3adjudication of the multiple issues presented to the Court in the course of thislitigation. The principle of democracy is an immutable part of the constitutionalbedrock upon which our country has been founded. It is historically, ideologicallyand socio-politically profoundly important to our character and constitution as anation: It is the first mentioned of the interrelated, foundational triad of principleson which our State is constitutionally grounded.
Its scope and import aredeepened and augmented by the other two equally important principlesproclaimed in the same constitutional breath: the rule of law and justice for all.Moreover, as a precept fundamental to our values and aspirations as a nation, itsimport is repeatedly echoed throughout our Constitution, from the Preamble to theSchedules. Its purpose is articulated in the third paragraph of the Preamble:
toeffectively maintain and protect the fundamental complementary values of humandignity, equality, freedom, justice and peace
and the right to life, liberty and thepursuit of happiness
in a democratic society, where the government isresponsible to freely elected representatives of the people, operating under asovereign constitution and a free and independent judiciary. Its essence iscaptured in the founding provision of the Constitution that '(a)ll power shall vest inthe people of Namibia who shall exercise their sovereignty through the democraticinstitutions of the State';
its protection is enduringly accorded to all Namibian
See: Article 1(1) of the Namibian Constitution.
Referring to the rights articulated in the first two paragraphs of the preamble, it reads: 'Whereasthe said rights are most effectively maintained and protected in a democratic society, where thegovernment is responsible to freely elected representatives of the people, operating under asovereign constitution and a free and independent judiciary'.
Enunciated in the first paragraph of the Preamble.
Recorded in the second paragraph of the Preamble.
Article 1(2) of the Constitution.