A waterproof coating is a substance or materialmade to coat an object or surface and prevent itfrom suffering any negative effects from exposureto water. Waterproofing is a treatment which isused to protect the surface or structure from thewater. It creates a water resistant barrier which isimpervious and protective to the surface below. Inold structures, due to aging there may beproblems of leakages and dampness which causeunhygienic conditions. Even in new constructiondue to poor quality of material or workmanshipleakage and dampness problems start in earlydays which generally affect the strength as well asthe aesthetics and finally cause non serviceabilityto the occupants. Whenever any building elementstarts showing the dampness or leakagesometimes it becomes difficult to identify thesource and after identifying the source theselection of the appropriate technology is the maintask.
Photo 1. Effect of absence of waterproofing Treatment
Different waterproofing techniques prevail in thecurrent scenario like Polyurethane coatings,Cement paints, Sealers, Silicon based water repellents, Nanotechnology, etc. Waterproofing istypically done for internal areas like bathrooms,toilets, basements etc. and external areas likeroofs, balconies, retaining walls and terraces.Waterproofing of swimming pools, terracegardens, and sunken slabs requires good skillsand experience. Good quality of waterproofing canincrease the life of the structure.
Photo 2. Leakage on sunken slab
There are many factors which affect theservicability of the buildings and water relatedproblems are a major concern. Construction is apart of development of any area or city and speedydevelopment sometimes it leads to the problemsto the structure. Leakage and dampness are themain problems which affect the structure and themain cause of that may be poor quality of materials, poor quality of workmanship, improper plumbing, inadequate supervision, defectivedesign or improper construction practice. For making structure waterproof or water resistantthere are many waterproofing techniques availablewhich may protect the structure from negativeeffects of water, but it is difficult to choose thecorrect waterproofing technique for the structure.There are many factors which affect the selectionof appropriate waterproofing technique likeappearance, environment exposure, cost, loadingto the structure etc. Thus there is a need to studyvarious waterproofing techniques to facilitate theselection of appropriate waterproofing technique.
Photo 3. Effect of absence of waterproofing Treatment on wall