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Pasture Establishment

Pasture Establishment

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Published by: Savannah Simone Petrachenko on Oct 26, 2012
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01/21/2014

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Pasture Establishment
To Seed or Not to Seed?!
Cheapest pasture is established swardIf goal is mainly nutrition, plant only fence posts for the first threeyearsIf a definite grass/legume mix is required be prepared to pay andwaitHow do you select your grasses and legumes?
OMAFRA
Advice on Forage Species
Pasture Production #19 from OMAFRASeed company catalogsFeed and seed storesNeighbours, colleaguesOntario Forage Crop Variety Performance pamphlets
Selecting a Seed Mixture
Match species to...DrainagepH
 
PurposeHay and Pasture: brome, timothy, orchardgrass, tall fescue,alfalfa, trefoilPasture only: bluegrasses, creeping red fescue, redtop, whiteclover
Why Legume/Grass Mixtures?
Higher production; deeper rootsLow or no N fertilizer requiredBetter than grass in midsummer
CP, Ca;
NDF than grass onlyIntermed white and Ladino clover supply > soil N vs. alfalfa, trefoil,red cloverGrasses fill in; compete with weeds; reduce winterkill
Types of Mixtures
More species/mixture = more environments filledSelect the right combination for the environment; similar maturitydates
 
Variety of Mixtures
Alfalfa, brome, timothy, tall fescue, meadow fescue: stored feedonlyCreeping red fescue, kentucky bluegrass, white clover: grazingonly
Seeding
Follow extension or company recommendationUse certified seedBuy fresh, appropriate innoculumUsually without a companion cropFine, firm, weed-free seedbedSeeds < 1 cm deepCool, moist weather
Exercise Paddocks

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