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Automotive Air Conditioning Training Manual

Automotive Air Conditioning Training Manual

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Published by: saminabih56 on Oct 26, 2012
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07/30/2013

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 Automotive Air Conditioning
TrainingManual
 
1
(I) Theory
The four major function..........................................................................................3Understanding heat................................................................................................4Change of state......................................................................................................7Pressure & temperature relationship......................................................................8The Ozone Layer....................................................................................................9R134a properties...................................................................................................10Principles of air conditioning..................................................................................12
(II) System types
Expansion block valve system...............................................................................13Parallel flow condenser system.............................................................................14Orifice tube system................................................................................................15Expansion valve dual system.................................................................................16
(III) Components
Compressors..........................................................................................................17Clutches.................................................................................................................22Lubrication.............................................................................................................23Condensers.......... .................................................................................................24Foam seals............................................................................................................25Condenser electric fans.........................................................................................25Evaporators............................................................................................................26Thermal expansion valve.......................................................................................27Super heat.............................................................................................................29Orifice tube............................................................................................................30Filter drier receiver.................................................................................................31 Accumulators.........................................................................................................32“O” rings.................................................................................................................33Hoses.....................................................................................................................34Charging ports.......................................................................................................35Wiring A/C systems................................................................................................36Blower speed control.............................................................................................37Compressor cycling control....................................................................................38Protective sensors.................................................................................................42Temperature control...............................................................................................48Mode control..........................................................................................................49Electronic temperature control (ECC)....................................................................51
(IV) Retrofitting
Introduction............................................................................................................53Procedures.............................................................................................................54
 Automotive Air Conditioning Training Manual 
 
2
 Automotive Air Conditioning Training Manual 
(V) Equipment
Recovery&Recycling equipment............................................................................56Evacuation equipment...........................................................................................57Charging stations...................................................................................................59Combination units..................................................................................................60Refrigerant safety...................................................................................................61Leak detections & detectors...................................................................................62
(VI) Servicing
Lubrications............................................................................................................65Flushing a contaminated systems..........................................................................66Preparations...........................................................................................................67Testing conditions..................................................................................................68 A/C performance check.........................................................................................69Faulty performance of A/C systems.......................................................................72 A/C system to noisy...............................................................................................74 A/C system emits unpleasant odours ...................................................................75The condenser does not dissipate enough heat....................................................76Incorrect refrigerant amount...................................................................................77Compressor displacement regulation valve defective............................................78Expansion valve defective.....................................................................................79Electric compressor clutch slips or does not engage.............................................80Ice on the evaporator core.....................................................................................81Compressor damaged...........................................................................................82Hot air infiltrated in the passenger compartment ..................................................83Blockage in the A/C system circuit ........................................................................84

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