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Circuit Breaker an Kit Bansal 2

Circuit Breaker an Kit Bansal 2

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Published by Ankit Bansal

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Published by: Ankit Bansal on Oct 26, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/04/2012

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By:- Ankit bansal UE104006EE
 
Inspired by the works of American scientist J
oseph Henry 
and English scientist
Michael 
 Faraday, the circuit breaker was invented in 1836 by an American,
Charles Grafton.
The
American National Standards Institute (ANSI) defines a circuit breaker as: “
 Amechanical switching device, capable of making, carrying and breaking currentsunder normal circuit conditions. Also capable of making and carrying for aspecified time and breaking currents under specified abnormal circuit conditions,such as those of a short circuit.
 
 A circuit breaker is an equipment which is designed to protect an electric circuits fromdamage caused by short circuit or overload.
The basic circuit breaker working principle is that it is an automatically operated electricswitch.It detects the fault condition and interrupt the continuity to stop the flow of electricity immediately.
It is not like a fuse which operates once and need to be replaced ,a circuit breaker canbe reset 
(either manually or automatically) to resume it’s normal operation
.
Introduction
 
In every country the there will be a standard value for the voltagedistributed by the power plants. In INDIA it is 240 Volts. Though this is aconstant value, the value of the resistance and current will always vary according to our connections.
When we buy electrical components like bulbs and tubes, their company’s
 provide a standard resistance value for their effective working. This value,often referred to as the load, is the real reason for the appliances to work.
The components are designed in such a manner that the total voltage,current and the resistance across it are always constant.
If the current through a component increases, the heat may increasecausing the melting down of the wires inside. This causes a contact betweenthe neutral and phase wires.
The fire thus produced may even cause the whole building to collapse. Toavoid this, circuit breakers are used.
Why do we need Circuit Breakers?

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