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Summer 2010 Minnesota Plant Press ~ Minnesota Native Plant Society Newsletter

Summer 2010 Minnesota Plant Press ~ Minnesota Native Plant Society Newsletter

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Minnesota Plant Press
The Minnesota Native Plant Society Newsletter
Minnesota Plant Press
The Minnesota Native Plant Society Newsletter

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Minnesota Native Plants on Oct 27, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/28/2013

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 Hekkm|g` ^c`k ^tm|| 
_m Hekkm|g` K`eym ^c`k \glemu Kmq|cmmt
Ygc}hm 45 K}hdmt <\}hhmt 4>0>
Hgkbcu hmmeka|
_bgh~|gk ^`tf Lmkmt'O`fg`Cgoam_bgh~|gk Lg}ku ^`tf <9> D}cmt @ym+ M+#Qm| \+ ^`}c# HK ==002
^tgat`h|
_bm Hekkm|g` K`eym ^c`k
\glemu hmm| bm t| _b}t|o`u
ek Glgdmt# Kgymhdmt# Omlmhdmt#Imdt}`tu# H`tlb# @~tec# H`u# `koJ}km+ Lbmlf ` qqq+hkk~|+gtaigt hgtm ~tgat`h ekigth`egk+9 ~+h+ ‟ \gle`c ~mtego1 “ 5 ~+h+ ‟ ^tgat`h# \glemu d}|ekm||
HKK^\ qmd|em
Igt ekigth`egk `dg} \glemu
mco te~|# hmmeka| `ko mymk|#
lbmlf bm qmd|em: qqq+hkk~|+gta
Ek be| e||}m
^tm|eomk―| Lgc}hk ++++++++++++++++++4Lgk|mty`egk Lgtkmt +++++++++++++++++4Tg`o|eom| igt ~gccek`gt| +++++++++< Kmq hmhdmt| ++++++++++++++++++++++++++<Iemco te~| ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++<^c`k Cgtm: bg`tu ~}llggk ++++++=_btm`mkmo |~mlem| ce| ++++++++++++=Amkmel lgk|mty`egk gi `|b+ +++9Oq`ti tg} cecu +++++++++++++++++++++++2
 Iteec`tu gk d}mtiu(qmmo 
@|lcm~e`| }dmtg|`
 %# ~bgtg du ^`t _bgh`|+
A`tomk igt D}mtem|qeb K`eym ^c`k|
du ^` _bgh`|# qecoceim a`tomkmt# mo}l`gt `ko ~bggat`~bmt+ _be| e| ` |}hh`tu gi bmt `cf ` bm H`u 9# 4>0># HKK^\ hmmeka 
+
D}mtem| `tm dm`}ei}c ek|ml| qeb ig}t oe|ekl omymcg~hmk`c |`am|:maa# l`mt~ecc`t# lbtu|`ce| `ko d}mtu+ Ug} l`k mkjgu `cc ig}t |`am| du ~tgyeoeka kml`t ~c`k| igt `o}c d}mtem| `ko c`ty`c gt bg| ~c`k| igt l`mt~ecc`t|+ K`eym ~c`k| `tm bm dm| lbgelm igt ug}t d}mtu a`tomk+ Ek
|~teka bmu `tm `k m`tcu kml`t |g}tlm# `ko ek i`cc# om|~em cgq mh~mt`}tm|#
bmu lgkek}m g |}~~cu kml`t ` ` lt}le`c ehm igt heat`eka d}mtem| `ko
bg|m b` tmh`ek+ K`eym ~c`k| `c|g |mtym `| iggo igt l`mt~ecc`t|# mk|}teka
kmq amkmt`egk| gi d}mtem|+
\mcml ~c`k| `~~tg~te`m igt ug}t |em lgkoeegk|+ ^c`lm ` cm`| |ghmgi bm ~c`k| ek `k `tm` |bmcmtmo
itgh |tgka qeko|+ Ug} l`k ltm`m
` qekodtm`f qeb tmm| gt |bt}d| gt  du lgymteka ` imklm gt tmcce| qebyekm|+ Tmhmhdmt b` ug} ogk―b`ym g b`ym ` c`tam u`to g `t`l
 d}mtem|6 lgk`ekmt a`tomkeka e|
`cq`u| `k g~egk+
_tu g b`ym gqmt| dcggheka
itgh m`tcu |~teka g c`m i`cc# `koatg}~ ~c`k| lcg|mt gambmt b`k ek` t`oeegk`c a`tomk+ ^c`k ek h`||m|gi lgcgt# `ko fmm~ ~c`k| b` `t`l
Lgkek}mo gk ~`am ?Gl+ 1: –\`m ~`tf|: @ cma`lugi ~tm|mtyeka be|gtu# k`}t`c
tm|g}tlm| `ko k`eym igt` `ko
i`}k`#‘
du Lbte| Ke|f`kmk# g}oggt|moegt#
\+ ^`}c ^egkmmt ^tm||
+
Kgy+ ?:
_g dm `kkg}klmo+ "Lbmlf bm qmd|em+%
\mmo mrlb`kam+Oml+ 4:
_g dm `kkg}klmo+ "Lbmlf bm qmd|em+%
 Dteka k`eym |mmo| igt bm `kk}`c mrlb`kam
_bm \glemu―| `kk}`c |mmomrlb`kam# qbelb qecc dm bmco `bm Kgy+ ? hmmeka# ~tgyeom| `kg~~gt}keu igt hmhdmt| g gd`ek|mmo| gi k`eym ~c`k| ` kg lg|+\mmo| h}| dm ~c`lmo ek h`tfmomkymcg~m| ‟ kg d}cf ~ecm| qecc dm`llm~mo+
 
HKK^\ Dg`togi Oetmlgt|
^tm|eomk: \lg Hecd}tk
#|lg+hecd}tkNhkk~|+gta
Yelm ^tm|eomk: \betcmu H`bFgguh`k#
|betcmu+h`b+fgguh`kNhkk~|+gta
\mltm`tu#
 ~tgat`h lggtoek`gt 
:@kotå| Hgt`km|#
`kotm|+hgt`km|Nhkk~|+gta
_tm`|}tmt
# hmhdmt|be~ o`` d`|m
: Tgk `ko L`bu B}dmt#
tgk+b}dmtNhkk~|+gta
Omtmf @komt|gk
# dg`to hmhdmt#omtmf+`komt|gkNhkk~|+gta
Fmk @tko#
 dg`to hmhdmt# mco
te~ lb`et# fmk+`tkoNhkk~|+gta
Helb`mc Dg}to`ab|
# dg`tohmhdmt# helb`mc+dg}to`ab|Nhkk~|+gta
Mcez`dmb Bmlf 
# dg`to hmhdmt#qmdh`|mt# mcez`dmb+bmlfNhkk~|+gta
O`kemc Jgkm|
# dg`to hmhdmt#
o`kemc+jgkm|Nhkk~|+gta
Ouc`k C}mb#
dg`to hmhdmt#ouc`k+c}mbNhkk~|+gta
Mcez`dmb Kergk#
 dg`to hmhdmt#lgk|mty`egk lghhemm lb`et#
 
 dmb+kergkNhkk~|+gta
Mtef` Tgqm
# dg`to hmhdmt#mtef`+tgqmNhkk~|+gta
T}|| \lb`iimkdmta#
 dg`tohmhdmt# t}||+|lb`iimkdmtaNhkk~|+gta
Iemco _te~|:
mcote~|+hkk~|N
hkk~|+gta
Hmhdmt|be~|:
hmhdmt|be~|+hkk~|Nhkk~|+gta
Be|gte`k(@tlbeym|: TguTgde|gk#
be|gte`k(`tlbeym|+hkk~|Nhkk~|+gta
_mlbkel`c gt hmhdmt|be~ekp}etem|:
lgk`l+hkk~|Nhkk~|+gta
 Hekkm|g` ^c`k ^tm||
Moegt:Amttu Otmqtu#
9=0(?9<(2>>96
 ~c`k~tm||+hkk~|Nhkk~|+gta
^tm|eomk―| Lgc}hk
du \lg Hecd}tk
Qm tmlmkcu bmco g}t p}`tmtcu dg`to hmmeka ek J}km# qeb O`kemc
Jgkm| gile`ccu jgekeka bm dg`to+
_bm dg`to ygmo Fmk @tko d`lf g |mtym bm tmh`ekomt gi @kamc`B`k|gk―| btmm(um`t mth+ Qm `c|g
bmco gilmt mcmlegk|# qeb `cc ig}t 
 ~g|eegk| tmh`ekeka bm |`hm+ _be|
e| kgq hu ib mth ek be| ~g|eegk#`ko E qg}co cefm g lgkek}m g atgq
`| qm b`ym `| ` |glemu+Gdyeg}|cu# qm qg}co cefm glgkek}m qeb g}t atm` ~tgat`h|
`ko mco te~|# d} qm `c|g kmmo g
atgq g}t hmhdmt|be~+ _be| l`k dm`llgh~ce|bmo ek ` k}hdmt gi q`u|#eklc}oeka h`feka hmhdmt|be~tmkmq`c| m`|emt+ Qm b`ym tmlmkcug~mkmo ` ^`u^`c `llg}k ek gtomt g h`fm tmkmqeka m`|emt+ _be| e| kggk bm qmd|em um# d} qm `kele~`mb` mymtubeka qecc dm i}ccu t}kkeka du bm ehm qm `cc kmmo g tmkmq g}t 
hmhdmt|be~|+ E qg}co cefm g b`kf 
F`u Lb`uf` igt |meka be| }~# `ko`c|g igt `cc gi bmt qgtf gk bm dcga+_bm dg`to `c|g oe|l}||mo ~g||edcmg~el| igt bm 4>00 \uh~g|e}h+ Igt bm ~`| |mymt`c um`t|# qm b`ym dmmkigl}|eka gk ` tmaegk gt c`koigth# d}bm dg`to oe|l}||mo bm ~g||edeceugi mr~cgteka c`tam(|l`cm lgklm~|b` `tm dmeka mr`hekmo qgtcoqeom+Oe|l}||egk| qecc lgkek}m igt bmkmr |mymt`c hgkb|# qeb ` g~el g dm `kkg}klmo ek bm kmr kmq|cmmt+@| `cq`u|# qm qecc dm cggfeka igt ygc}kmmt| igt bm mymk+Lgk|mty`klu `ko gbmt|# tmlmkcu
 jgekmo du Hekkm|g`―| Ek|e}m gk
bm Mkyetgkhmk+ _bg|m ag`c| l`k
 dmkm g}t he||egk+
Lgk|mty`egkLgtkmt
du Mcez`dmb Kergk
Qbu y`c}m k`eym ~c`k|7Lgk|mtyeka k`eym ~c`k| `| ~`tgi k`}t`c# bm`cbu mlg|u|mh| ek` b}h`k(oghek`mo `ko lceh`m(lb`kaeka qgtco om~mko| gk`q`tmkm|| gi bm h`ku y`c}m|#}|m|# `ko |mtyelm| |}lb ~c`k| `komlg|u|mh| ~tgyeom igt b}h`k|+Hgtm oeymt|m at`||c`ko| l`k dm lgk|mtymo btg}ab bmeabmkmo`q`tmkm|| gi l`tdgk |mp}m|t`egky`c}m `ko btg}ab qe|m b`tym|ekaigt degi}mc|+ ]kot`ekmo ~m`c`ko|l`k lgk|mtym ` y`| `tt`u gi k`eym|~mlem| `ko ~tgyeom ` ymtu eh~gt`kl`tdgk |ekf+ ^gcelem| igt k`eymmlg|u|mh| `| l`tdgk |ekf| h`u b`ym ~gmke`c g ag ` cgka q`u gq`to|y`c}eka `ko lgk|mtyeka k`eym ~c`k|+ Cgl`c iggo|# tmaegk`ccu ~tgo}lmo# m`mk ek lgklmt qeb bm|m`|gk|# `tm ` ~g~}c`t y`c}m b`
b`| bm ~gmke`c g dm |eakel`kcu
mr~`komo ekg bm tm`ch gi tmaegk`ck`eym ~c`k |~mlem|+Yelgte` T`k}`# HKK^\hmhdmt# tmlmkcu ygc}kmmtmo g
mo}l`m U l`h~mt| `dg} Hekkm|g`
k`eym ~c`k iggo y`c}m|+ L``ectgg |`tlb e| ` atm` dtm`o(d`fekaekatmoemk# `ko qbg fkgq|# qe|mb`tym|eka igt be| ~}t~g|m lg}co dm` h`k`amhmk ggc igt bm eky`|eymbudteo l``ec |~mlem|+B}h`k| y`c}m ~tgmlegk
`a`ek| ggoeka gi }td`k `tm`| `ko
bghm|m`o|+ Dmcemi b` qm l`k ot`ekmketm q`mt|bmo| `ko }|m mkmtau(ekmk|eym mkaekmmteka |gc}egk| `|
` q`u g} gi bm ggo omy`|`egk
ek bmet q`fm| e| cg|eka ~g~}c`teug c`tam |l`cm q`mt|bmo(d`|mo#mkmtau(km}t`c qmc`ko tm|gt`egkmiigt| b` l`k `c|g tm|gtm k`eym ~c`k oeymt|eu g c`tam `tm`|+Qm mklg}t`am ug} g lgk|eomt bm|m eom`| `ko ~tghgm bmhek ug}t y`teg}| ~tgim||egk`c `kolghh}keu `leyeem|+ Cggf ekg bmtmlmkcu omymcg~mo K`}t`c L`~e`c
^tgjml |~m`tbm`omo du _bm K`}tm
^c`k |`cm eklghm }~
_bm J}km ^c`k \`cm e| ` |g}tlmgi eklghm igt bm \glemu+ Qmtmlmeymo /=99 be| um`t ‟ beabmt 
b`k ek 4>>5 `ko 4>>26 cgqmt b`k
ek 4>>1 `ko 4>>9+ _g`c| igt bm c`|
ym |`cm| `tm: 4>0> ( /=996 4>>5( /?096 4>>2 ( /?=>6 4>>1( /2?46
4>>9 ( /500+4
 
Tg`o|eom| igt^gccek`gt|
du C`}tmc \}kodmta# ekmt~tmeymk`}t`ce|# Cgqtu K`}tm Lmkmt+
G}t k`eym ~gccek`gt|# dmm| `ko
gbmt ek|ml|# `tm }k`dcm g ko bm
tm`c m|`m bmu kmmo g |}tyeym `kobteym+ _bmu `tmk― `dcm g mkmt ekg ` deooeka q`t qeb omymcg~mt|gymt c`ko dmeka agddcmo }~ ` `km|eh`mo t`m gi ig}t `ltm| ~mt hek}m `ltg|| bm ]+\+_bm Hekkm|g` OKT b`| ` kmq ~g|mt `oygl`eka }|m gi k`eym ~c`keka| `cgka tg`o|eom| `| ` q`ug lghd` b`de` cg||+ _bm |}oem|igl}| gk tg`o|eom| dml`}|m bmu|mtym `| lgkkmlegk| g fmu b`de`|`ko `tm gimk |m `|eom itgh i}tbmt omymcg~hmk+ Qm l`k― `ta}m b`` k`ttgq oelb e| lgh~`t`dcm gfmm~eka bm –d`lf ?>‘ ` ~t`etem# d}`ku |h`cc ~g|eeym lb`kam l`k h`fm` oeiimtmklm+@k m|eh`mo 9> ( 2> ~mtlmk gi 
bm qgtco―| gqmteka ~c`k| tmp}etm
|ghm |gt gi `keh`c ~gccek`gt g ~tgo}lm ye`dcm |mmo|+ H`ku gi g}t `atel}c}t`ccu eh~gt`k ~c`k|~mlem| `tm om~mkomk gk `keh`c ~gccek`gt|+ _bm|m ~gccek`gt| `tm
gimk ek|ml|: dmmcm|# em|# hgb|# d}mtem|# `ko m|~mle`ccu dmm|+ Qm
mko g bekf gi bm oghm|el`moM}tg~m`k bgkmudmm `| bm fmu ~gccek`gt# d} bmtm `tm h`kuhgtm k`eym dmm |~mlem| b` b`ymomymcg~mo `| ~`t gi Hekkm|g`―|mlgcgau `ko `tm `o`~mo g g}t lceh`m `ko ~c`k|+_bm|m k`eym dmm |~mlem|# `cgkaqeb gbmt ek|ml ~gccek`gt|# `tmcg|eka atg}ko qbmk e lghm| g
koeka beab p}`ceu b`de`+ _g
|}~~gt bm|m qekamo ~gccek`gt|#qm kmmo g ~tgyeom iggo# |bmcmt#`ko |~`lm+ Iggo |g}tlm| igt bm|m dmm| lghm ek bm igth gi ~gccmk `kokml`t+ Igt |bmcmt# |gce`tu dmm| qeccmrl`y`m `k }komtatg}ko km|# gt }|m `k mre|eka }kkmc ekg ` ~ebugt qggou |mh+ \gle`c d}hdcmdmm|tmlulcm gco hg}|m km|| g ltm`mbmet `kk}`c lgcgkem|+ _bm h`ekeom` e| bm|m dmm| kmmo ` oeymt|eu gi k`eym ~c`k| `ko |gec |}d|t`m| gltm`m bmet bghm|+Bmtm―| bm mklg}t`aeka ~`t:|}oem| b`ym ig}ko tg`o|eom| qeb
`d}ko`k k`eym qecogqmt| `ko
at`||m| |}~~gt qelm `| h`ku dmm| `ko `dg} <= ~mtlmk hgtm dmm |~mlem| b`k tg`o|eom| qebhgkgl}c}tm| `ko'gt mrgel ~c`k|+_bm hgtm oeymt|eu# bm beabmt bmk}hdmt gi ek|ml ~gccek`gt|+ @ =>'=>her gi at`||m| g igtd| `t`lmobm hg| ~gccek`gt|+ Cm`ym ` imq|bt}d| gt tmm|# `ko bm her |bg}co ~tgym ettm|e|edcm igt k`eym dmm|#
 d}mtem| `ko h`ku gbmt|+
Qb`―| ` bghmgqkmt gt k`eym ~c`k lgkkge||m}t g og7 Fmm~ ~c`keka k`eym|+ \ghm ~c`k| gi ymtubeab y`c}m g ~gccek`gt| `tm: `|mt# dmta`hg# L}cymt―| tgg# agcomktgo#ae`k bu||g~# cm`o~c`k# hecfqmmo# ~`tteoam ~m`# ~mk|mhgk# ~t`etem
lcgymt# |~eomtqgt# `ko |}kgqmt+
_bm|m `tm ~c`k| h`ku gi }| `tm`ctm`ou igl}|mo gk l}cey`eka ekg}t a`tomk|+
Ei ug} b`ym ` tg`o|eom `ctm`ou
|~gteka be| feko gi oeymt|eu# tug tmo}lm hgqeka g gkcu ` |te~`cgka bm moam# `ko tmo}lm ~m|eleom`ko bmtdeleom }|m+ Qm ~tgd`dcu `cc
mkjgumo ce|mkeka g bm b}h gi dmm|qgtfeka ek bm a`tomk+ Eh`aekm ei qm
lg}co dteka d`lf b` feko gi dm`}ug g}t tg`o|eom| ‟ `ko bmc~ g}t k`eym ~gccek`gt| ek bm ~tglm||+Igt hgtm ekigth`egk# ` ~g|mt  d`|mo gk bm `telcm –^gccek`gt|`ko Tg`o|eom|‘ e| `y`ec`dcm itgh
bm HK OKT ` b~:''cm|+okt+
|`m+hk+}|'`||e|`klm'kt~c`kkeka'lghh}keu'tg`o|eom|igtqecoceim' dmm|igttg`o|eom|+~oi 
HKK^\ qmclghm|kmq hmhdmt|
_bm \glemu aeym| ` q`thqmclghm g <> kmq hmhdmt| qbg
 jgekmo o}teka bm |mlgko p}`tmt gi 
4>0>+ Ce|mo `c~b`dmel`ccu# bmu`tm:Cukkmm \+ @komt|gk# \+ Ltger
Dm`lb6^`}c O+ @komt|gk# Moek`6\`t` D`t|mc# Tg|myeccm6Jgbk Dmtp}e|# Tglbm|mt6F`tek Le`kg# Hekkm`~gce|6
Jgto`k `ko Het`ko` L}tzgk# \+
^`}c6Fmk At`mym# \+ ^`}c6Bgccu B`hecgk# ^cuhg}b6Dtggfm F`tmk B`qgtb# \+ ^`}c6L`tgc Bm~gfg|fe# Tglbm|mt6Mtel` Bg`ac}ko# \+ ^`}c6H`te Eg# \bgtmyemq6\}|`k Jgkm|# \+ ^`}c6_`t` Fmccu# @igk6C+ @comk Fmko`cc# O}c}b6@cmre| HlL`tbu# Hekkm`~gce|6T`ko`cc Km~t`|b# Tg|myeccm6Hmcyek H+ ^t`kkmt# O}c}b6
Jg@kk `ko Telb`to \lbkez}|#
Hekkmgkf`6O`k \b`q# \+ ^`}c6Atma `ko ^`h \~`t# Dea C`fm6C`}tmc \}kodmta# Hekkmgkf`6Mymcuk _ehh# O}c}b6Jgm Qbem# Hekkmgkf`6F`tek Qgcymtgk# Telbmco6J`|gk U`ocmu# G`fo`cm6M|mcc` Um}ka# G`fo`cm+
_tm`|}tmt|― tm~gt
_bm 4>0> |mlgko p}`tmt tm`|}tmt|― tm~gt itgh Tgk `ko L`buB}dmt |bgq| eklghm gi /2#502+15`ko mr~mk|m| gi /1#<05+=4+ _bmum|eh`m b` mr~mk|m| igt bmtmh`ekomt gi bm um`t qecc dm `dg}/<#1>>+ @||m| g`c /49#<92+?>#eklc}oeka /2#15?+95 ek LO|+
H`jgt |g}tlm| gi eklghm igt bm
um`t qmtm bm |uh~g|e}h "/=#41=%#hmhdmt|be~| "/4#142% `ko bm ~c`k|`cm "/=99%+ Mr~mk|m| eklc}omobm |uh~g|e}h "/<#2=1%# at`k
g oeaeezm ch "/0#<>>%# ~tekeka
"/142%# kmq oe|~c`u |`ko "/<=?%`ko ~g|`am "/<44%+
Iemco te~|
HKK^\ mco te~| `tm dmeka
 ~c`kkmo igt c`m |}hhmt `ko i`cc+Lbmlf bm qmd|em "qqq+hkk~|+gta% ~mtegoel`ccu igt }~o`m|+_bm Dmcc H}|m}h `c|g lgko}l|
mco te~|+ _bmu `tm ~g|mo ` qqq+
 dmcch}|m}h+gta<

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