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Nutritional Value of Pasture

Nutritional Value of Pasture

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Published by: Savannah Simone Petrachenko on Oct 26, 2012
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Nutritional Value of Pasture
Substances Found in Living Things
Synthesis of Complex Organic Molecules & Breakdown of ComplexOrganic Molecules to Simple UnitsSimple Carbohydrate: Glucose, a monosaccharide or simple sugar
 
The two forms of glucose as dissolved in water. Theyinterconvert. This hexose has six carbons.Carbohydrates (C H O)Carbon - greyOxygen - redHydrogen - whiteA trios and two pentosesThree different hexoses. Note carbon numbers.Disaccharide formation by condensation, forming
α
-1,4 linkageCondensation to a disaccharide with
β
-1,4 linkage
 
Important Plant & Animal PolysaccharidesHydrogen bonding to other cellulose occurs at OH by C 2Glycogen & starch are
α
-1,4 polymers with
α
-1,6 branching
Cellulose is unique: alternate glucoses are flipped over and bondsare beta 1,4 links
Polysaccharides
Starch is the major form of stored carbohydrates in plants. Starchis composed of a mixture of two substances: amylose, anessentially linear polysaccharide, and amylopectin, a highlybranched polysaccharide. Both forms of starch are polymers of a-D-Glucose.How do animals digest the CHO made by plants?Mammals produce enzymes that convert starch to disaccharidesand then to monosaccharides (break alpha 1,4 bonds).Mammals don't make cellulase which breaks cellulose todisaccharides, monosaccharides, etc. (need to break beta 1,4bonds).How do animals use the cellulose from plant fibre?They have bacteria in their intestines producing cellulase and otherenzymes which break plant fibre down.The eventual products are Volatile Fatty Acids (Acetic A. 2C;Propionic A. 3C; Butyric A 4C).
Structure of Lipids (fats and oils)

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