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Thesis on Water Proofing

Thesis on Water Proofing

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Published by: Parth Patel on Oct 26, 2012
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THESIS
 
2009
10
 
Selection
 
of 
 
 Appropriate
 
Waterproofing
 
Techniques
 
 for 
 
Buildings
 
Nitin
 
 Jadav 
 
(5106)
| 
School 
 
of 
 
Building
 
Science
 
&
 
Technology,
 
CEPT 
 
University 
 1
1.1
 
Introduction
 
 A waterproof coating is a substance or materialmade to coat an object or surface and prevent itfrom suffering any negative effects from exposureto water. Waterproofing is a treatment which isused to protect the surface or structure from thewater. It creates a water resistant barrier which isimpervious and protective to the surface below. Inold structures, due to aging there may beproblems of leakages and dampness which causeunhygienic conditions. Even in new constructiondue to poor quality of material or workmanshipleakage and dampness problems start in earlydays which generally affect the strength as well asthe aesthetics and finally cause non serviceabilityto the occupants. Whenever any building elementstarts showing the dampness or leakagesometimes it becomes difficult to identify thesource and after identifying the source theselection of the appropriate technology is the maintask.
Photo 1. Effect of absence of waterproofing Treatment 
Different waterproofing techniques prevail in thecurrent scenario like Polyurethane coatings,Cement paints, Sealers, Silicon based water repellents, Nanotechnology, etc. Waterproofing istypically done for internal areas like bathrooms,toilets, basements etc. and external areas likeroofs, balconies, retaining walls and terraces.Waterproofing of swimming pools, terracegardens, and sunken slabs requires good skillsand experience. Good quality of waterproofing canincrease the life of the structure.
1.2
 
Need
 
for
 
the
 
Study
 
Photo 2. Leakage on sunken slab
There are many factors which affect theservicability of the buildings and water relatedproblems are a major concern. Construction is apart of development of any area or city and speedydevelopment sometimes it leads to the problemsto the structure. Leakage and dampness are themain problems which affect the structure and themain cause of that may be poor quality of materials, poor quality of workmanship, improper plumbing, inadequate supervision, defectivedesign or improper construction practice. For making structure waterproof or water resistantthere are many waterproofing techniques availablewhich may protect the structure from negativeeffects of water, but it is difficult to choose thecorrect waterproofing technique for the structure.There are many factors which affect the selectionof appropriate waterproofing technique likeappearance, environment exposure, cost, loadingto the structure etc. Thus there is a need to studyvarious waterproofing techniques to facilitate theselection of appropriate waterproofing technique.
Photo 3. Effect of absence of waterproofing Treatment on wall 
 
THESIS
 
2009
10
 
Selection
 
of 
 
 Appropriate
 
Waterproofing
 
Techniques
 
 for 
 
Buildings
 
Nitin
 
 Jadav 
 
(5106)
| 
School 
 
of 
 
Building
 
Science
 
&
 
Technology,
 
CEPT 
 
University 
 2ResearchMethodologyLiterature StudyData Collcection& Data AnalysisConclusionTo identifycauses andeffects of leakage anddampnessTo identifysuitability of differentwaterproofingtechniquesTo identifyappropriatewaterproofingtechnique for thespecific work andcondition.
1.3
 
Objective
 
Chart 1 Objective of the study 
1.4
 
Scope
 
This thesis addresses:1. Waterproofing materials and techniquesBuildings currently undergoing waterproofingtreatment have been taken up as case studies for understanding the application of the technique for various structural elements.2. Efficiency of waterproofing techniquesBuildings that have undergone waterproofingtreatment 5 or more years prior have beeninvestigated for the symptoms and distressesresulting due to inadequacy or deficiency in thetreatment.For both major objectives, building case studieshave been taken in two different environmentalconditions: A. Case studies of buildings in Ahmedabadfor high temperature variationsB. Case studies of buildings in Mumbai for heavy rainfall and high water tableconditions
1.5
 
Methodology
 
Chart 2 Methodology for study 
Method of study is on the basis of literature studyand case studies. The literature study gives thebasic understandings but the main focus is oncase studies.
Literature Study
From books available for waterproofing techniquesand waterproofing materials.Magazines, Papers, and Articles related towaterproofing materials and application arestudied to know about new arrival of material andtechnique.
Case Studies
Ongoing case studies of different waterproofingtechniques are studied to understand theapplication methodology of the techniques.Case Studies where waterproofing Treatmentsapplied 5 or more years before are checked for understanding of the current scenario
Data Analysis
Data analysis is based on the data collected by thecase studies. Comparative Analysis is done asmethod of analysis because the collection of datais on the same bases, which are affecting the allwaterproofing techniques.
Conclusions and Recommendations
Conclusions and Recommendations are on thebasis of the data collection and data analysis.
 
THESIS
 
2009
10
 
Selection
 
of 
 
 Appropriate
 
Waterproofing
 
Techniques
 
 for 
 
Buildings
 
Nitin
 
 Jadav 
 
(5106)
| 
School 
 
of 
 
Building
 
Science
 
&
 
Technology,
 
CEPT 
 
University 
 3
(3)(1)(4)(7)(6)(2)(5)(9)(8)
(1) Defected Exterior Surface(2) Tile Joints Leakage(3) Rising Dampness(4) RCCLintel and Masonary wall joints(5) Parapet terrace floor joints(6) Improper Slope of terrace floor (7) Improper Roofing(8) Improper Plumbing(9) Underground Watertank
2.1
 
Locations
 
of 
 
Penetrating
 
Water
 
into
 
the
 
Building
 
There are various points from where water starts penetrating
1
into the building. These points can be createdby faulty construction, or during the use of the structure. Some major points or locations from where water canenter into the structure are identified in the figure below.
Fig. 1. Locations of penetrating water into the building 
1
 
Penetration: see definitions
 

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