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The Equine Skeletal System

The Equine Skeletal System

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Published by: Savannah Simone Petrachenko on Oct 26, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/26/2012

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The Skeletal System
Functions
Protection of vital organsLocomotionDynamic storage for mineralsBones are living
Classification of Bones
LongShortFlatSesamoidPneumaticOnly the sinuses are pneumatic bones (have air in them)IrregularAxial = head, neck, ribcage, and backAppendicular = legs
The Equine Skull
 
Mandible = bottomMaxilla = topFunction of the facial crestForamen = hole
Axial Skeleton: Vertebral Column
Thorax = chest18 ribsThoracic = does not move
 
Lumbar = more flexibilityLumbosacral junction = junction between the hindquarters andthe rest of the horseCervical Spine InjuriesThe spinal nerves that supply the limbs have to pass throughthe spinal canal.Any inflammation in or around the spinal cord can directly effectthe gait in all 4 limbs.When these nerves are damaged, the horse can become ataxic.Ataxia: Horse cannot control its limbs (NOT safe to ride,requires neurological exam)1 = just noticeable5 = horse is downWobblers:Cervical vertebral malformationHorse is ataxicNarrowing of the cervical spinal canalInstability of the cervical spinal canalExample:Young, fast-growing horseExcessive caloric intakeImbalance of trace mineralsCompromised bone developmentOCD (osteocondrosis)Add intense training (Rolkr)Trauma to vertebraeDegenerationCompression of the spinal cord

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