l Wmr}ghnknn Aiheivl(}cnkmhm nc{unu}
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nn enc wmr}ghnk
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( em lhuomh( }cem ri
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ċ
{n lkml{u
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r}ghnkl
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nm# Ãc Rluwnaicn}h ACLNA{}cu emripnulum ci}
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c}amwm lhm lkm{u}n pnlw0 cw#<7 enc omgw}lwnm( cw# <5( <=(
ř
n <? enc alwunm( cw#77 enc lrwnhnm( cw# ;2 enc n}cnm
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n cw# 5: enc 7>ikuiagwnm lc}h <><7# Aln {}cu ei}
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c}amwm0 cw# 7enc 7? cinmagwnm
 
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n cw# =2 enc <; cinmagwnm( klwml} aln {}{ em owicun{rnkn} ncoiwal
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w}h ein lh kmhmn em!l ei}l men
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n lc}h ein em men
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n c} kl em ignkmn( k} h}clnlc}lwnm# Kmh
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elulu k} lc}h <><;# Le}kma lkm{ummzrhnkl
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nn rmcuw} l lwf}amcul rmwnilel em lrlwn!
ū
nm( lc}c
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lu
ċ
aln {}{( l lkm{umn r}ghnkl
ū
nn# Uilumlkm{um c}amwm l} oi{u uwlc{omwlum enc A}pm}h emMucifwl
m
ř
n N{uiwnm Clu}wlh
ċ
enc iwl
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ř
nc
ċ
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w}h > enc nlc}lwnm <><7# L{uomh( umal lc}c
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lu
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l oi{u kmwkmulu
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ãc glpllkm{uiw <2 c}amwm lhm pnlw}h}n( l k
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k} lc}h <><7#Ãc kicunc}lwm via r}cm lkkmcu rm ei}
ċ
l{rmkumlhm lkm{umn rwighmam# M{um viwgl em l{rmku}h r}! ghnkn{unk lh lkm{u}n pnlw( hl klwm cm via wmomwn ulc!fmc
ū
nlh(
ř
n hl kmh r}ghnknulw( klwm( em olru( m{um {}! gnmku}h em glp
ċ
lh lkm{umn kia}cnk
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wn#Ãc kmml km rwnvm
ř
um l{rmku}h r}ghnkn{unk( e}r
ċ
oiw!alu}h rm klwm ãh lvml *==Ö;6 ka.( {
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ru
ċ
açclh}h
Бгзвщ
 
лвжнчв
‑ rilum
ãc{kwn{ ãc klumfiwnl pnl!wmhiw ankn# M{um k}wni{ olru}h k
ċ
{}g owicun{rnkn}c} lwm klhn
klunvmhm em pnlw rihnunk( {iknlh( hnumwlw(mkiciank( l
ř
l k}a mwl} rwmpmcum hl lhum pnlwm#[}g unuh}h pnlw}h}n {}cu nc{mwlum kçumvl kihilcm(lhm k
ċ
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ř
n rmcuw} lc}c
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ċ
 
ř
n lewm{l wmelk
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nmn# Emkn( c} m{um nc!enklu
ċ
–iwnmculwml‑ pnlw}h}n# Lhukmvl m k
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ř
n wm!elkuiw}h)menuiw}h vl lgiwel( ewmru k
ċ
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knlh({}gnmkum enc eiamcn}h {iknlh( mkiciank
ř
n kjnlwhnumwlw rm rlfncnhm pnlw}h}n# M
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wm{k( rwifwla}hpnlw}h}n uwmg}nl {
ċ
kic
ū
nc
ċ
lkm{um w}gwnkn( lhuomhmenuiw}h c!lw
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ū
n} mwl wmpmwvlulc}c
ū
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ċ
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mklwm elu
ċ
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ū
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ř
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ċ
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Бгзгн
 
зтнищ
‑( nlw kmhm ncumwcm {mwme}kml} hl ci}u
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ř
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n kjnlw enc Iem{l# [}gnmkumhm lkm{uiw ci}u
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l
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ř
nrçc
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n lhm hiklh}wnhiw r}ghnkm( {
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lwmlp
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rmpnn
ř
n mvlk}lwml mn enc iwl
ř
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nn viw
rmemr{n
ū
n *
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<><7( 5:.# L 
ř
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ċ
ċ
enu hnr{l rwiom{niclhn{!a}h}n enc rlwuml wmelkuiw}h}n ãc eiamcn}h rwm{mn{kwn{m#
œ
n uiu}
ř
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ř
n –alm{uw}h em glhmu‑ F# Klh!alc{ic l wm}
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ř
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ċ
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ř
um ãc wçce}wnhm khl{mn ãc{u
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wnum#¤
Бгзвщ
 
лвжнчв
´ {m mzrmenlp
ċ
 
ř
n {m eno}pmlp
ċ
rwncnc{unu}
ū
nn( gnwi}wn( jiumh}wn( alflpncm( mkiciann*ai
ř
nn.( nc{unu}
ū
nn mrlwjnlhm# Nlu
ċ
em km pnlw}h m{um{ikiunu kmh aln rir}hlw
ř
n aln w
ċ
{rçcenu pnlw encGl{lwlgnl
ř
n enc {}e}h W}{nmn# Mh kiwm{r}cem rmemrhnc ncumwm{mhiw lc}c
ūċ
uiwnhiw( em lkmml r}ghn!klwml lc}c
ū
}wnhiw ãc pnlw m{um }c an`hik {nf}w eml!
ū
n a
ċ
wn vmcnu}h‑ *
БЛ
<><7( <7.#C} cm r}uma rwic}c
ū
l ãc rwnvnc
ū
l unwl`}h}n lkm{u}npnlw( enc aiunv k
ċ
c}!h k}cil
ř
uma# C} r}uma l
w!al k} kmwunu}encm k
ċ
mh l oi{u –kmh aln rir}hlw‑
ř
n–kmh aln w
ċ
{rçcenu pnlw enc Gl{lwlgnl
ř
n kjnlw enc[}e}h W}{nmn‑( k}a l
wal menuiw}h# [}rmwhlunvm!hm –kmh aln‑( –rwna}h‑ mwl} oihi{num ãc r}ghnknulum(kl }c uw}k( rmcuw} l lemamcn knunuiwnn
ř
n wm{rmkunv k}ar
ċ
w
ċ
uiwnn# Ãc klp}h ci{uw} ãc lkml{u
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nri{ulp
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 {}cu lc}c
ūċ
uiwnn( lenk
ċ
ui
ū
n lkmn klwm ã
ř
n o 
ċ
kml} r}! ghnknulum nc{unu}
ū
nnhiw( hiklh}wnhiw( ãcuwmrwncemwnhiw(kl{mhiw em kiamw
ū
( alflpncmhiw muk# L{uomh( Klh!alc{ic ãn o 
ċ
kml r}ghnknulum pnlw}h}n {
ċ
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waçcek
ċ
m{um kmh aln g}c rmcuw} nc{mwlwml wmkhlamhiw
ř
n kmh aln w
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wnu# L oi{u l
ř
l k}a {m emkhlwl ãc lc}c
ū
{l} c}( via vmeml ãc kicunc}lwm# Aln ãcuçn( ãc{
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ċ
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l h}n F#H# Klhalc{ic#F# Klhalc{ic l oi{u i rmw{ilc
ċ
–k} }c kihiwnu vn}‑l Kjn
ř
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ċ
elu
ċ
# Em{rwm mh {m viwgml klem{rwm }c –rimu( aiuiknkhn{u( alm{uw} em glhmu ãc!uiueml}cl uçc
ċ
w‑ *
Ъкъавб
(
Йгпвт
722>( ;;:.# _ncm hl Kjn
ř
nc
ċ
} ãc lc}h <:>6
ř
n {m {ulgnhm
ř
um k}uwln}h lnkn( le}kçce}!
ř
n ãc cinmagwnm <:>6
ř
n olan!hnl( h}çce ãc kjnwnm }c lrlwulamcu ãc {uwlemhl _lw!oihiammv{dlnl cw# <; *l{u
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pn {uwlemhl Umluw}h}n.
<
#Rwm{}r}cma( k
ċ
m{um iwnfnclw enc Lddmwalc# Ãchn{ul {rmknlh
ċ
l mvnemc
ū
mn mvwmnhiw em fmc al{k}!hnc enc {mkuiw}h < lh iwl
ř
}h}n Lddmwalc enc lc}h<:6=( {}g c}a
ċ
w}h 77( m{um ãcwmfn{uwlu }c ilwm!klwm Dmhalc{ic *k} rwmc}am fwm} em knunu. klwmlvml : h}cn
7
# L lkunvlu kl rwiom{iw em elc{}wn ãcnc{unu}
ū
nnhm em ãcv 
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açcu enc Kjn
ř
nc
ċ
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ř
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ř
n alu}wn# L aiculu }c glhmu ãagncçce elc!{}wnhm cl
ū
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ċ
wml{kl‑
ř
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Ъкъавб
(
Йгпвт
722>( ;;:.# L{uomh( F# Klh!alc{ic l kicuwng}nu ãcuw!}c omh {l} lhu}h hl emp! vihulwml k}hu}wnn glhmu}h}n ãc Gl{lwlgnl#Rm hçcf
ċ
hmk
ū
nnhm em elc{
ř
n em fnacl{unk
ċ
( Klh!alc{ic aln vnceml( wmrlwl( e
ċ
eml ãc lwmce
ċ
 
ř
n ãcwlum gnknkhmum# Aln a}h
ū
n lcn ãc
ř
nw {men}h lolkmwnhiwh}n {!l l
lu ãc {uwlel R}
ř
dnc{dlnl ;2 *
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ř
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# Lc}c
ū
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Етыл
‑(
Мнььвтвмьавщ
 
пкжбш
‑(
Мнььвтвмьако
 
авднбевтш
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ū
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ř
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ncml
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n }c lumhnmw em wmrlwl
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nm l lwunkihmhiw( rm klwm hm vnceml# Lnkn vl lr
ċ
wml
ř
n pnlw}h –
Бгзвщ
 
лвжнчв
‑(menulu hl unrifwl
l h}n F# _ihnc#Aln uçwpn} Klhalc{ic ã
ř
n vl {kjnagl {men}h lol!kmwnhiw ãc {uwlel Lhmzlcewiv{dlnl <<5( ãcuwm {uwlel
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n kmwkmu
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ř
n Am{knlc{dlnl
;
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ū
nm. kjnlw rm rwnal rlfn!c
ċ
( wmpmwvçce lkm{u}n lc}c
ū
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ċ
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ū
n}hrlfncnn# L 
ř
lelw( –alm{uw}h em glhmu‑( cmf}{uiw}h F# Klh!alc{ic( ã
ř
n vl ãckmwkl ciwik}h
ř
n ãc eiamcn}h `}w!clhn{a}h}n#
œ
n( {nf}w( k
ċ
aiunv}h klwm h!l o 
ċ
k}u {
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lkm{u eiamcn} l oi{u wmkhlal# Mh l ãc
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mhm{wih}h wmkhlamn ãc rwi{rmwlwml kiamw
ū
}h}n em{o 
ċ
!
ř
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ř
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l lolkmwnhiw ãc lkm{u eiamcn} rwi
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ūċ
ãceiamcn}h wmkhlamn mzumwnilwm *em {uwle
ċ
.# F# Klh!alc{ic ãcemrhncml kiamcpn em khn
ř
mm lhm
wamhiw(alflpncmhiw
ř
n lhuiw nc{unu}
ū
nn( mzmk}ul mzumwnilwm(ol
ū
lem( riwuwmum( amelhnn(
f}wn muk# *
БЛ
<><7( <7.#Em elul lkml{ul mh l jiu
ċ
wçu {
ċ
{m alcnom{um ãc ei!amcn}h wmkhlamn unr
ċ
wnum# Em lkmml( pnlw}h –
Бгзвщ
 
лвжнчв
‑( rm g}cm( rilum
kic{nemwlu pnlw kwmlu emwmkhla
ċ
 
ř
n rmcuw} wmkhla
ċ
#Enc kmhm rluw} rlfncn( rm klwm {m unr
ċ
wml( ei}
ċ
(rwnal
ř
n l rluwl rlfnc
ċ
( mwl} wmpmwvlum ãc ãcuwm!fnam wmkhlamhiw# Lc}c
ū
}wn r}ghnknulwm mwl} nc{m!wlum
ř
n rm rlfncnhm 7
ř
n ;( klwm em lhuomh mwl} kmhmaln {k}arm# Rwm
ū
}h }c}n lc}c
ū
r}ghnklu rm lkm{umrlfncn l`}cfml hl ?2 kirmnkn rmcuw} }c wçce rmunu(kmhm nc{mwlum rm rwnal rlfnc
ċ
ki{ul} ;2 kirmnknrmcuw} }c wçce rmunu( nlw kmhm enc l rluwl rlfnc
ċ
 72 kirmnkn# Lgiclwml rm }c lc em pnhm hl lkm{u pnlwki{ul < w}gh
ċ
72 kirmnkn( rm `}a
ċ
ulum em lc ?2 ki!rmnkn( rm uwmn h}cn ;2 kirmnkn( rm i h}c
ċ
<2 kirmnkn(nlw ki{u}h }c}n {ncf}w pnlw mwl em 7 kirmnkn# Pnlw}h
Бгзвщ
 
лвжнчв
‑ r}uml
rwik}wlu
ř
n fwlun{# Ãc kç!umvl c}amwm lhm pnlw}h}n f
ċ
{na lc}c
ū
}wn ãc klwm{m ãc
ř
unnc
ū
l k
ċ
–eiwnuiwnn em l rwnan fwlun{ pnlw}h {
ċ
 uwnanu
ċ
e}r
ċ
mh hl wmelk
ū
nm( pnlw}h vl
elu o 
ċ
w
ċ
ig!{ulkihm‑ *
БЛ
<><7( 5:.# Kmwkmuçce kihmk
ū
nl em pnlwmem klwm en{r}cma( kic{ulu
ċ
a( k
ċ
{rl
ū
n}h wmpmwvluwmkhlamhiw {!l a
ċ
wnu
ř
n rm rlfncnhm 7
ř
n ;# Kmml km ãc{mlac
ċ
( k
ċ
l kwm{k}u c}a
ċ
w}h em lc}c
ū
}wn( vm!cnum hl wmelk
ū
nm
ř
n k
ċ
pnlw}h lvml {}kkm{m ãc eiam!cn}h wmkhlamn unr
ċ
wnum#E}r
ċ
i lkunvnulum em uwmn h}cn( F# Klhalc{ic {kwnl0–Hl wmelk
ū
nm l} l`}c{
ř
unwn( k
ċ
i glce
ċ
em unk
ċ
hi
ř
n( ãc ow}cum k} lfmcu}h _mwg( lh}cflu em hl pnlw rmc!uw} lg}p ãc {mwvnkn}( ã
ř
n rmwanum {
ċ
w
ċ
{rçceml{k
ċ
 enomwnum pvic}wn {u}rnem em{rwm pnlw}h ¤
Бгзвщ
 
;
 L{u
ċ
pn g}hmvlwe}h
œ
umolc kmh Alwm( ãcuwm {uw
ċ
pnhm [olu}h
ŧċ
wnn
ř
n Alwnl Kmgiulwn#
лвжнчв
´# K}a wmlk
ū
nicmlp
ċ
hl lkml{u
ċ
açw
řċ
 vnm{iknmuluml( {m vmem enc
}z}h em lc}c
ū
}wn cin lhmkmhiw aln {ihnem
wam enc iwl
ř
( kçu
ř
n rwir}cmwmlem kihlgiwlwm hl pnlw enc rlwuml a}huiw rmw{ilcmk}ci{k}um enc iwl
ř
}h Kjn
ř
nc
ċ
}# Rm rlwk}w{}h h}cn!hiw em mzn{umc
ūċ
( pnlw}h ci{uw} l ãclnculu rm rwna}hhik ãcuwm pnlwmhm ankn( luçu e}r
ċ
c}a
ċ
w}h em lc}c!
ū
}wn( kçu
ř
n e}r
ċ
kic
ū
nc}u}h iwnfnclh lh lwunkihmhiwrm envmw{m umam( wmunr
ċ
wnum *k} ncenklwml npvilwm!hiw. enc a}hum pnlwm em`l kic{unu}num# Pnlw}h ci{uw}{mwvm
ř
um ewmru fjne rmcuw} r}ghnk ãc a}hum jium!h}wn( klomcmhm
ř
n f
ċ
wn# A}ckl rmw{mvmwmcu
ċ
( en{uwn! g}nwml kiwmku
ċ
 
ř
n hlwf
ċ
( kic
ū
nc}u}h ncumwm{lcu( l}
ċ
k}u kl ãcuw!}c umwamc {k}wu( pnlw}h {
ċ
emvnc
ċ
 kmh aln rir}hlw ãc wçce}h r}ghnk}h}n kic{}al!uiw( h}kw} lrwmknlu em lc}c
ūċ
uiwn( rwnc lc}c
ū
}wnhmkialcelum em mn rmcuw} ãcuwmf lc}h# Ãc ãckjmnmwm({}ghncnma( k
ċ
r}ghnkl
ū
nl cil{uw
ċ
( lrwilrm fwlun{(l mzn{ulu em`l aln a}hu kl lhum r}ghnkl
ū
nn k} rhlu
ċ
 enc iwl
ř
}h Kjn
ř
nc
ċ
}
ř
n enc h}cl l ei}l l mzn{umc
ū
mnl ãckmr}u {
ċ
le}k
ċ
vmcnu k}wlu( ãc unar km lhum pn!lwm g}cm( hl }c rwm
ū
em ei}
ċ
kirmnkn
ř
n i kirmnk
ċ
(klwm l} {}riwulu kjmhu}nmhn aiwlhm
ř
n alumwnlhm({m ãckjneml} enc kl}pl rlf}gmhiw alwn# Ncenkçcel{}rwl o}celamcu}h}n uwlncnk lh r}ghnkl
ū
nmn cil{!uwm( wmelk
ū
nl lc}c
ūċ
( k
ċ
c} vl wmlk
ū
nicl rm rlfncn!hm pnlw}h}n hl uilum gçwomhnhm
ř
n }cmhunwnhm açw
ř
lvm‑*
БЛ
<><7( <=.#Ãc lewm{lwml –Enc rlwuml wmelk
ū
nmn‑( r}ghnklu
ċ
 em{miwn rm rlfncnhm pnlw}h}n( {m amc
ū
nicl k
ċ
wm!khlal r}ghnklu
ċ
ãc pnlw –kiwm{r}cem ncumwm{mhiwlc}c
ūċ
uiwnhiw
ř
n {mwvm
ř
um ewmru an`hik g}c ema
ċ
wnwm l vmcnu}wnhiw‑# K} lemv 
ċ
wlu( pnlw}h kiwm{!r}ceml kmwnc
ū
mhiw lc}c
ūċ
uiwnhiw( ielu
ċ
km lkm
ř
unl{m oihi{ml} em {mwvnknnhm h}n# Ewmru a
ċ
wu}wnm cm{mwvm
ř
um kic
ū
nc}u}h am{l`mhiw r}ghnknulwm# Lnkn ã
ř
n
ċ
kml} r}ghnknulum kmhm aln k}ci{k}um kl{m emkiamw
ū
( alflpncm( gnwi}wn glcklwm( wm{ul}wlcum(jiumh}wn( ownpmwnn( umluwm( knwk muk# enc Kjn
ř
nc
ċ
}(Iem{l( Gmcemw( Unwl{rih
ř
n kjnlw enc Ai{kivl
ř
n _lw
ř
ivnl# Rwncuwm khnmc
ū
nn enc Kjn
ř
nc
ċ
} ln pnlw}h}n{m c}a
ċ
wl}0 E#O# Dlwl![uinlciv 
ř
n E#M# [rçc}hiv *rwirwnmulwnn alflpncmhiw em ignmkum
ř
n h}kw}wn gn!{mwnkm
ř
un.( M#F# Rwijiwmcki *lumhnmw}h em nkici{ul!{m.( kl{mhm em kiamw
ū
–Owl
ū
nn Lh
ř
 vlcf‑ *alflpnc emalc}olku}w
ċ
.( –C# Ownalc
ř
n [i
ū
nl‑ *alflpnc em gh
ċ
c}wn enc [ngmwnl.( –
œ
iw( Wipmcomhe(
œ
mncgmwf‑*alflpnc em alc}olku}w
ċ
.( –Owl
ū
nn D}pal‑ *al!flpnc em alc}olku}w
ċ
.( A#L# Gmhi
ū
mwdiv{dn *al!flpnc em gh
ċ
c}wn.( N# On
ř
alc *alflpnc em flhlc!umwnm.( D# N}wdiv{dlnl *alflpnc em alc}olku}w
ċ
.(
 _# [mw`lcu(
 Pnlw}h –
 Бгзвщ
 
лвжнчв
‑ 
ř
n wih}h h}n ãc empvihulwml r}ghnknu 
ċū 
nn ãc Gl{lwlgnl
ū 
lwn{u 
ċ
76=

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