Important Plant & Animal PolysaccharidesHydrogen bonding to other cellulose occurs at OH by C 2Glycogen & starch are
-1,4 polymers with
Cellulose is unique: alternate glucoses are ﬂipped over and bondsare beta 1,4 links
Starch is the major form of stored carbohydrates in plants. Starchis composed of a mixture of two substances: amylose, anessentially linear polysaccharide, and amylopectin, a highlybranched polysaccharide. Both forms of starch are polymers of a-D-Glucose.How do animals digest the CHO made by plants?Mammals produce enzymes that convert starch to disaccharidesand then to monosaccharides (break alpha 1,4 bonds).Mammals don't make cellulase which breaks cellulose todisaccharides, monosaccharides, etc. (need to break beta 1,4bonds).How do animals use the cellulose from plant ﬁbre?They have bacteria in their intestines producing cellulase and otherenzymes which break plant ﬁbre down.The eventual products are Volatile Fatty Acids (Acetic A. 2C;Propionic A. 3C; Butyric A 4C).
Structure of Lipids (fats and oils)