In every country the there will be a standard value for the voltagedistributed by the power plants. In INDIA it is 240 Volts. Though this is aconstant value, the value of the resistance and current will always vary according to our connections.
When we buy electrical components like bulbs and tubes, their company’s
provide a standard resistance value for their effective working. This value,often referred to as the load, is the real reason for the appliances to work.
The components are designed in such a manner that the total voltage,current and the resistance across it are always constant.
If the current through a component increases, the heat may increasecausing the melting down of the wires inside. This causes a contact betweenthe neutral and phase wires.
The fire thus produced may even cause the whole building to collapse. Toavoid this, circuit breakers are used.
Why do we need Circuit Breakers?