ADDITIONS to architectural history XIXth conference of the Society of Architectural Historians,
Australia and New Zealand,
Brisbane: SAHANZ, 2002
Marine and Underwater Cities 1960-1975
Department of ArchitectureUniversity of Melbourne
Of the techno-utopian schemes for new cities developed by architects inthe post Team X climate the sporadic emergence of the marine city, eitherfully or partially immersed is one of the more curious minor architecturaltraditions of the 1960’s. Considering the marine city highlights the ways in which architectural neo avant-gardes sought to locate, explore, spatialise,extend and re-territorialise, what Deleuze and Guattari have described asthe smooth space of the sea.Polemicists and promoters of underwater technologies in the architecturalpress such as Hussein, Banham, Jencks, McHale and Cook will bediscussed. In tandem projects for marine cities by the Metabolists, Archigram, Fuller, Friedman, Dahinden, Rougerie, Maymont and others will be briefly presented and described. The Marine Cities produced by these architects utilised mimetic organic, archaic, and mechanisticmetaphors to generate urban morphologies and forms isolated andphysically separate from the land.In explaining the desire for and production of marine cities between 1960and 1975 an understanding of the relationships between modernarchitecture, capital flows, technology and popular culture is furtherdeveloped.
In 1964 the Archigram group published
5 the Metropolis Issue of the group’smagazine. The typewritten and roneoed pages of this issue were devoted to articulating and espousing new forms and techniques of city design. Included on one of the pages inthe magazine is a curious montage of “Underwater Hardware” placed on a background of psychedelic wave patterns. On the page are examples of cold war underwater vehiclesincluding Sealab, Alvin, Turtle, Aluminaut, Deepstar and Cousteau’s vertically aligned