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Table Of Contents

Rutherford Scattering
1.1 Introductory Remarks
1.2 Rutherford Scattering
1.3 Scattering Cross Section
1.4 Measuring Cross Sections
1.5 Laboratory Frame and the Center-of-Mass Frame
1.6 Relativistic Variables
1.7 Quantum Treatment of Rutherford Scattering
Nuclear Phenomenology
2.1 Introductory Remarks
2.2 Properties of Nuclei
2.2.1 Labeling of Nuclei
2.2.2 Masses of Nuclei
2.2.3 Sizes of Nuclei
2.2.4 Nuclear Spins and Dipole Moments
2.2.5 Stability of Nuclei
2.2.6 Instability of Nuclei
2.3 Nature of the Nuclear Force
3.3 The Fermi-Gas Model
3.4 Shell Model
3.4.1 Infinite Square Well
3.4.2 Harmonic Oscillator
3.4.3 Spin-Orbit Potential
3.4.4 Predictions of the Shell Model
3.5 Collective Model
3.6 Superdeformed Nuclei
Nuclear Radiation
4.1 Introductory Remarks
4.2 Alpha Decay
4.3 Barrier Penetration
4.4 Beta Decay
4.4.1 Lepton Number
4.4.2 Neutrino Mass
4.4.3 The Weak Interaction
4.5 Gamma Decay
Applications of Nuclear Physics
5.1 Introductory Remarks
5.2 Nuclear Fission
5.2.1 Basic Theory of Fission
5.2.2 Chain Reaction
5.3 Nuclear Fusion
5.4 Radioactive Decay
5.4.1 Radioactive Equilibrium
5.4.2 Natural Radioactivity and Radioactive Dating
Energy Deposition in Media
6.1 Introductory Remarks
6.2 Charged Particles
6.2.1 Units of Energy Loss and Range
6.2.3 Energy Loss Through Bremsstrahlung
6.3 Interactions of Photons with Matter
6.3.1 Photoelectric Effect
6.3.2 Compton Scattering
6.3.3 Pair Production
6.4 Interactions of Neutrons
6.5 Interaction of Hadrons at High Energies
Particle Detection
7.1 Introductory Remarks
7.2 Ionization Detectors
7.2.1 Ionization Counters
7.2.2 Proportional Counters
7.2.3 Geiger-Miiller Counters
7.3 Scintillation Detectors
7.4 Time of Flight
7.5 Cherenkov Detectors
7.6 Semiconductor Detectors
7.7 Calorimeters
7.8 Layered Detection
8.1 Introductory Remarks
8.2 Electrostatic Accelerators
8.2.1 Cockcroft-Walton Machines
8.2.2 Van de Graaff Accelerator
8.3 Resonance Accelerators
8.3.1 Cyclotron
8.3.2 Linac or Linear Accelerator
8.4 Synchronous Accelerators
8.5 Phase Stability
8.6 Strong Focusing
8.7 Colliding Beams
Properties and Interactions of Elementary Particles
9.1 Introductory Remarks
9.2 Forces
9.3 Elementary Particles
9.4 Quantum Numbers
9.4.1 Baryon Number
9.4.2 Lepton Number
9.4.3 Strangeness
9.4.4 Isospin
9.5 Gell-Mann-Nishijima Relation
9.6 Production and Decay of Resonances
9.7 Determining Spins
9.8 Violation of Quantum Numbers
9.8.1 Weak Interactions
9.8.1.1 Hadronic Weak Decays:
9.8.1.2 Semileptonic Processes:
10.2 Symmetries in the Lagrangian Formalism
10.3 Symmetries in the Hamiltonian Formalism
10.3.1 Infinitesimal Translations
10.3.2 Infinitesimal Rotations
10.4 Symmetries in Quantum Mechanics
10.5 Continuous Symmetries
10.5.1 Isotopic Spin
10.6 Local Symmetries
Discrete Transformations
11.1 Introductory Remarks
11.2 Parity
11.2.1 Conservation of Parity
11.2.2 Violation of Parity
11.3 Time Reversal
11.4 Charge Conjugation
11.5 CPT Theorem
Neutral Kaons, Oscillations, and CP Violation
12.1 Introductory Remarks
L2.2 Neutral Kaons
12.3 CP Eigenstates of Neutral Kaons
12.4 Strangeness Oscillation
12.5 K° Regeneration
12.6 Violation of CP Invariance
12.7 Time Development and Analysis of the K°-K° System
12.8 Semileptonic K° Decays
Formulation of the Standard Model
13.1 Introductory Remarks
13.2 Quarks and Leptons
13.3 Quark Content of Mesons
13.4 Quark Content of Baryons
13.5 Need for Color
13.6 Quark Model for Mesons
13.10 Dynamics of the Gauge Particles
13.11 Symmetry Breaking
13.12 Chromodynamics (QCD) and Confinement
13.13 Quark-Gluon Plasma
Standard Model and Confrontation with Data
14.1 Introductory Remarks
14.2 Comparisons with Data
14.3 Cabibbo Angle and the "GIM" Mechanism
14.4 CKM Matrix
14.5 Higgs Boson and sin2 9w
Beyond the Standard Model
15.1 Introductory Remarks
15.2 Grand Unification
15.3 Supersymmetry (SUSY)
15.4 Gravity, Supergravity and Superstrings
Index*
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BOOK - Das a. & Ferbel T. - Introduction to Nuclear and Particle Physics

BOOK - Das a. & Ferbel T. - Introduction to Nuclear and Particle Physics

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Published by: Abdullah Al Bari Tusar on Oct 27, 2012
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